dsp-10q_20210331.htm

 

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, DC 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2021

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

FOR THE TRANSITION PERIOD FROM                      TO                     

Commission File Number: 001-40015

 

Viant Technology Inc.

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)

 

 

Delaware

85-3447553

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

2722 Michelson Drive, Suite 100

Irvine, CA

92612

(Address of principal executive offices)

(Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (949) 861-8888

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class

 

Trading Symbol(s)

 

Name of each exchange on which registered

Class A common stock, par value $0.001 per share

 

DSP

 

The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC

(Nasdaq Global Select Market)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.     Yes  ☒    No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).     Yes  ☒    No  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer

 

  

Accelerated filer

 

 

 

 

 

Non-accelerated filer

 

  

Smaller reporting company

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Emerging growth company

 

 

 

 

 

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).     Yes  ☐    No  

 

As of May 13, 2021, there were 11,500,000 shares and 47,435,559 shares of the registrant’s Class A and Class B common stock, respectively, $0.001 par value per share, outstanding.

 

 


 

 

Table of Contents

 

 

 

Page

PART I.

FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1.

Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)

3

 

A.

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

3

 

B.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations

4

 

C.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Convertible Preferred Units and Equity

5

 

D.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

6

 

E.

Condensed Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

7

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

19

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

31

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

31

PART II.

OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 1.

Legal Proceedings

33

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

33

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

33

Item 3.

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

33

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

33

Item 5.

Other Information

33

Item 6.

Exhibits

34

Signatures

35

 

 

 


 

 

PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited).

VIANT TECHNOLOGY INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(In thousands, except share/unit data)

 

 

 

As of March 31,

 

 

As of December 31,

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash

 

$

246,585

 

 

$

9,629

 

Accounts receivable, net of allowances

 

 

58,253

 

 

 

89,767

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

 

5,044

 

 

 

4,487

 

Total current assets

 

 

309,882

 

 

 

103,883

 

Property, equipment, and software, net

 

 

16,419

 

 

 

13,829

 

Intangible assets, net

 

 

2,708

 

 

 

3,015

 

Goodwill

 

 

12,422

 

 

 

12,422

 

Other assets

 

 

371

 

 

 

371

 

Total assets

 

$

341,802

 

 

$

133,520

 

Liabilities, convertible preferred units and stockholders' equity/members' equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

 

$

27,219

 

 

$

29,763

 

Accrued liabilities

 

 

13,220

 

 

 

24,677

 

Accrued compensation

 

 

7,656

 

 

 

9,711

 

Current portion of long-term debt

 

 

5,365

 

 

 

3,353

 

Current portion of deferred revenue

 

 

1,887

 

 

 

2,725

 

Accrued member tax distributions

 

 

 

 

 

6,878

 

Other current liabilities

 

 

1,238

 

 

 

2,549

 

Total current liabilities

 

 

56,585

 

 

 

79,656

 

Long-term debt

 

 

18,170

 

 

 

20,182

 

Long-term portion of deferred revenue

 

 

5,902

 

 

 

5,612

 

Other long-term liabilities

 

 

382

 

 

 

453

 

Total liabilities

 

 

81,039

 

 

 

105,903

 

Commitments and contingencies (Note 12)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Convertible preferred units

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2019 convertible preferred units, no par value; none issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2021

   and 600,000 units authorized, issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2020; liquidation

   preference $5,444 as of December 31, 2020

 

 

 

 

 

7,500

 

Members' equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common units, no par value; none issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2021 and 400,000 units

   authorized, issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2020

 

 

 

 

 

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

 

 

 

 

92,187

 

Accumulated deficit

 

 

 

 

 

(72,070

)

Stockholders’ equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock, $0.001 par value, 10,000,000 shares authorized, none issued and

    outstanding as of March 31, 2021

 

 

 

 

 

 

Class A common stock, $0.001 par value; 450,000,000 shares authorized and

   11,500,000 shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2021

 

 

12

 

 

 

 

Class B common stock, $0.001 par value; 150,000,000 shares authorized and

   47,435,559 shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2021

 

 

47

 

 

 

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

 

67,656

 

 

 

 

Accumulated deficit

 

 

(3,104

)

 

 

 

Total stockholders' equity attributable to Viant Technology Inc./members' equity

 

 

64,611

 

 

 

20,117

 

Noncontrolling interests

 

 

196,152

 

 

 

 

Total equity

 

 

260,763

 

 

 

20,117

 

Total liabilities, convertible preferred units and stockholders' equity/members' equity

 

$

341,802

 

 

$

133,520

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

3


 

VIANT TECHNOLOGY INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(In thousands, except per share/unit data)

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

Revenue

 

$

40,144

 

 

$

38,160

 

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Platform operations

 

 

24,344

 

 

 

23,603

 

Sales and marketing

 

 

14,185

 

 

 

7,130

 

Technology and development

 

 

5,900

 

 

 

2,150

 

General and administrative

 

 

10,420

 

 

 

4,656

 

Total operating expenses

 

 

54,849

 

 

 

37,539

 

Income (loss) from operations

 

 

(14,705

)

 

 

621

 

Interest expense, net

 

 

235

 

 

 

281

 

Other expense (income), net

 

 

(70

)

 

 

11

 

Total other expense, net

 

 

165

 

 

 

292

 

Net income (loss)

 

 

(14,870

)

 

 

329

 

Less: Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests

 

 

(11,766

)

 

 

 

Net income (loss) attributable to Viant Technology Inc.

 

$

(3,104

)

 

$

329

 

Earnings (loss) per Class A common stock/unit:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

$

(0.27

)

 

$

0.33

 

Diluted

 

$

(0.27

)

 

$

0.33

 

Weighted-average Class A common stock/units outstanding:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Basic

 

 

11,500

 

 

 

400

 

Diluted

 

 

11,500

 

 

 

1,000

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

4


 

 

VIANT TECHNOLOGY INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CONVERTIBLE PREFERRED UNITS AND EQUITY

(In thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

Convertible

Preferred Units

 

 

 

Common

Units

 

 

Class A

Common Stock

 

 

Class B

Common Stock

 

 

Additional

Paid-In

 

 

Accumulated

 

 

Members'

 

 

Noncontrolling

 

 

Total

 

 

 

Units

 

 

Amount

 

 

 

Units

 

 

Amount

 

 

Shares

 

 

Amount

 

 

Shares

 

 

Amount

 

 

Capital

 

 

Deficit

 

 

Equity

 

 

Interests

 

 

Equity

 

Balance as of

   December 31,

   2020

 

 

600

 

 

$

7,500

 

 

 

 

400

 

 

$

 

 

 

 

 

$

 

 

 

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

20,117

 

 

$

 

 

$

20,117

 

Net income

   prior to

   Reorganization

   Transactions

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

669

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

669

 

Effect of

   Reorganization

   Transactions

 

 

(600

)

 

 

(7,500

)

 

 

 

(400

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

48,936

 

 

 

49

 

 

 

28,237

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(20,786

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

7,500

 

Issuance of

   Class A

   common stock

   in initial public

   offering, net of

   underwriting

   and offering costs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

11,500

 

 

 

12

 

 

 

(1,500

)

 

 

(2

)

 

 

228,175

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

228,185

 

Allocation of

   equity to

   noncontrolling

   interests

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(208,587

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

208,587

 

 

 

 

Accrued

   member tax

   distributions

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

75

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

75

 

Stock-based

   compensation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

19,756

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

19,756

 

Net loss

   subsequent to

   Reorganization

   Transactions

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(3,104

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

(12,435

)

 

 

(15,539

)

Balance as of

   March 31, 2021

 

 

 

 

$

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

 

 

 

11,500

 

 

$

12

 

 

 

47,436

 

 

$

47

 

 

$

67,656

 

 

$

(3,104

)

 

$

 

 

$

196,152

 

 

$

260,763

 

 

 

 

Convertible

Preferred Units

 

 

 

Common

Units

 

 

Additional

Paid-In

 

 

Accumulated

 

 

Total Members'

 

 

 

Units

 

 

Amount

 

 

 

Units

 

 

Amount

 

 

Capital

 

 

Deficit

 

 

Equity

 

Balance as of December 31, 2019

 

 

600

 

 

$

7,500

 

 

 

 

400

 

 

$

 

 

$

92,187

 

 

$

(76,982

)

 

$

15,205

 

Accrued member tax distributions

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(390

)

 

 

(390

)

Net income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

329

 

 

 

329

 

Balance as of March 31, 2020

 

 

600

 

 

$

7,500

 

 

 

 

400

 

 

$

 

 

$

92,187

 

 

$

(77,043

)

 

$

15,144

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 

5


 

 

VIANT TECHNOLOGY INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(In thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

Cash flows from operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

 

$

(14,870

)

 

$

329

 

Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

 

2,427

 

 

 

2,614

 

Stock-based compensation

 

 

17,090

 

 

 

 

Recovery of doubtful accounts

 

 

(194

)

 

 

(197

)

Loss on disposal of assets

 

 

8

 

 

 

 

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts receivable

 

 

31,708

 

 

 

5,042

 

Prepaid expenses and other assets

 

 

(2,793

)

 

 

42

 

Accounts payable

 

 

(3,416

)

 

 

3,640

 

Accrued liabilities

 

 

(11,213

)

 

 

(4,859

)

Accrued compensation

 

 

(2,055

)

 

 

(1,019

)

Deferred revenue

 

 

(547

)

 

 

(792

)

Other liabilities

 

 

(1,382

)

 

 

(1,293

)

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

 

14,763

 

 

 

3,507

 

Cash flows from investing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purchases of property and equipment

 

 

(167

)

 

 

(30

)

Capitalized software development costs

 

 

(1,893

)

 

 

(1,907

)

Net cash used in investing activities

 

 

(2,060

)

 

 

(1,937

)

Cash flows from financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from issuance of common stock, net of underwriting discounts

 

 

232,500

 

 

 

 

Payment of member tax distributions

 

 

(6,805

)

 

 

 

Payment of offering costs

 

 

(1,442

)

 

 

 

Net cash provided by financing activities

 

 

224,253

 

 

 

 

Net increase in cash

 

 

236,956

 

 

 

1,570

 

Cash at beginning of period

 

 

9,629

 

 

 

4,815

 

Cash at end of period

 

$

246,585

 

 

$

6,385

 

Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash paid for interest

 

$

175

 

 

$

429

 

Supplemental disclosure of non-cash investing and financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stock-based compensation included in capitalized software development costs

 

 

2,666

 

 

 

 

Accrued member tax distributions recorded in other current liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

2,089

 

Offering costs recorded in accounts payable

 

 

1,167

 

 

 

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

6


 

 

VIANT TECHNOLOGY INC.

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(Unaudited)

1. Nature of Operations

Viant Technology Inc. (the “Company,” “we,” “us,” “our” or “Viant”) was incorporated in the State of Delaware on October 9, 2020 for the purpose of facilitating an Initial Public Offering and other related transactions. The Company operates a demand side platform (“DSP”), Adelphic, an enterprise software platform that is used by marketers and their advertising agencies to centralize the planning, buying and measurement of their advertising across channels, including desktop, mobile, connected TV, linear TV, streaming audio and digital billboards.

On February 9, 2021, the Company’s Form S-1 was declared effective by the SEC related to the IPO of its Class A common stock. The closing date of the IPO was February 12, 2021, and in connection with the closing and the corporate reorganization (the “Reorganization Transactions”), the following actions were taken:

 

The Company amended and restated its certificate of incorporation, under which the Company is authorized to issue up to 450,000,000 shares of Class A common stock, up to 150,000,000 shares of Class B common stock, and up to 10,000,000 shares of preferred stock;

 

The limited liability company agreement of Viant Technology LLC was amended and restated (as amended and restated, the “Viant Technology LLC Agreement”) to, among other things, provide for Class A units and Class B units and appoint the Company as the sole managing member of Viant Technology LLC;

 

The Viant Technology LLC Agreement classifies the interests acquired by the Company as Class A units and reclassified the interests held by the continuing members of Viant Technology LLC as Class B units, and permits the continuing members of Viant Technology LLC to exchange Class B units for shares of Class A common stock on a one-for-one basis or, at the election of Viant Technology Inc., for cash at the current fair value on the date of the exchange. Immediately following such reclassification, the continuing members held 48,935,559 Class B units. For each membership unit of Viant Technology LLC that is reclassified as a Class B unit, the Company issued one corresponding share of our Class B common stock to the continuing members, or 48,935,559 shares of Class B common stock in total;

 

The Company issued and sold 10,000,000 shares of its Class A common stock to the underwriters at an initial public offering price of $25.00 per share, for gross proceeds of $250.0 million before deducting underwriting discounts and commissions of $17.5 million;

 

The Company used the net proceeds of $232.5 million to acquire 10,000,000 newly issued Class A units of Viant Technology LLC at a per-unit price equal to the per-share price paid by the underwriters for shares of our Class A common stock;

 

The underwriters exercised their option to purchase 1,500,000 additional shares of Class A common stock from the selling stockholders. The Company did not receive any proceeds from the sale of shares by the selling stockholders. Pursuant to such exercise, the selling stockholders exchanged the corresponding number of Class B units for the shares of Class A common stock, the corresponding number of shares of Class B common stock were automatically retired, and 1,500,000 Class A units were issued to the Company;

 

The Class B stockholders and Class A stockholders will initially have 80.5% and 19.5%, respectively, of the combined voting power of the Company’s common stock. The Class A common stock outstanding will represent 100% of the rights of the holders of all classes of the Company’s outstanding common stock to share in distributions from the Company, except for the right of Class B stockholders to receive the par value of the Class B common stock upon our liquidation, dissolution or winding up or an exchange of Class B units.

 

The Company entered into a Registration Rights Agreement with the Class B stockholders to provide for certain rights and restrictions after the IPO.

 

The 2020 Equity Based Incentive Compensation Plan (the “Phantom Unit Plan”) under Viant Technology LLC, was terminated and replaced in conjunction with the adoption of the Company’s 2021 Long Term Incentive Plan (the “LITP”)

7


 

Immediately following the closing of the IPO, Viant Technology LLC is the predecessor of the Company for financial reporting purposes. The Company is a holding company, and its sole material asset is its equity interest in Viant Technology LLC. As the sole managing member of Viant Technology LLC, the Company operates and controls all of the business and affairs of Viant Technology LLC. The Reorganization Transactions are accounted for as a reorganization of entities under common control. As a result, the condensed consolidated financial statements of the Company recognize the assets and liabilities received in the Reorganization Transactions at their historical carrying amounts, as reflected in the historical consolidated financial statements of Viant Technology LLC. The Company will consolidate Viant Technology LLC on its condensed consolidated financial statements and record a noncontrolling interest related to the Class B units held by the Class B stockholders on its condensed consolidated balance sheet and statement of operations.

2. Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Basis of Presentation and Principles of Consolidation

The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) for interim financial information which are unaudited and include the operations of the Company, Viant Technology LLC and its wholly owned subsidiaries. Viant Technology LLC is considered a variable interest entity, or VIE. The Company is the primary beneficiary and sole managing member of Viant Technology LLC and has decision making authority that significantly affects the economic performance of the entity. As a result, the Company consolidates Viant Technology LLC. All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

Viant Technology LLC has been determined to be the predecessor for accounting purposes and, accordingly, the condensed consolidated financial statements for periods prior to the IPO and the related organizational transactions have been adjusted to combine the previously separate entities for presentation purposes. Amounts for the period from January 1, 2020 through February 11, 2021 presented in the condensed consolidated financial statements and notes to condensed consolidated financial statements herein represent the historical operations of Viant Technology LLC. The amounts as of March 31, 2021 and for the period from February 12, 2021 reflect the consolidated operations of the Company.

Management believes that the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments, which include only normal recurring adjustments, necessary for the fair statement of its balance sheet as of March 31, 2021, results of operations for the three months ended March 31,2021 and 2020, and cash flows for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020. The balance sheet as of December 31, 2020 was derived from the audited annual financial statements but does not contain all of the footnote disclosures from the annual financial statements. Certain information and disclosures normally included in consolidated financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP have been omitted. Accordingly, these condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements and related notes included in its Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020.

The consolidated results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2021 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the year ending December 31, 2021, or for any other future annual or interim period.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the condensed consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. On an on-going basis, management evaluates its estimates, primarily those related to revenue recognition, stock-based compensation, income taxes, allowances for doubtful accounts, the useful lives of capitalized software development costs and other property, equipment and software, assumptions used in the impairment analyses of long-lived assets and goodwill, deferred revenue and accrued liabilities. These estimates are based on historical data and experience, as well as various other factors that management believes to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying amount of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.

As of March 31, 2021, the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business continues to evolve. As a result, many of our estimates and assumptions consider macro-economic factors in the market, which require increased judgment and carry a higher degree of variability and volatility. As events continue to evolve and additional information becomes available, our estimates may change materially in future periods.

8


 

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

Financial instruments consist of cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable and accrued liabilities. The carrying amounts of the Company’s current financial assets and current financial liabilities are considered to be representative of their respective fair values because of the short- term nature of those instruments.

Stock-Based Compensation

Stock-based compensation relates to equity awards granted under the Company’s 2021 LTIP, which is measured and recognized in the condensed consolidated financial statements based on the fair value of the equity award granted. Since inception of the 2021 LTIP, the Company has only granted restricted stock units (“RSUs”). The fair value of RSUs is calculated using the closing market price of the Company’s common stock on the date of grant. Stock-based compensation is related to RSUs granted in connection with our recent IPO to certain employees and board members, pursuant to the 2021 LTIP, where a portion of RSUs awarded to employees will vest upon expiration of the 180 day IPO lock-up period and the remainder of which will continue to vest through the applicable vesting dates, subject to continued employment for employee grants. RSUs awarded to board members will vest quarterly and annually through the applicable vesting dates.  

Comprehensive Income (Loss)

For the periods presented, net income (loss) is equal to comprehensive income (loss).

Noncontrolling Interests

The noncontrolling interests represent the economic interests of Viant Technology LLC held by Class B common stockholders. Income or loss is attributed to the noncontrolling interests based on the weighted average LLC interests outstanding during the period. The noncontrolling interests’ ownership percentage can fluctuate over time as the Class B common stockholders elect to exchange their shares of Class B common stock for Class A common stock.

Earnings (Loss) Per Share

Basic earnings (loss) per share is calculated by dividing the earnings (loss) attributable to Class A common stockholders by the number of weighted-average shares of Class A common stock outstanding. Shares of our Class B common stock do not share in the earnings or losses of the Company and are therefore not participating securities. As such, separate presentation of basic and diluted earnings (loss) per share of Class B common stock under the two-class method has not been presented.

Diluted earnings (loss) per share adjusts the basic earnings (loss) per share calculation for the potential dilutive impact of common shares such as equity awards using the treasury-stock method. Diluted earnings (loss) per share considers the impact of potentially dilutive securities except in periods in which there is a loss because the inclusion of the potential common shares would have an anti-dilutive effect. Shares of our Class B common stock are considered potentially dilutive shares of Class A common stock; however, related amounts have been excluded from the computation of diluted earnings (loss) per share of Class A common stock because the effect would have been anti-dilutive under the if-converted and two-class methods.

Earnings (Loss) Per Unit

Basic earnings (loss) per unit is calculated by dividing the earnings (loss) attributable to common unitholders by the number of weighted-average common units outstanding. The Company applies the two-class method to allocate earnings between common and convertible preferred units.

Diluted earnings (loss) per unit adjusts the basic earnings (loss) per unit attributable to common unitholders and the weighted-average number of units of common units outstanding for the potential dilutive impact of common units, using the treasury-stock method, and convertible preferred units using the as-if-converted method. Diluted earnings (loss) per unit considers the impact of potentially dilutive securities except in periods in which there is a loss because the inclusion of the potential common units would have an anti-dilutive effect.

9


 

Accounts Receivable, Net of Allowances

The following table presents changes in the allowance for doubtful accounts for the three months ended March 31, 2021:

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

Balance as of December 31, 2020

 

$

335

 

Recovery of doubtful accounts

 

 

(194

)

Write-offs, net of recoveries

 

 

(126

)

Balance as of March 31, 2021

 

$

15

 

 

 

Deferred Offering Costs

Deferred offering costs consisted primarily of accounting, legal, and other costs related to our IPO. As of December 31, 2020, the Company capitalized $2.2 million of deferred offering costs within prepaid expenses and other current assets in the condensed consolidated balance sheet. Upon consummation of the IPO which occurred in February 2021, total deferred offering costs of $4.3 million were reclassified as additional paid-in capital within stockholders’ equity and recorded against the proceeds from the offering.

Concentration of Risk

Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to concentration of credit risk consist principally of cash and accounts receivable. The Company maintains its cash with financial institutions and its cash levels exceed the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) federally insured limits. Accounts receivable include amounts due from customers with principal operations primarily in the United States.

As of March 31, 2021, one individual customer accounted for 14.6% of consolidated accounts receivable. As of December 31, 2020, one individual customer accounted for 13.7% of consolidated accounts receivable. For the three months ended March 31, 2021, two individual customers accounted for 17.2% and 11.1% of consolidated revenue, respectively. For the three months ended March 31, 2020, no individual customers accounted for more than 10% of consolidated revenue. For the three months ended March 31, 2021, one advertising agency holding company accounted for 13.5% of consolidated revenue. For the three months ended March 31, 2020, three advertising agency holding companies accounted for 13.9%, 11.7%, and 11.4% of consolidated revenue, respectively. As of March 31, 2021, one individual supplier accounted for 13.3% of consolidated accounts payable and accrued liabilities. As of December 31, 2020, three suppliers accounted for 15.5%, 11.5%, and 10.9% of consolidated accounts payable and accrued liabilities, respectively.                                                            

Income Taxes

The Company is the managing member of Viant Technology LLC and, as a result, consolidates the financial results of Viant Technology LLC in the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements. Viant Technology LLC is a pass-through entity for U.S. federal and most applicable state and local income tax purposes following a corporate reorganization effected in connection with our initial public offering. As an entity classified as a partnership for tax purposes, Viant Technology LLC is not subject to U.S. federal and certain state and local income taxes. Any taxable income or loss generated by Viant Technology LLC is passed through to, and included in the taxable income or loss of its members, including us. The Company is taxed as a corporation and pays corporate federal, state and local taxes with respect to income allocated from Viant Technology LLC, based on Viant Technology Inc.'s 19.5% economic interest in Viant Technology LLC.

The Company accounts for income taxes under the asset and liability method, which requires the recognition of deferred tax assets and liabilities (“DTAs” and “DTLs”) for the expected future tax consequences of events that have been included in the financial statements. Under this method, we determine DTAs and DTLs on the basis of the differences between the financial statement and tax bases of assets and liabilities by using enacted tax rates in effect for the year in which the differences are expected to reverse. The effect of a change in tax rates on DTAs and DTLs is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date. We recognize DTAs to the extent that we believe that these assets are more likely than not to be realized. In making such a determination, we consider all available positive and negative evidence, including future reversals of existing taxable temporary differences, projected future taxable income, tax-planning strategies, carryback potential if permitted under the tax law, and results of recent operations. If we determine that we would be able to realize our DTAs in the future in excess of their net recorded amount, we would make an adjustment to the DTA valuation allowance, which would reduce the provision for income taxes.

10


 

The Company records uncertain tax positions in accordance with ASC 740 on the basis of a two-step process in which (1) we determine whether it is more likely than not that the tax positions will be sustained on the basis of the technical merits of the position and (2) for those tax positions that meet the more-likely-than-not recognition threshold, we recognize the largest amount of tax benefit that is more than 50 percent likely to be realized upon ultimate settlement with the related tax authority.

Tax Receivable Agreement

The Company expects to obtain an increase in its share of tax basis in the net assets of Viant Technology LLC when Class B units are exchanged by the holders of Class B units for shares of Class A common stock of the Company and upon other qualifying transactions. Each change in outstanding shares of Class A common stock of the Company results in a corresponding increase or decrease in the Company's ownership of Class A units of Viant Technology LLC. The Company intends to treat any exchanges of Class B units as direct purchases of LLC interests for U.S. federal income tax purposes. These increases in tax basis may reduce the amounts that Viant Technology Inc. would otherwise pay in the future to various taxing authorities. They may also decrease gains (or increase losses) on future dispositions of certain capital assets to the extent tax basis is allocated to those capital assets.

In connection with the IPO, the Company entered into a Tax Receivable Agreement (“TRA”) with Viant Technology LLC and the holders of Class B units of Viant Technology LLC (the “Members”). In the event that such parties exchange any or all of their Class B units for Class A common stock, the TRA requires the Company to make payments to such holders for 85% of the tax benefits realized, or in some cases deemed to be realized, by the Company by such exchange as a result of (i) increases in the Company’s tax basis of its ownership interest in the net assets of Viant Technology LLC resulting from any redemptions or exchanges of noncontrolling interest, (ii) tax basis increases attributable to payments made under the TRA, and (iii) deductions attributable to imputed interest pursuant to the TRA (the “TRA Payments”). The annual tax benefits are computed by calculating the income taxes due, including such tax benefits, and the income taxes due without such benefits. The Company expects to benefit from the remaining 15% of any tax benefits that it may actually realize. The TRA Payments are not conditioned upon any continued ownership interest in Viant Technology LLC or the Company. To the extent that the Company is unable to timely make payments under the TRA for any reason, such payments generally will be deferred and will accrue interest until paid.

The timing and amount of aggregate payments due under the TRA may vary based on a number of factors, including the amount and timing of the taxable income the Company generates each year and the tax rate then applicable. The Company calculates the liability under the TRA using a complex TRA model, which includes an assumption related to the fair market value of assets. The payment obligations under the TRA are obligations of Viant Technology Inc. and not of Viant Technology LLC. Payments are generally due under the TRA within a specified period of time following the filing of the Company’s tax return for the taxable year with respect to which the payment obligation arises, although interest on such payments will begin to accrue at a rate of the Secured Overnight Financing Rate (“SOFR”) plus 500 basis points from the due date (without extensions) of such tax return.

The TRA provides that if (i) certain mergers, asset sales, other forms of business combinations, or other changes of control were to occur, (ii) there is a material breach of any material obligations under the TRA; or (iii) the Company elects an early termination of the TRA, then the TRA will terminate and the Company's obligations, or the Company's successor’s obligations, under the TRA will accelerate and become due and payable, based on certain assumptions, including an assumption that the Company would have sufficient taxable income to fully utilize all potential future tax benefits that are subject to the TRA and that any Class B units that have not been exchanged are deemed exchanged for the fair market value of the Company's Class A common stock at the time of termination.

Recent Issued Accounting Pronouncements

On April 5, 2012, the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act (the “JOBS Act”) was signed into law. The JOBS Act contains provisions that, among other things, reduce certain reporting requirements for qualifying public companies. As an “emerging growth company,” the Company may, under Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act, delay adoption of new or revised accounting standards applicable to public companies until such standards would otherwise apply to private companies. An “emerging growth company” is one with less than $1.07 billion in annual sales, has less than $700 million in market value of its shares of common stock held by non-affiliates and issues less than $1 billion of non-convertible debt over a three year period. The Company may take advantage of this extended transition period until the first to occur of the date that it (i) is no longer an “emerging growth company” or (ii) affirmatively and irrevocably opts out of this extended transition period.

11


 

The Company has elected to take advantage of the benefits of this extended transition period. Until the date that the Company is no longer an “emerging growth company” or affirmatively and irrevocably opts out of the exemption provided by Securities Act Section 7(a)(2)(B), upon issuance of a new or revised accounting standard that applies to its condensed consolidated financial statements and that has a different effective date for public and private companies, the Company will disclose the date on which it will adopt the recently issued accounting standard.

In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), which requires an entity to recognize right-of-use assets and lease liabilities on its balance sheet and disclose key information about leasing arrangements. The guidance offers specific accounting guidance for a lessee, lessor, and sale and leaseback transactions. Lessees and lessors are required to disclose qualitative and quantitative information about leasing arrangements to enable a user of the financial statements to assess the amount, timing and uncertainty of cash flows arising from leases. Leases will be classified as either finance or operating, with the classification affecting the pattern of expense recognition in the income statement. In March 2019, the FASB issued ASU No. 2019-01 which made further targeted improvements including clarification regarding the determination of fair value of lease assets and liabilities and statement of cash flows and presentation guidance. In June 2020, FASB issued ASU 2020-05, which extended the effective date of this guidance for non-public entities to fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021. As a part of the Company’s election under the JOBS Act, the guidance is effective for the Company’s annual reporting period beginning after December 15, 2021. The Company is currently assessing the impact this guidance will have on the condensed consolidated financial statements.

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments—Credit Losses (Topic 326). ASU 2016-13 revises the impairment model to utilize an expected loss methodology in place of the currently used incurred loss methodology, which will result in more timely recognition of losses on financial instruments, including, but not limited to, available for sale debt securities and accounts receivable. The guidance is effective for the Company’s annual reporting period beginning after December 15, 2022. The Company does not expect the adoption of this ASU to have a material impact on the condensed consolidated financial statements.

In September 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-15, Intangibles—Goodwill and Other—Internal-Use Software (Subtopic 350-40): Customer’s Accounting for Implementation Costs Incurred in a Cloud Computing Arrangement That Is a Service Contract (a consensus of the FASB Emerging Issues Task Force), which aligns the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs incurred in a hosting arrangement that is a service contract with the requirements for capitalizing implementation costs incurred to develop or obtain internal-use software. Early adoption is permitted and can be applied prospectively to all implementation costs incurred after the date of adoption or retrospectively. This guidance is effective for the Company’s annual reporting period beginning after December 15, 2020. The Company adopted this ASU prospectively on January 1, 2021, and the adoption of this ASU did not have a material impact on the condensed consolidated financial statements.

In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-12, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes ("ASU 2019-12"). ASU 2019-12 removes certain exceptions to the general principles in Topic 740 and also clarifies and amends existing guidance to improve consistent application. This guidance is effective for the Company’s annual reporting period beginning after December 15, 2020. The Company adopted ASU 2019-12 prospectively on January 1, 2021, and the adoption of this ASU did not have a material impact on the condensed consolidated financial statements.

In October 2020, the FASB issued ASU No. 2020-10, Codification Improvementswhich updates various codification topics by clarifying disclosure requirements to align with the SEC's regulations. The guidance is effective for the Company’s annual reporting period beginning after December 15, 2021. The Company is currently assessing the impact this guidance will have on the condensed consolidated financial statements.

3. Revenue

The disaggregation of revenue was as follows:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

Over-time revenue

 

$

1,105

 

 

$

1,273

 

Point-in-time revenue

 

 

39,039

 

 

 

36,887

 

Total revenue

 

$

40,144

 

 

$

38,160

 

12


 

 

Remaining performance obligations for contracts with an original expected duration of greater than one year amounted to $7.8 million and $8.3 million as of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively, which primarily relate to deferred revenue and data management and advanced reporting services. As of March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, $1.9 million and $3.6 million, respectively, is expected to be recognized within one year, with the remaining amounts expected to be recognized thereafter.

During the three months ended March 31, 2021, we recognized $0.5 million of revenue related to amounts that were included in deferred revenue as of December 31, 2020. The revenue recognized from the contract liabilities consisted of the Company satisfying performance obligations during the normal course of business. Deferred revenue that is anticipated to be recognized during the succeeding 12-month period is recorded in current portion of deferred revenue and the remaining amount is recorded as non-current portion of deferred revenue within the condensed consolidated balance sheets.

4. Property, Equipment and Software, Net

Major classes of property, equipment and software were as follows:

 

 

 

As of

March 31,

 

 

As of

December 31,

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

Capitalized software development costs

 

$

48,187

 

 

$

43,627

 

Computer equipment

 

 

1,708

 

 

 

1,575

 

Purchased software

 

 

32

 

 

 

32

 

Furniture, fixtures and office equipment

 

 

1,087

 

 

 

1,087

 

Leasehold improvements

 

 

2,125

 

 

 

2,115

 

Total property, equipment and software

 

 

53,139

 

 

 

48,436

 

Less: Accumulated depreciation

 

 

(36,720

)

 

 

(34,607

)

Total property, equipment and software, net

 

$

16,419

 

 

$

13,829

 

 

Depreciation recorded in the condensed consolidated statements of operations was as follows:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

Platform operations

 

$

1,578

 

 

$

1,762

 

Sales and marketing

 

 

 

 

 

 

Technology and development

 

 

381

 

 

 

401

 

General and administrative

 

 

161

 

 

 

144

 

Total

 

$

2,120

 

 

$

2,307

 

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, total interest cost incurred was $0.2 million and $0.3 million, respectively. The Company capitalized interest costs of $5,000 to capitalized software development costs for the three months ended March 31, 2021.

5. Intangible Assets, Net

The balances of intangibles assets and accumulated amortization are as follows:

 

 

 

As of March 31, 2021

 

 

 

Remaining

Weighted

Average

Useful Life

 

 

Gross

Amount

 

 

Accumulated

Amortization

 

 

Net

Carrying

Amount

 

 

 

(in years)

 

 

(in thousands)

 

Developed technology

 

 

1.8

 

 

$

4,927

 

 

$

(3,643

)

 

$

1,284

 

Customer relationships

 

 

2.8

 

 

 

2,300

 

 

 

(1,369

)

 

 

931

 

Trademarks/tradenames

 

 

4.1

 

 

 

1,400

 

 

 

(907

)

 

 

493

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

$

8,627

 

 

$

(5,919

)

 

$

2,708

 

13


 

 

 

 

 

As of December 31, 2020

 

 

 

Remaining

Weighted

Average

Useful Life

 

 

Gross

Amount

 

 

Accumulated

Amortization

 

 

Net

Carrying

Amount

 

 

 

(in years)

 

 

(in thousands)

 

Developed technology

 

 

2.1

 

 

$

4,927

 

 

$

(3,469

)

 

$

1,458

 

Customer relationships

 

 

3.1

 

 

 

2,300

 

 

 

(1,287

)

 

 

1,013

 

Trademarks/tradenames

 

 

4.2

 

 

 

1,400

 

 

 

(856

)

 

 

544

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

$

8,627

 

 

$

(5,612

)

 

$

3,015

 

 

Amortization recorded in the condensed consolidated statements of operations was as follows:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended March 31,

 

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

 

 

(in thousands)

 

Platform operations

 

$

175

 

 

$

175

 

Sales and marketing

 

 

 

 

 

 

Technology and development

 

 

 

 

 

 

General and administrative

 

 

132

 

 

 

132

 

Total

 

$

307

 

 

$

307

 

 

Estimated future amortization of intangible assets as of March 31, 2021 is as follows:

 

 

 

As of March 31, 2021

 

Year

 

(in thousands)

 

Remainder of 2021

 

$

923

 

2022

 

 

1,119

 

2023

 

 

467

 

2024

 

 

107

 

2025

 

 

80

 

Thereafter