dsp-20230404
0001828791false00018287912023-04-042023-04-04

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
__________________________________________________________________
FORM 8-K
CURRENT REPORT
Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
Date of Report (Date of earliest event reported): April 4, 2023
__________________________________________________________________
https://cdn.kscope.io/bcbc1eab44c7fbee43d5af9af4a5924d-Viant.jpg
Viant Technology Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
__________________________________________________________________
Delaware001-4001585-3447553
(State or other jurisdiction
of incorporation)
(Commission File Number)
(IRS Employer
Identification No.)
2722 Michelson DriveSuite 100
IrvineCA92612
(Address of principal executive offices and zip code)
(949861-8888
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code
__________________________________________________________________
Check the appropriate box below if the Form 8-K filing is intended to simultaneously satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant under any of the following provisions:
oWritten communications pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities Act (17 CFR 230.425)
oSoliciting material pursuant to Rule 14a-12 under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14a-12)
oPre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 14d-2(b) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14d-2(b))
oPre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 13e-4(c) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.13e-4(c))
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Class A common stock, par value $0.001 per shareDSP
The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC
(Nasdaq Global Select Market)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933 (§230.405 of this chapter) or Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (§ 240.12b-2 of this chapter).
Emerging growth company x
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o



Item 1.01 Entry into a Material Definitive Agreement.
On April 4, 2023 (the “Amendment Effective Date”), Viant Technology Inc. (the “Company”) and certain of its subsidiaries party thereto, as co-borrowers (together with the Company, the “Borrowers”), entered into the Sixth Amendment to the Revolving Credit and Security Agreement and Guaranty (the “Amendment”) with the lenders referred to therein (the “Lenders”) and PNC Bank, National Association, as agent for the Lenders, which amended that certain Revolving Credit and Security Agreement and Guaranty, dated October 31, 2019 (as amended, the “Loan Agreement”). The Amendment provides for an increase in the revolving commitments under the Loan Agreement to $75,000,000, and pushes the maturity date out to five years following the Amendment Effective Date. The Amendment also transitioned the loans under the Loan Agreement to be made at Term SOFR instead of LIBOR.
The obligations of the Borrowers under the Loan Agreement are secured by certain assets of the Borrowers, including substantially all of the assets of the Company. The loans incurred under the Loan Agreement will bear interest at Term SOFR plus 2.00%, subject to an increase to 2.25% based on the average undrawn availability under the Loan Agreement.
The foregoing description of the Amendment does not purport to be complete and is qualified in its entirety by reference to the complete text of the Amendment filed as Exhibit 10.1 attached hereto.
Item 2.03 Creation of a Direct Financial Obligation or an Obligation under an Off-Balance Sheet Arrangement of a Registrant.
The information set forth in Item 1.01 above regarding the Amendment is incorporated by reference into this Item 2.03.
Item 7.01 Regulation FD Disclosure.
The Company estimates that as of March 31, 2023, its total cash and cash equivalents was $201.7 million and the outstanding principal amount under the Loan Agreement was $0.
The information in this Item 7.01 is being furnished and shall not be deemed to be “filed” for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”) or otherwise subject to the liabilities of that Section, nor shall such information be deemed to be incorporated by reference in any registration statement or other document filed under the Securities Act or the Exchange Act except as otherwise stated in such filing.
Item 9.01 Financial Statements and Exhibits.
(d) Exhibits.
Exhibit
Number
Description
10.1
104Cover Page Interactive Data File (embedded within the Inline XBRL document)

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SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
VIANT TECHNOLOGY INC.
Date: April 6, 2023By:/s/ Larry Madden
Larry Madden
Chief Financial Officer
2
Document
Exhibit 10.1

Execution Version
SIXTH AMENDMENT TO REVOLVING CREDIT AND SECURITY AGREEMENT AND GUARANTY
THIS SIXTH AMENDMENT TO REVOLVING CREDIT AND SECURITY AGREEMENT AND GUARANTY (this “Amendment”), dated as of April 4, 2023, is entered by and among VIANT TECHNOLOGY LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (“Viant”), VIANT US LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (“Viant US”), ADELPHIC LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (“Adelphic”), MYSPACE LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (“Myspace”), VIANT TECHNOLOGY INC., a Delaware corporation (“Holdings”, and, together with Viant, Viant US, Adelphic and Myspace, the “Borrowers”, and each a “Borrower”), the Persons which are party to the Credit Agreement as lenders (collectively, the “Lenders” and each individually a “Lender”), and PNC BANK, NATIONAL ASSOCIATION (“PNC”), as agent for the Lenders (PNC, in such capacity, the “Agent”). Terms used herein without definition shall have the meanings ascribed to them in the Credit Agreement defined below.
RECITALS
A.    The Lenders, the Agent and the Borrowers have previously entered into that certain Revolving Credit and Security Agreement and Guaranty, dated as of October 31, 2019, as amended by that certain First Amendment to Revolving Credit and Security Agreement and Guaranty dated as of April 13, 2020, as further amended by that certain Second Amendment to Revolving Credit and Security Agreement and Guaranty dated as of April 30, 2020, as further amended by that certain Third Amendment to Revolving Credit and Security Agreement and Guaranty dated as of May 29, 2020, as further amended by that certain Fourth Amendment to Revolving Credit and Security Agreement and Guaranty dated as of January 29, 2021, and as further amended by that certain Fifth Amendment to Revolving Credit and Security Agreement and Guaranty dated as of October 15, 2021 (as amended, and as further amended, amended and restated, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time, the “Credit Agreement”), pursuant to which the Lenders have made certain loans and financial accommodations available to the Borrowers.
B.    The Borrowers have requested that Agent and the Lenders amend the Credit Agreement on the terms and conditions set forth herein.
C.    The Borrowers are entering into this Amendment with the understanding and agreement that, except as specifically provided herein, none of Agent's or any Lender's rights or remedies as set forth in the Credit Agreement or any Other Document is being waived or modified by the terms of this Amendment.
AGREEMENT
NOW, THEREFORE, in consideration of the foregoing and the mutual covenants herein contained, and for other good and valuable consideration, the receipt and sufficiency of which are hereby acknowledged, the parties hereby agree as follows:
1.    Amendments to Credit Agreement. Effective as of the Amendment Effective Date, the Credit Agreement is hereby amended (a) to delete the red or green stricken text (indicated textually in the same manner as the following examples: stricken text and stricken text) and (b) to add the blue or green double-underlined text (indicated textually in the same manner as the following examples: double-underlined text and double-underlined text), in each case, as set forth in the marked copy of the Credit Agreement attached hereto as Exhibit A hereto and made a part hereof for all purposes.



2.    Amendment Fee. In consideration of the agreements set forth herein, Borrowers hereby agree to pay to Agent:
(a)     an amendment fee, in the amount of forty thousand dollars $40,000.00 (the “Amendment Fee”), which fee is non-refundable when paid and is fully-earned as of and due and payable on the date of this Amendment.
(b)    an closing fee, in the amount of two hundred and ten thousand dollars $210,000.00 (the “Closing Fee”), which fee is non-refundable when paid and is fully-earned as of and due and payable on the date of this Amendment.
3.    Effectiveness of this Amendment. This Amendment shall become effective upon the satisfaction, as determined by the Agent, of the following conditions (the date that all such conditions are satisfied, the “Amendment Effective Date”):
(a)    Amendment. Agent shall have received this Amendment fully executed by each Person signatory hereto in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to Agent.
(b)    Representations and Warranties. Agent shall have received a certificate duly executed by an officer of the Borrowing Agent, on behalf of the other Loan Parties, certifying that the representations and warranties set forth herein must be true and correct in all material respects (or in all respects in the case of any representation and warranty which, by its terms, is qualified as to materiality) on and as of the date hereof as if made on and as of such date except to the extent any such representation or warranty expressly relates only to any earlier and/or specified date, in which case such representation and warranty shall be true and correct in all material respects (or in all respects with respect to any representation or warranty which, by its terms is limited as to materiality) as of such earlier and\or specified date.
(c)    Receipt of Amendment Fee. Agent’s receipt of the Amendment Fee in immediately available funds.
(d)    Receipt of Closing Fee. Agent’s receipt of the Closing Fee in immediately available funds.
(e)    Secretary’s Certificates, Authorizing Resolutions and Good Standings. Agent shall have received a certificate of the Secretary or Assistant Secretary (or other equivalent officer, partner or manager) of the Loan Parties in form and substance satisfactory to Agent in its Permitted Discretion, dated as of the Amendment Effective Date, which shall certify (i) copies of resolutions in form and substance reasonably satisfactory to Agent in its Permitted Discretion, of the board of directors (or other equivalent governing body, member or partner) of the Loan Parties authorizing the execution, delivery and performance of this Amendment and each Other Document executed in connection herewith, and such resolutions have not been amended, modified, revoked or rescinded as of the date of such certificate, (ii) the incumbency and signature of the officers of the Loan Parties authorized to execute this Amendment and the Other Documents; (iii) copies of the Organizational Documents of the Loan Parties as in effect on such date, complete with all amendments thereto, and (iv) good standing (or equivalent status) of the Loan Parties in their jurisdiction of organization and each applicable jurisdiction where the conduct of business activities or the ownership of properties necessitates such qualification (except where failure to obtain authorization to do business in any such jurisdiction could not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect), as evidenced by good standing certificates (or the equivalent thereof issued by any applicable jurisdiction) dated reasonably prior to the Amendment Effective Date, issued by the Secretary of State or other appropriate official of each such jurisdiction.
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(f)    Legal Opinion. Agent shall have received an executed legal opinion of Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher LLP, in form and substance satisfactory to the Agent, which shall cover such customary matters incident to the transactions contemplated by this Amendment, and each Loan Party hereby authorizes and directs such counsel to deliver such opinion to Agent and Lenders.
4.    Representations and Warranties. Each Loan Party represents and warrants, as of the date hereof, as follows:
(a)    Authority. Such Loan Party has full power, authority and legal right to enter into this Amendment and to perform all its respective Obligations hereunder and under the Credit Agreement (as amended hereby) and Other Documents. This Amendment has been duly executed and delivered by each Loan Party, and this Amendment together with the Credit Agreement (as amended hereby) and the Other Documents to which it is a party, constitute the legal, valid and binding obligation of such Loan Party enforceable in accordance with their terms, except as such enforceability may be limited by any applicable bankruptcy, insolvency, moratorium or similar laws affecting creditors’ rights generally. The execution, delivery and performance of this Amendment, together with the Credit Agreement (as amended hereby) and the Other Documents to which it is a party (i) are within such Loan Party’s corporate or company powers, as applicable, have been duly authorized by all necessary corporate or company action, as applicable, are not in contravention of law or the terms of such Loan Party’s Organizational Documents or any Material Contract to which such Loan Party is a party or by which such Loan Party is bound, including the Subordinated Indebtedness Documents and any Permitted Acquisition Documents, (ii) will not conflict with or violate any law or regulation, or any judgment, order or decree of any Governmental Body, except as could not reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect, (iii) will not require the Consent of any Governmental Body, any party to a Material Contract or any other Person, except those Consents set forth on Schedule 5.1 to the Credit Agreement, all of which will have been duly obtained, made or complied with on or prior to the date hereof and which are in full force and effect, except such consents the failure of which to obtain could not reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect, and (iv) will not conflict with, nor result in any breach in any of the provisions of or constitute a default under or result in the creation of any Lien except Permitted Encumbrances upon any asset of such Loan Party under the provisions of any Material Contract including the Subordinated Indebtedness Documents and any Permitted Acquisition Documents.
(b)    Representations and Warranties. Each of the representations and warranties made by any Loan Party in or pursuant to the Credit Agreement (as amended or modified hereby), the Other Documents and any related agreements to which it is a party, and each of the representations and warranties contained in any certificate, document or financial or other statement furnished at any time under or in connection with this Amendment, the Credit Agreement (as amended or modified hereby), the Other Documents or any related agreement, are true and correct in all material respects (or in all respects in the case of any such representation or warranty which, by its terms, is qualified as to materiality) on and as of the date hereof as if made on and as of such date (except to the extent any such representation or warranty expressly relates only to any earlier and/or specified date, in which case such representation or warranty shall be true and correct as of such specified date).
(c)    No Default. No event has occurred and is continuing that constitutes a Default or an Event of Default.
5.    Choice of Law. This Amendment, and all matters relating hereto or arising herefrom (whether arising under contract law, tort law or otherwise) shall, in accordance with Section 5-1401 of the General Obligations Law of the State of New York, be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of the State of New York.
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6.    Counterparts; Facsimile Signatures. This Amendment may be executed in any number of and by different parties hereto on separate counterparts, all of which, when so executed, shall be deemed an original, but all such counterparts shall constitute one and the same agreement. Any such signature delivered by a party by facsimile or electronic transmission (including email transmission of a PDF image) shall be deemed to be an original signature hereto.
7.    Reference to and Effect on the Credit Agreement and Other Documents.
(a)    Upon and after the effectiveness of this Amendment, each reference in the Credit Agreement to “this Agreement”, “hereunder”, “hereof” or words of like import referring to the Credit Agreement, and each reference in the Other Documents to, as applicable, “the Credit Agreement”, “thereof” or words of like import referring to the Credit Agreement, shall mean and be a reference to the Credit Agreement as modified and amended by this Amendment.
(b)    The execution, delivery and effectiveness of this Amendment shall not, except as expressly provided herein, operate as a waiver of any right, power or remedy of the Agent and/or the Lenders under the Credit Agreement or any of the Other Documents, nor constitute a waiver of any provision of the Credit Agreement or any of the Other Documents.
(c)    To the extent that any terms and conditions in any of the Other Documents shall contradict or be in conflict with any terms or conditions of the Credit Agreement or any Other Document, after giving effect to this Amendment, such terms and conditions are hereby deemed modified or amended accordingly to reflect the terms and conditions of the Credit Agreement as modified or amended hereby.
8.    Ratification. Except as specifically amended pursuant to this Amendment, the Credit Agreement and all Other Documents, are and shall continue to be in full force and effect and are hereby in all respects ratified and confirmed by each Loan Party and shall constitute the legal, valid, binding and enforceable obligations of the Loan Parties party thereto to Agent and the Lenders.
9.    Estoppel. To induce Agent and the Lenders to enter into this Amendment and to continue to make advances to Borrowers under the Credit Agreement, each Loan Party hereby acknowledges and agrees that, as of the date hereof, there exists no right of offset, defense, counterclaim or objection in favor of any Loan Party as against Agent, any Lender or any other Secured Party with respect to the Obligations, the Credit Agreement or any Other Document.
10.    Entire Understanding. This Amendment, together with the Credit Agreement (as amended or modified hereby), contain the entire understanding between each Loan Party, Agent and Lenders and supersedes all prior agreements and understandings, if any, relating to the subject matter hereof and thereof. Any promises, representations, warranties or guarantees not herein or therein contained and hereinafter made shall have no force and effect unless in writing, signed by the respective officers of each Loan Party signatory hereto (or by Borrowing Agent on their behalf), Agent and each Lender (subject to the provisions of Section 16.2(b) of the Credit Agreement). Neither this Amendment, nor any portion or provisions hereof may be changed, modified, amended, waived, supplemented, discharged, cancelled or terminated orally or by any course of dealing, or in any manner other than by an agreement in writing, signed by the party to be charged. Each Loan Party acknowledges that it has been advised by counsel in connection with the execution of this Amendment and is not relying upon oral representations or statements inconsistent with the terms and provisions of this Amendment.
11.    Severability. If any part of this Amendment is contrary to, prohibited by, or deemed invalid under Applicable Laws, such provision shall be inapplicable and deemed omitted
4



to the extent so contrary, prohibited or invalid, but the remainder hereof and thereof shall not be invalidated thereby and shall be given effect so far as possible.
12.    Submission of Amendment. The submission of this Amendment to the parties or their agents or attorneys for review or signature does not constitute a commitment by Agent or the Lenders to waive or modify any of their respective rights and remedies under the Credit Agreement or any Other Document, and this Amendment shall have no binding force or effect until all of the conditions to the effectiveness of this Amendment set forth in Section 3 above have been satisfied.
[signature pages follow]
5



IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the parties have entered into this Amendment as of the date first above written.

BORROWERS:    

VIANT TECHNOLOGY LLC


By:    /s/ Larry Madden            
Name: Larry Madden
Title: Treasurer and Executive Vice President -     
Finance


VIANT US LLC


By:    /s/ Larry Madden            
Name: Larry Madden
Title: Treasurer and Executive Vice President -
Finance


ADELPHIC LLC


By:    /s/ Larry Madden            
Name: Larry Madden
Title: Treasurer and Executive Vice President -
Finance


MYSPACE LLC


By:    /s/ Larry Madden            
Name: Larry Madden
Title: Treasurer and Executive Vice President -
Finance

VIANT TECHNOLOGY INC.


By:    /s/ Larry Madden            
Name: Larry Madden
Title: Chief Financial Officer, Treasurer and
Assistant Secretary
Signature Page to Sixth Amendment to Revolving Credit and Security Agreement and Guaranty


AGENT AND SOLE LENDER:    PNC BANK, NATIONAL ASSOCIATION
By:    /s/ Kevin Curtis    
Name:     Kevin Curtis
Title:    Vice President, Relationship Manager

Signature Page to Sixth Amendment to Revolving Credit and Security Agreement and Guaranty


EXHIBIT A
CONFORMED CREDIT AGREEMENT

(see attached)


CONFORMED THROUGH FIFTHSIXTH AMENDMENT




REVOLVING CREDIT AND
SECURITY AGREEMENT AND GUARANTY
PNC BANK, NATIONAL ASSOCIATION
(AS AGENT)
THE LENDERS FROM TIME TO TIME PARTY HERETO
WITH
VIANT TECHNOLOGY INC.
VIANT TECHNOLOGY LLC
VIANT US LLC
ADELPHIC LLC
AND
MYSPACE LLC
(AS BORROWERS)
AND
THE PERSONS FROM TIME TO TIME PARTY HERETO AS GUARANTORS
OCTOBER 31, 2019





TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
I.    DEFINITIONS.    1
1.1.    Accounting Terms    1
1.2.    General Terms    1
1.3.    Uniform Commercial Code Terms    4548
1.4.    Certain Matters of Construction    4548
1.5.    LIBORTerm SOFR Notification    4649
1.6.    Conforming Changes Relating to the Term SOFR Rate.    49
II.    ADVANCES, PAYMENTS.    4650
2.1.    Revolving Advances    4650
2.2.    Procedures for Selection of Applicable Interest Rates for All Advances    4751
2.3.    [Reserved].    5053
2.4.    Swing Loans.    5053
2.5.    Disbursement of Advance Proceeds    5154
2.6.    Making and Settlement of Advances    5155
2.7.    Maximum Advances    5357
2.8.    Manner and Repayment of Advances    5357
2.9.    Repayment of Excess Advances    5458
2.10.    Statement of Account    5458
2.11.    Letters of Credit    5458
2.12.    Issuance of Letters of Credit    5559
2.13.    Requirements For Issuance of Letters of Credit    5660
2.14.    Disbursements, Reimbursement    5660
2.15.    Repayment of Participation Advances    5761
2.16.    Documentation    5862
2.17.    Determination to Honor Drawing Request    5862
2.18.    Nature of Participation and Reimbursement Obligations    5862
2.19.    Liability for Acts and Omissions    6064
2.20.    [Reserved]    6165
2.21.    Use of Proceeds    6165
2.22.    Defaulting Lenders    6165
2.23.    Payment of Obligations    6468
III.    INTEREST AND FEES.    6468
3.1.    Interest    6468
3.2.    Letter of Credit Fees    6569
3.3.    Facility Fee    6670
3.4.    Fee Letter    6670
3.5.    Computation of Interest and Fees    6670
3.6.    Maximum Charges    6670
3.7.    Increased Costs    6771
3.8.    Alternate Rate of Interest    6772
3.9.    Capital Adequacy    7677
3.10.    Taxes    77
3.11.    Mitigation; Replacement of Lenders    7980
IV.    COLLATERAL: GENERAL TERMS    80
ii


4.1.    Security Interest in the Collateral    80
4.2.    Perfection of Security Interest    8081
4.3.    Preservation of Collateral    8182
4.4.    Ownership and Location of Collateral    8182
4.5.    Defense of Agent’s and Lenders’ Interests    8283
4.6.    Inspection of Premises    8283
4.7.    [Reserved].    83
4.8.    Receivables; Deposit Accounts and Securities Accounts    8384
4.9.    Inventory    8687
4.10.    Maintenance of Equipment    8687
4.11.    Exculpation of Liability    8687
4.12.    Financing Statements    87
4.13.    Investment Property Collateral    87
V.    REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES.    8889
5.1.    Authority    8889
5.2.    Formation and Qualification; Subsidiaries    89
5.3.    [Reserved]    8990
5.4.    Tax Returns    8990
5.5.    Financial Statements; Material Adverse Effect    8990
5.6.    Entity Names    9091
5.7.    O.S.H.A.; Environmental Compliance; Flood Insurance    9091
5.8.    Solvency; No Litigation, Violation, Indebtedness or Default; ERISA Compliance    9192
5.9.    Patents, Trademarks, Copyrights and Licenses    93
5.10.    Licenses and Permits    9394
5.11.    Default of Indebtedness    9394
5.12.    No Default    9394
5.13.    No Burdensome Restrictions    9394
5.14.    No Labor Disputes.    94
5.15.    Margin Regulations    94
5.16.    Investment Company Act    9495
5.17.    Disclosure    9495
5.18.    [Reserved]    9495
5.19.    Delivery of Subordinated Indebtedness Documents    9495
5.20.    Delivery of Closing Date Acquisition Agreement    9495
5.21.    Swaps    95
5.22.    Business and Property of Loan Parties    95
5.23.    Ineligible Securities    9596
5.24.    Federal Securities Laws    9596
5.25.    Equity Interests; Certificate of Beneficial Ownership    9596
5.26.    Commercial Tort Claims    96
5.27.    Letter of Credit Rights    96
5.28.    Material Contracts    96
5.29.    Sanctions and other Anti-Terrorism Laws    97
5.30.    Anti-Corruption Laws.    97
VI.    AFFIRMATIVE COVENANTS.    9697
6.1.    Compliance with Laws    9697
6.2.    Conduct of Business and Maintenance of Existence and Assets    9697
6.3.    Books and Records    9697
6.4.    Payment of Taxes    9698
6.5.    Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio    9798
iii


6.6.    Insurance    9899
6.7.    Payment of Indebtedness and Leasehold Obligations    100101
6.8.    Environmental Matters    100101
6.9.    Standards of Financial Statements    101102
6.10.    Federal Securities Laws    101102
6.11.    Execution of Supplemental Instruments    101102
6.12.    [Reserved]    101102
6.13.    Government Receivables    101102
6.14.    Keepwell    101102
6.15.    Post-Closing Deliveries    102103
6.16.    Certificate of Beneficial Ownership and Other Additional Information    102104
6.17.    COVID-19 Assistance.     104
6.18.    103Sanctions and other Anti-Terrorism Laws; Anti-Corruption Laws:    104
VII.    NEGATIVE COVENANTS.    103104
7.1.    Merger, Consolidation, Acquisition and Sale of Assets    103104
7.2.    Creation of Liens    105107
7.3.    Guarantees    105107
7.4.    Investments    106107
7.5.    Loans    106107
7.6.    Capital Expenditures    106107
7.7.    Dividends    106108
7.8.    Indebtedness    106108
7.9.    Nature of Business    106108
7.10.    Transactions with Affiliates    106108
7.11.    Leases    107109
7.12.    Subsidiaries    107109
7.13.    Fiscal Year and Accounting Changes    108109
7.14.    Pledge of Credit    108109
7.15.    Amendment of Certain Documents    108109
7.16.    Compliance with ERISA    108110
7.17.    Prepayment of Indebtedness    109110
7.18.    Subordinated Indebtedness    109111
7.19.    Sale and Leaseback    109111
7.20.    Membership / Partnership Interests    109111
7.21.    No Burdensome Restrictions    109111
7.22.    Limitation on Issuances of Equity Interests    110112
7.23.    Investment Company Act of 1940    110112
7.24.    Sanctions and other Anti-Terrorism Laws.    112
7.25.    Anti-Corruption Laws.     112
VIII.    CONDITIONS PRECEDENT.    110112
8.1.    Conditions to Initial Advances    110112
8.2.    Conditions to Each Advance    114116
IX.    INFORMATION AS TO LOAN PARTIES.    115117
9.1.    Disclosure of Material Matters    115117
9.2.    Schedules    115117
9.3.    Environmental Reports    115117
9.4.    Litigation    116118
9.5.    Material Occurrences    116118
iv


9.6.    Government Receivables    117119
9.7.    Annual Financial Statements    117119
9.8.    Quarterly Financial Statements    117119
9.9.    Monthly Financial Statements    118119
9.10.    Other Reports    118120
9.11.    Additional Information    118120
9.12.    Projected Operating Budget    118120
9.13.    Variances From Operating Budget    118120
9.14.    Notice of Suits, Adverse Events    119120
9.15.    ERISA Notices and Requests    119121
9.16.    Additional Documents    119121
9.17.    Updates to Certain Schedules, etc    119121
9.18.    Financial Disclosure    120122
X.    EVENTS OF DEFAULT.    120122
10.1.    Nonpayment    120122
10.2.    Breach of Representation    120122
10.3.    Financial Information    120122
10.4.    Judicial Actions    120122
10.5.    Noncompliance    120122;    122
10.6.    Judgments    121123
10.7.    Insolvency    121123
10.8.    [Reserved]    121123
10.9.    Lien Priority    121123
10.10.    Subordinated Indebtedness Default    121123
10.11.    Cross Default    122124
10.12.    Change of Control    122124
10.13.    Invalidity    122124
10.14.    Seizures    122124
10.15.    [Reserved]    122124
10.16.    Pension Plans    122124
10.17.    Anti-Money Laundering/International Trade Law Compliance    122124
XI.    AGENT’S AND LENDERS’ RIGHTS AND REMEDIES AFTER DEFAULT.    122124
11.1.    Rights and Remedies    123124
11.2.    Agent’s Discretion    126127
11.3.    Setoff    126128
11.4.    Rights and Remedies not Exclusive    126128
11.5.    Allocation of Payments After Event of Default    126128
XII.    WAIVERS AND JUDICIAL PROCEEDINGS.    128129
12.1.    Waiver of Notice    128130
12.2.    Delay    128130
12.3.    Jury Waiver    128130
XIII.    EFFECTIVE DATE AND TERMINATION.    128130
13.1.    Term    128130
13.2.    Termination    128130
XIV.    REGARDING AGENT.    129131
v


14.1.    Appointment    129131
14.2.    Nature of Duties    129131
14.3.    Lack of Reliance on Agent    130132
14.4.    Resignation of Agent; Successor Agent    130132
14.5.    Certain Rights of Agent    131133
14.6.    Reliance    131133
14.7.    Notice of Default    131133
14.8.    Indemnification    131133
14.9.    Agent in its Individual Capacity    131133
14.10.    Delivery of Documents    132134
14.11.    Loan Parties’ Undertaking to Agent    132134
14.12.    No Reliance on Agent’s Customer Identification Program    132134
14.13.    Other Agreements    132134
14.14.    Erroneous Payments.    134
XV.    BORROWING AGENCY.    132137
15.1.    Borrowing Agency Provisions    133137
15.2.    Waiver of Subrogation    133138
15.3.    Common Enterprise    134138
XVI.    MISCELLANEOUS.    134138
16.1.    Governing Law    134138
16.2.    Entire Understanding    135139
16.3.    Successors and Assigns; Participations; New Lenders    138142
16.4.    Application of Payments    140144
16.5.    Indemnity    140144
16.6.    Notice    141145
16.7.    Survival    143147
16.8.    Severability    144148
16.9.    Expenses    144148
16.10.    Injunctive Relief    144148
16.11.    Consequential Damages    144148
16.12.    Captions    145149
16.13.    Counterparts; Facsimile Signatures    145149
16.14.    Construction    145149
16.15.    Confidentiality; Sharing Information    145149
16.16.    Publicity    145150
16.17.    Certifications From Banks and Participants; USA PATRIOT Act    146150
16.18.    Anti-Terrorism Laws    146[Reserved]. 150
16.19.    Agent and Lenders Not Fiduciaries    147150
16.20.    Concerning Joint and Several Liability of Borrowers    147151
XVII.    GUARANTY.    149153
17.1.    Guaranty of Obligations    149153
17.2.    Waivers    150154
17.3.    Repayment or Recovery    152156
17.4.    Enforceability of Obligations    152156
17.5.    [Reserved]    153156
17.6.    Subrogation and Subordination    153157

vi


LIST OF EXHIBITS AND SCHEDULES
Exhibits
Exhibit B-1Borrowing Base Certificate
Exhibit C-1Compliance Certificate
Exhibit F-1Financial Condition Certificate
Exhibit P-1Projections Certificate
Exhibit 2.1(a)
Revolving Credit Note
Exhibit 2.4(a)
Swing Loan Note
Exhibit 16.3
Commitment Transfer Supplement


Schedules
Schedule P-1Permitted Encumbrances
Schedule P-2Permitted Investments
Schedule S-1Subsidiary Stock
Schedule 4.4Equipment and Inventory Locations; Place of Business, Chief Executive Office, Real Property
Schedule 4.8(j)Deposit and Investment Accounts
Schedule 5.1Consents
Schedule 5.2(a)States of Qualification and Good Standing
Schedule 5.2(b)Subsidiaries and Equity Holders
Schedule 5.4Federal Tax Identification Number
Schedule 5.6Prior Names
Schedule 5.7O.S.H.A.; Environmental Compliance
Schedule 5.8(b)(i)Litigation
Schedule 5.8(b)(ii)Indebtedness
Schedule 5.8(d)Plans
Schedule 5.9Intellectual Property
Schedule 5.14Labor Disputes
Schedule 5.25Equity Interests
Schedule 5.26Commercial Tort Claims
Schedule 5.27Letter of Credit Rights
Schedule 5.28Material Contracts

vii


REVOLVING CREDIT AND
SECURITY AGREEMENT AND GUARANTY
Revolving Credit and Security Agreement and Guaranty, dated as of October 31, 2019, among VIANT TECHNOLOGY LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (“Viant”), each other Person which is now or which hereafter becomes a party to this Agreement as a Borrower, each other Person from time to time joined as a party to this Agreement as a Guarantor, the persons which are now or which hereafter become a party hereto as lenders (collectively, the “Lenders” and each individually a “Lender”) and PNC BANK, NATIONAL ASSOCIATION (“PNC”), as agent for the Lenders (in such capacity, and together with its successors and assigns in such capacity, “Agent”).
IN CONSIDERATION of the mutual covenants and undertakings herein contained, and for other good and valuable consideration, the receipt and sufficiency of which is hereby acknowledged, the Loan Parties, Lenders and Agent hereby agree as follows:
I.    DEFINITIONS.
1.1.    Accounting Terms
. As used in this Agreement, the Other Documents or any certificate, report or other document made or delivered pursuant to this Agreement, accounting terms not defined in Section 1.2 or elsewhere in this Agreement and accounting terms partly defined in Section 1.2 to the extent not defined shall have the respective meanings given to them under GAAP. If there occurs after the Closing Date any change in GAAP that affects in any respect the calculation of any covenant contained in this Agreement or the definition of any term defined under GAAP used in such calculations, Agent, Lenders and Borrowers shall negotiate in good faith to amend the provisions of this Agreement that relate to the calculation of such covenants with the intent of having the respective positions of Agent, Lenders and Borrowers after such change in GAAP conform as nearly as possible to their respective positions as of the Closing Date, provided, that, until any such amendments have been agreed upon, the covenants in this Agreement shall be calculated as if no such change in GAAP had occurred and Loan Parties shall provide additional financial statements or supplements thereto, attachments to Compliance Certificates and/or calculations regarding financial covenants as Agent may reasonably require in order to provide the appropriate financial information required hereunder with respect to Loan Parties both reflecting any applicable changes in GAAP and as necessary to demonstrate compliance with the financial covenants before giving effect to the applicable changes in GAAP. Any lease that was treated as an operating lease under GAAP at the time it was entered into that later becomes a capital lease as a result of a change in GAAP during the life of such lease, including any renewals, and any lease entered into after the date of this Agreement that would have been considered an operating lease under the provisions of GAAP in effect as of December 31, 2018, in each case, shall be treated as an operating lease for all purposes under this Agreement.
1.2.    General Terms
. For purposes of this Agreement the following terms shall have the following meanings:
Accountants” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 9.7 hereof.
Acquisition” shall mean (a) the purchase or other acquisition of all or substantially all of the assets of (or any division or business line of) any other Person or (b) the purchase or other acquisition (whether by means of a merger, consolidation or otherwise) of all or substantially all of the Equity Interests of any other Person.
1



Administrative Questionnaire” means an administrative questionnaire in a form supplied by the Agent.
Advance Rates” shall mean the percentages specified in Section 2.1(a)(y)(i) and (ii) hereof.
Advances” shall mean and include the Revolving Advances, Letters of Credit, the Swing Loans and any other advances made hereunder.
Affected Lender” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 3.11 hereof.
Affiliate” of any Person shall mean (a) any Person which, directly or indirectly, is in control of, is controlled by, or is under common control with such Person, or (b) any Person who is a director, manager, member, managing member, general partner or officer (i) of such Person, (ii) of any Subsidiary of such Person or (iii) of any Person described in clause (a) above. For purposes of this definition, control of a Person shall mean the power, direct or indirect, (x) to vote 10% or more of the Equity Interests having ordinary voting power for the election of directors of such Person or other Persons performing similar functions for any such Person, or (y) to direct or cause the direction of the management and policies of such Person whether by ownership of Equity Interests, contract or otherwise.
Agent” shall have the meaning set forth in the preamble to this Agreement and shall include its successors and assigns in such capacity.
Agreement” shall mean this Revolving Credit and Security Agreement and Guaranty, as the same may be amended, amended and restated, replaced, extended, supplemented and/or otherwise modified from time to time.
Alternate Base Rate” shall mean, for any day, a rate per annum equal to the highest of (a) the Base Rate in effect on such day, (b) the sum of the Overnight Bank Funding Rate in effect on such day plus one half of one percent (0.5%), and (c) the sum of the Daily LIBOR RateSimple SOFR in effect on such day plus one percent (1.0%), so long as a Daily LIBOR RateSimple SOFR is offered, ascertainable and not unlawful; provided, however, if the Alternate Base Rate as determined above would be less than zero, then such rate shall be deemed to be zero. Any change in the Alternate Base Rate (or any component thereof) shall take effect at the opening of business on the day such change occurs.1
Alternate Source” shall have the meaning set forth in the definition of Overnight Bank Funding Rate.
Anti-Corruption Laws” shall mean the United States Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1977, as amended, the UK Bribery Act 2010, and any other similar anti-corruption laws or regulations administered or enforced in any jurisdiction in which any Borrower or any of its Subsidiaries conduct business.12
Anti-Terrorism Laws” shall mean any Law in force or hereinafter enacted related to terrorism, money laundering, or economic sanctions, including the Bank Secrecy Act, 31 U.S.C. § 5311 et seq., the USA PATRIOT Act, the International Emergency Economic Powers Act, 50
1 Sixth Amendment.
12 Fifth Amendment.
2



U.S.C. 1701, et. seq., the Trading with the Enemy Act, 50 U.S.C. App. 1, et seq., 18 U.S.C. § 2332d, and 18 U.S.C. § 2339b.23
Applicable Law” shall mean all Laws applicable to the Person, conduct, transaction, covenant, other document or contract in question, including all provisions of all applicable state, federal and foreign constitutions, statutes, rules, regulations, treaties, directives and orders of any Governmental Body, and all orders, judgments and decrees of all courts and arbitrators.
Applicable Margin” shall mean,
(a)    from the Closing Date through and including December 31, 2020, (i) an amount equal to two percent (2.00%) for (A) Revolving Advances consisting of Domestic Rate Loans, and (B) Swing Loans, and (ii) an amount equal to four percent (4.00%) for Revolving Advances consisting of LIBOR Rate Loans;
(b)    commencing as of January 1, 2021 and continuing on the first day of each fiscal quarter thereafter through the day immediately preceding the Sixth Amendment Effective Date, based on the Average Undrawn Availability for the most recently ended fiscal quarter, (i) for Revolving Advances consisting of Domestic Rate Loans and Swing Loans, the applicable percentage specified belowin this agreement (as in effect immediately prior to the Sixth Amendment Effective Date) as the Applicable Margin for Domestic Rate Loans that are Revolving Advances and for Swing Loans that corresponds to such amount of Average Undrawn Availability, and (ii) for Revolving Advances consisting of LIBOR Rate Loans, the applicable percentage specified belowin this agreement (as in effect immediately prior to the Sixth Amendment Effective Date) as the Applicable Margin for LIBOR Rate Loans that are Revolving Advances that corresponds to such amount of Average Undrawn Availability; and
(c)    from and after the Sixth Amendment Effective Date, and continuing on the first day of each fiscal quarter thereafter, based on the Average Undrawn Availability for the most recently ended fiscal quarter, (i) for Revolving Advances consisting of Domestic Rate Loans and Swing Loans, the applicable percentage specified below as the Applicable Margin for Domestic Rate Loans that are Revolving Advances and for Swing Loans that corresponds to such amount of Average Undrawn Availability, and (ii) for Revolving Advances consisting of Term SOFR Rate Loans, the applicable percentage specified below as the Applicable Margin for Term SOFR Rate Loans that are Revolving Advances that corresponds to such amount of Average Undrawn Availability.
23 Fifth Amendment.
3



LEVELAVERAGE UNDRAWN AVAILABILITYAPPLICABLE MARGIN FOR REVOLVING ADVANCES AND SWING LOANS CONSISTING OF DOMESTIC RATE LOANS
APPLICABLE MARGIN FOR REVOLVING ADVANCES CONSISTING OF LIBORTERM SOFR RATE LOANS
I
≥ the greater of $20,000,00037,500,000 and 50% of the Maximum Revolving Advance Amount
0.75%1.00%
1.75%2.00%
II
III
< the greater of $20,000,00037,500,000 and 50% of the Maximum Revolving Advance Amount but ≥ the greater of $5,000,000 and 10% of the Maximum Revolving Advance Amount
< the greater of $5,000,000 and 10% of the Maximum Revolving Advance Amount
1.00%
1.25%
2.00%
2.25%

Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained herein, no downward adjustment in any Applicable Margin shall be made on any date as of which any Event of Default has occurred and is continuing. Any increase in interest rates and/or other fees payable by Borrowers under this Agreement and the Other Documents pursuant to the provisions of the foregoing sentence shall be in addition to and independent of any increase in such interest rates and/or other fees resulting from the occurrence of any Event of Default and/or the effectiveness of the Default Rate provisions of Section 3.1 hereof or the default fee rate provisions of Section 3.2 hereof.4
Application Date” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 2.8(b) hereof.
Approvals” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 5.7(b) hereof.
Approved Electronic Communication” shall mean each notice, demand, communication, information, document and other material transmitted, posted or otherwise made or communicated by e-mail, E-Fax, the Credit Management Module of PNC’s PINACLE® system, or any other equivalent electronic service agreed to by Agent, whether owned, operated or hosted by Agent, any Lender, any of their Affiliates or any other Person, that any party is obligated to, or otherwise chooses to, provide to Agent pursuant to this Agreement or any Other Document, including any financial statement, financial and other report, notice, request, certificate and other information material; provided that Approved Electronic Communications shall not include any notice, demand, communication, information, document or other material that Agent specifically instructs a Person to deliver in physical form.
Asserted Indemnification Claim” shall mean any matters or circumstances for which notice has been furnished to, demand has been made upon, or asserted against the Agent or any Secured Party, in writing, that are subject to the indemnity provisions of this Agreement and/or the Other Documents and that the Agent has determined could reasonably and in good faith be expected to result in direct or actual damages and expenses to the Agent or any applicable Secured Party, including, without limitation, the anticipated reasonable out-of-pocket fees and expenses of legal counsel and other professionals.
4 Sixth Amendment.
4



Authorized Officer” of a Person shall mean the Chief Executive Officer, Chief Operating Officer, Chief Financial Officer, or Executive Vice President - Finance of such Person (a) with respect to whom Agent has completed all required “know your customer” regulatory compliance and background checks have been completed and the results thereof are satisfactory to Agent in its sole discretion and (b) whose incumbency has been certified to Agent.
Availability Block” shall mean $5,000,000; provided, however, the Availability Block shall be reduced to $0 if, as of the date that Agent has received and completed a satisfactory review of the audited financial statements referred to in and required by Section 9.7 for the Loan Parties’ fiscal year 2019 or the unaudited financial statements referred to in and required by Section 9.8 for the Loan Parties fiscal quarter ending March 31, 2020, (i) the Loan Parties on a Consolidated Basis have achieved EBITDA of not less than $14,000,000 for the four quarter period ended December 31, 2019 or for the four quarter period ending March 31, 2020, and (ii) the Loan Parties have had during the five (5) Business Day period ending on such date of determination, average Liquidity of not less than 25% of the Maximum Revolving Advance Amount; provided, further, that, for the purpose of the release of the Availability Block in accordance with the terms of this definition, the existence of the Availability Block shall be ignored for purposes of the determination of the Formula Amount.
Average Undrawn Availability” means, with respect to any quarter, the sum of the aggregate amount of Undrawn Availability for each day for such quarter (calculated as of the end of each respective day) divided by the number of days in such quarter.
Base Rate” shall mean the base commercial lending rate of PNC as publicly announced to be in effect from time to time, such rate to be adjusted automatically, without notice, on the effective date of any change in such rate. This rate of interest is determined from time to time by PNC as a means of pricing some loans to its customers and is neither tied to any external rate of interest or index nor does it necessarily reflect the lowest rate of interest actually charged by PNC to any particular class or category of customers of PNC.
Beneficial Owner” shall mean, for each Borrower, each of the following: (a) each individual, if any, who, directly or indirectly, owns 25% or more of such Borrower’s Equity Interests; and (b) a single individual with significant responsibility to control, manage, or direct such Borrower.
Benefited Lender” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 2.6(f) hereof.
Blocked Account Bank” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 4.8(h) hereof. “Blocked Accounts” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 4.8(h) hereof.
Borrower” or “Borrowers” shall mean Viant, each Person signatory hereto as a Borrower, and each other Person from time to time joined as a party to this Agreement as a borrower, and all permitted successors and assigns of such Persons.
Borrowers’ Account” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 2.10 hereof.
Borrowing Agent” shall mean Viant.
Borrowing Base Certificate” shall mean a certificate in substantially the form of Exhibit B-1 hereto duly executed by an Authorized Officer of the Borrowing Agent and delivered to the Agent, appropriately completed, by which such Authorized Officer shall certify to Agent the Formula Amount and calculation thereof as of the date of such certificate.
5



Business Day” shall mean any day other than Saturday or Sunday or a legal holiday on which commercial banks are authorized or required by Law to be closed for business in East Brunswick, New Jersey and; provided that when used in connection with an amount that bears interest at a rate based on SOFR or any direct or indirect calculation or determination of SOFR, if the applicable term “Business Day relates to” means any LIBOR Rate Loans, such day mustthat is also be a day on which dealings are carried on in the London interbank marketU.S. Government Securities Business Day.5
Capital Expenditures” shall mean all expenditures which, in accordance with GAAP, would be classified as capital expenditures, including the principal payment amounts of Capitalized Lease Obligations; provided, however, such expenditures shall not include software development costs and data acquisition costs.
Capitalized Lease Obligation” shall mean, with respect to any Person, any Indebtedness of such Person represented by obligations under a lease that is required to be capitalized for financial reporting purposes in accordance with GAAP.
CARES Act” shall mean (i) the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act, as in effect from time to time or (ii) any laws, orders, rulings, regulations or guidelines issued or enacted by a Governmental Body in order to provide assistance in connection with COVID-19.
Cash Dominion Event” shall mean the occurrence of a date when (a) for any date of determination (i) Undrawn Availability, for five (5) consecutive Business Days, shall have been less than 10% of the Maximum Revolving Advance Amount, or (b) an Event of Default has occurred and is continuing; provided, however, such Cash Dominion Event shall cease to exist upon the occurrence of the first date thereafter when (x), in the case of clause (a) above, Undrawn Availability for thirty (30) consecutive days shall have been equal to or greater than 10% of the Maximum Revolving Advance Amount, or (y) in the case of clause (b) above, such Event of Default has been cured or waived in writing by the Lenders required to waive such Event of Default.
Cash Equivalents” shall mean (a) obligations issued or guaranteed by the United States of America or any agency thereof; (b) commercial paper with maturities of not more than 180 days and a published rating of not less than A-1 or P-1 (or the equivalent rating); (c) certificates of time deposit and bankers’ acceptances having maturities of not more than 180 days and repurchase agreements backed by United States government securities of a commercial bank if (i) such bank has a combined capital and surplus of at least $500,000,000, or (ii) its debt obligations, or those of a holding company of which it is a Subsidiary, are rated not less than A (or the equivalent rating) by a nationally recognized investment rating agency; (d) U.S. money market funds that invest solely in obligations issued or guaranteed by the United States of America or an agency thereof; and (e) in the case of any Foreign Subsidiary, (i) such local currencies in those countries in which such Foreign Subsidiary transacts business from time to time in the Ordinary Course of Business and (ii) investments of comparable tenor and credit quality to those described in the foregoing clauses (a) through (d) customarily utilized in countries in which such Foreign Subsidiary operates for short-term cash management purposes.
Cash Management Liabilities” shall have the meaning provided in the definition of “Cash Management Products and Services.”
Cash Management Products and Services” shall mean agreements or other arrangements under which Agent or any Affiliate of Agent provides any of the following products or services to any Loan Party: (a) credit cards; (b) credit card processing services; (c) debit cards and stored
5 Sixth Amendment.
6



value cards; (d) commercial cards; (e) ACH transactions; and (f) cash management and treasury management services and products, including without limitation controlled disbursement accounts or services, lockboxes, automated clearinghouse transactions, overdrafts, and interstate depository network services. The indebtedness, obligations and liabilities of any Loan Party to the provider of any Cash Management Products and Services (including all obligations and liabilities owing to such provider in respect of any returned items deposited with such provider) (the “Cash Management Liabilities”) shall be “Obligations” hereunder, guaranteed obligations under each Guaranty and secured obligations under each Guarantor Security Agreement, as applicable, and otherwise treated as Obligations for purposes of each of the Other Documents. The Liens securing the Cash Management Products and Services shall be pari passu with the Liens securing all other Obligations under this Agreement and the Other Documents, subject to the express provisions of Section 11.5.
CEA” shall mean the Commodity Exchange Act (7 U.S.C. §1 et seq.), as amended from time to time, and any successor statute.
CERCLA” shall mean the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act of 1980, as amended, 42 U.S.C. §§9601 et seq.
Certificate of Beneficial Ownership” shall mean, for each Borrower, a certificate in form and substance acceptable to Agent (as amended or modified by Agent from time to time in its sole discretion), certifying, among other things, the Beneficial Owner of such Borrower.
CFC” shall mean a “controlled foreign corporation” within the meaning of Section 957 of the Code.
CFC Debt” shall mean, with respect to any Loan Party, any Indebtedness or Receivables owed by any CFC to any such Loan Party, or treated as owed to any such Loan Party, for U.S. federal income tax purposes.
CFTC” shall mean the Commodity Futures Trading Commission.
Change in Law” shall mean the occurrence, after the Closing Date, of any of the following: (a) the adoption or taking effect of any Applicable Law; (b) any change in any Applicable Law or in the administration, implementation, interpretation or application thereof by any Governmental Body; or (c) the making or issuance of any request, rule, guideline or directive (whether or not having the force of Law) by any Governmental Body; provided that notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, (x) the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act and all requests, rules, regulations, guidelines, interpretations or directives thereunder or issued in connection therewith (whether or not having the force of Applicable Law) and (y) all requests, rules, regulations, guidelines, interpretations or directives promulgated by the Bank for International Settlements, the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (or any successor or similar authority) or the United States or foreign regulatory authorities (whether or not having the force of Law), in each case pursuant to Basel III, shall in each case be deemed to be a Change in Law regardless of the date enacted, adopted, issued, promulgated or implemented.
Change of Control” shall mean: (a) any Person or group of Persons acting in concert, except for Permitted Holders, directly or indirectly, own(s) beneficially (as defined in Rule 13d-3 of the SEC under the Exchange Act or any successor provision thereto) or controls thirty-five percent (35%) or more of the aggregate Equity Interests of Viant, (b) the occurrence of any event (whether in one or more transactions) which results in Viant failing, directly or indirectly through another Loan Party to own one hundred (100%) percent of the Equity Interests (on a fully diluted basis) of each other Loan Party (other than Holdings), (c) Holdings ceases to own the Equity
7



Interests of Viant held by it as of the Fourth Amendment Effective Date; (d) any merger, consolidation or sale of substantially all of the property or assets of any Loan Party or Subsidiary thereof which is not permitted under this Agreement; or (e) the occurrence of any “change of control” or similar event which results in (i) the acceleration or mandatory prepayment, in whole or in part, of any Subordinated Indebtedness or any other Indebtedness of any Loan Party having a then-outstanding principal balance of $1,000,000 or more or (ii) the mandatory redemption, or any other similar payment becoming due and payable, with respect to the Equity Interests of Holdings or Viant. For purposes of this definition, “control of any Person shall mean the power, direct or indirect (x) to elect a majority of the board of directors (or other similar governing body) of such Person, and (y) to direct or cause the direction of the management and policies of such Person by contract or otherwise.
Charges” shall mean all taxes, charges, fees, imposts, levies or other assessments, including all net income, gross income, gross receipts, sales, use, ad valorem, value added, transfer, franchise, profits, inventory, capital stock, license, withholding, payroll, employment, social security, unemployment, excise, severance, stamp, occupation and property taxes, custom duties, fees, assessments, liens, claims and charges of any kind whatsoever, together with any interest and any penalties, additions to tax or additional amounts, imposed by any taxing or other authority, domestic or foreign (including the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation or any environmental agency or superfund), upon the Collateral, any Loan Party or any of its Affiliates.
CIP Regulations” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 14.12 hereof.
Closing Date” shall mean October 31, 2019.
Closing Date Acquisition” shall mean the transactions contemplated by the Closing Date Acquisition Agreement.
Closing Date Acquisition Agreement” shall mean that certain Unit Repurchase Agreement including all exhibits and schedules thereto, dated as of September 15, 2019, by and among Viant Technology Holding Inc., Viant and the other parties thereto.
Code” shall mean the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as the same may be amended or supplemented from time to time, and any successor statute of similar import, and the rules and regulations thereunder, as from time to time in effect.
Collateral” shall mean and include all right, title and interest of each Loan Party in all of the following property and assets of such Loan Party, in each case whether now existing or hereafter arising or created and whether now owned or hereafter acquired and wherever located:
(a)    all Receivables and all supporting obligations relating thereto;
(b)    all equipment and fixtures;
(c)    all general intangibles (including all payment intangibles and all software) and all supporting obligations related thereto;
(d)    all Inventory;
(e)    all Subsidiary Stock, securities, investment property, and financial assets;
(f)    all contract rights, rights of payment which have been earned under a contract rights, chattel paper (including electronic chattel paper and tangible chattel paper), commercial tort claims (whether now existing or hereafter arising); documents (including all
8



warehouse receipts and bills of lading), deposit accounts, goods, instruments (including promissory notes), letters of credit (whether or not the respective letter of credit is evidenced by a writing) and letter-of-credit rights, cash, certificates of deposit, insurance proceeds (including hazard, flood and credit insurance), security agreements, eminent domain proceeds, condemnation proceeds, tort claim proceeds and all supporting obligations;
(g)    all ledger sheets, ledger cards, files, correspondence, records, books of account, business papers, computers, computer software (owned by any Loan Party or in which it has an interest), computer programs, tapes, disks and documents, including all of such property relating to the property described in clauses (a) through (f) of this definition;
(h)    all proceeds and products of the property described in clauses (a) through (g) of this definition, in whatever form; and
(i)    all other assets which any Loan Party has granted to Agent a Lien to secure the Obligations pursuant to any Other Document.
It is the intention of the parties that if Agent shall fail to have a perfected Lien in any Collateral for any reason whatsoever (to the extent perfection is required by the terms of this Agreement), but the provisions of this Agreement and/or of the Other Documents, together with all financing statements and other public filings relating to Liens filed or recorded by Agent against such Loan Party, would be sufficient to create a perfected Lien in any proceeds that such Loan Party may receive upon the Disposition of such Collateral, then all such proceeds of such Collateral shall be included in the Collateral as original collateral that is the subject of a direct and original grant of a security interest as provided for herein and in the Other Documents (and not merely as proceeds (as defined in Article 9 of the Uniform Commercial Code) in which a security interest is created or arises solely pursuant to Section 9-315 of the Uniform Commercial Code).
Notwithstanding the forgoing, Collateral shall not include any Excluded Property.
Commitment Transfer Supplement” shall mean a document in the form of Exhibit 16.3 hereto, properly completed and otherwise in form and substance satisfactory to Agent by which a Purchasing Lender purchases and assumes a portion of the obligation of Lenders to make Advances under this Agreement.
Compliance Certificate” shall mean a compliance certificate substantially in the form of Exhibit C-1 hereto to be signed by a senior financial Authorized Officer of Viant or Holdings, as applicable.
“Conforming Changes” means, with respect to the Term SOFR Rate or any Benchmark Replacement, any technical, administrative or operational changes (including changes to the definition of “Alternate Base Rate,” the definition of “Business Day,” the definition of “Interest Period,” timing and frequency of determining rates and making payments of interest, timing of borrowing requests or prepayment, conversion or continuation notices, the applicability and length of lookback periods, the applicability of breakage provisions, and other technical, administrative or operational matters) that the Agent decides may be appropriate to reflect the adoption and implementation of the Term SOFR Rate or such Benchmark Replacement and to permit the administration thereof by the Agent in a manner substantially consistent with market practice (or, if the Agent decides that adoption of any portion of such market practice is not administratively feasible or if the Agent determines that no market practice for the administration of the Term SOFR Rate or the Benchmark Replacement exists, in such other manner of
9



administration as the Agent decides is reasonably necessary in connection with the administration of this Agreement and the Other Documents).6
Consents” shall mean all filings and all licenses, permits, consents, approvals, authorizations, qualifications and orders of Governmental Bodies and other third parties, domestic or foreign, necessary to carry on any Loan Party’s business or necessary (including to avoid a conflict or breach under any agreement, instrument, other document, license, permit or other authorization) for the execution, delivery or performance of this Agreement, the Other Documents, the Subordinated Indebtedness Documents, the Closing Date Acquisition Agreement, or any Permitted Acquisition Documents including any Consents required under all applicable federal, state or other Applicable Law.
Consigned Inventory” shall mean Inventory of any Loan Party that is in the possession of another Person on a consignment, sale or return, or other basis that does not constitute a final sale and acceptance of such Inventory.
Contract Rate” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 3.1 hereof.
Controlled Group” shall mean, at any time, each Loan Party and all members of a controlled group of corporations and all trades or businesses (whether or not incorporated) under common control and all other entities which, together with any Loan Party, are treated as a single employer under Section 414 of the Code.
Controlled Investment Affiliate” shall mean, as to any Person, any other Person that (a) directly or indirectly, is in control of, is controlled by, or is under common control with, such Person and (b) is organized by such Person primarily for the purpose of making equity or debt investments in one or more companies. For purposes of this definition, “control” of a Person means the power, directly or indirectly, to direct or cause the direction of the management and policies of such Person whether by contract or otherwise.
Covered Entity” shall mean (a) each Loan Party, each Subsidiary of each Loan Party, and all pledgors of Collateral and (b) each Person that, directly or indirectly, is in control of a Person described in clause (a) above. For purposes of this definition, control of a Person shall mean the direct or indirect (x) ownership of, or power to vote, 25% or more of the issued and outstanding equity interests having ordinary voting power for the election of directors of such Person or other Persons performing similar functions for such Person, or (y) power to direct or cause the direction of the management and policies of such Person whether by ownership of equity interests, contract or otherwise.
COVID-19 Assistance” shall mean any (i) loan, advance, guarantee, or other extension of credit, credit enhancement or credit support, or equity purchase or capital contribution, waiver or forgiveness of any obligation, or any other kind of financial assistance, provided by, or on behalf of, a Governmental Body pursuant to the CARES Act or (ii) Indebtedness, reimbursement obligation or other liability of any nature owed to, or on account of, or for the benefit of, a Governmental Body, in each case, in connection with COVID-19 or pursuant to the CARES Act.
Custodian” shall mean any securities intermediary on whose books and records the ownership interest of any Loan Party in Investment Property Collateral appears.
Customer” shall mean and include the account debtor (which shall mean, for the avoidance of doubt, the party billed to) with respect to any Receivable, the purchaser of goods or services with respect to any unbilled Receivable and/or the prospective purchaser of goods,
6 Sixth Amendment.
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services or both with respect to any contract or contract right, and/or any party who enters into or proposes to enter into any contract or other arrangement with any Loan Party, pursuant to which such Loan Party is to deliver any personal property or perform any services.
Daily LIBOR Rate” shall mean, for any day, the rate per annum determined by the Agent by dividing (a) the Published Rate by (b) a number equal to 1.00 minus the Reserve Percentage; provided, however, that if the Daily LIBOR Rate determined as provided above would be less than zero, such rate shall be deemed to be zero for purposes of this Agreement.
“Daily Simple SOFR” shall mean, for any day (a “SOFR Rate Day”), the interest rate per annum determined by the Agent by dividing (the resulting quotient rounded upwards, at the Agent’s discretion, to the nearest 1/100th of 1%) (A) SOFR for the day (the “SOFR Determination Date”) that is two (2) Business Days prior to (i) such SOFR Rate Day if such SOFR Rate Day is a Business Day or (ii) the Business Day immediately preceding such SOFR Rate Day if such SOFR Rate Day is not a Business Day, by (B) a number equal to 1.00 minus the SOFR Reserve Percentage, in each case, as such SOFR is published by the Federal Reserve Bank of New York (or a successor administrator of the secured overnight financing rate) on the website of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, currently at http://www.newyorkfed.org, or any successor source identified by the Federal Reserve Bank of New York or its successor administrator for the secured overnight financing rate from time to time. If Daily Simple SOFR as determined above would be less than the SOFR Floor, then Daily Simple SOFR shall be deemed to be the SOFR Floor. If SOFR for any SOFR Determination Date has not been published or replaced with a Benchmark Replacement by 5:00 p.m. (New York time) on the second Business Day immediately following such SOFR Determination Date, then SOFR for such SOFR Determination Date will be SOFR for the first Business Day preceding such SOFR Determination Date for which SOFR was published in accordance with the definition of “SOFR”; provided that SOFR determined pursuant to this sentence shall be used for purposes of calculating Daily Simple SOFR for no more than 3 consecutive SOFR Rate Days. If and when Daily Simple SOFR as determined above changes, any applicable rate of interest based on Daily Simple SOFR will change automatically without notice to the Borrowing Agent, effective on the date of any such change.7
Debt Payments” shall mean for any period, in each case, without duplication, all cash actually expended by Holdings or any of its Subsidiaries to make: (a) interest payments on any Advances hereunder, plus (b) payments for all fees, commissions and charges set forth herein, plus (c) scheduled principal and implied interest payments and fees paid on Capitalized Lease Obligations, plus (d) scheduled principal and interest payments with respect to any other Funded Debt. Debt Payments shall be annualized for the purpose of calculating compliance with Section 6.5, by multiplying the Debt Payments for any period set forth in the table below by the factor set forth below:
PeriodFactor
One fiscal quarter period ended December 31, 20194
Two fiscal quarter period ended March 31, 20202
Three fiscal quarter period ended June 30, 20204/3

Default” shall mean an event, circumstance or condition which, with the giving of notice or passage of time or both, would constitute an Event of Default.
Default Rate” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 3.1 hereof.
7 Sixth Amendment.
11



Defaulting Lender” shall mean any Lender that: (a) has failed, within two (2) Business Days of the date required to be funded or paid, to (i) fund any portion of its Revolving Commitment Percentage of Advances, (ii) if applicable, fund any portion of its Participation Commitment in Letters of Credit or Swing Loans or (iii) pay over to Agent, Issuer, Swing Loan Lender or any Lender any other amount required to be paid by it hereunder, unless, in the case of clause (i) above, such Lender notifies Agent in writing that such failure is the result of such Lender’s good faith determination that a condition precedent to funding (specifically identified and including a particular Default or Event of Default, if any) has not been satisfied; (b) has notified Borrowers or Agent in writing, or has made a public statement to the effect, that it does not intend or expect to comply with any of its funding obligations under this Agreement (unless such writing or public statement indicates that such position is based on such Lender’s good faith determination that a condition precedent (specifically identified and including a particular Default or Event of Default, if any) to funding a loan under this Agreement cannot be satisfied) or generally under other agreements in which it commits to extend credit; (c) has failed, within two (2) Business Days after request by Agent, acting in good faith, to provide a certification in writing from an authorized officer of such Lender that it will comply with its obligations (and is financially able to meet such obligations) to fund prospective Advances and, if applicable, participations in then outstanding Letters of Credit and Swing Loans under this Agreement, provided that such Lender shall cease to be a Defaulting Lender pursuant to this clause (c) upon Agent’s receipt of such certification in form and substance satisfactory to the Agent; (d) has become the subject of an Insolvency Event; or (e) has failed at any time to comply with the provisions of Section 2.6(f) with respect to purchasing participations from the other Lenders, whereby such Lender’s share of any payment received, whether by setoff or otherwise, is in excess of its pro rata share of such payments due and payable to all of the Lenders.
Depository Accounts” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 4.8(h) hereof.
Designated Lender” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 16.2(d) hereof.
Disposition” shall mean any sale, assignment, lease, sublease, license, sublicense, conveyance, exchange, transfer or other disposition of any assets, including by way of an LLC Division. Variations of such term (i.e. “Dispose”) shall have corresponding meanings.
Disqualified Equity Interest” shall mean any Equity Interest which, by its terms (or by the terms of any security into which it is convertible or for which it is exchangeable), or upon the happening of any event, (a) matures or is mandatorily redeemable (other than solely for Qualified Equity Interests), pursuant to a sinking fund obligation or otherwise, or is redeemable at the option of the holder thereof, in whole or in part, on or prior to the date that is one hundred eighty (180) days following the last day of the Term, (b) is convertible into or exchangeable for (i) debt securities or (ii) any Equity Interests referred to in (a) above, in each case at any time on or prior to the date that is one hundred eighty (180) days following the last day of the Term, or is entitled to receive a dividend or distribution in cash prior to the date that is one hundred eighty (180) days following the last day of the Term; provided, that, if such Equity Interests are issued pursuant to a plan for the benefit of officers, directors, managers, employees, members of management or consultants of a Person or any Subsidiary thereof or by any such plan to such officers, directors, managers, employees, members of management or consultants, such Equity Interests shall not constitute Disqualified Equity Interests solely because they may be required to be repurchased by such Person or any such Subsidiary in order to satisfy applicable statutory or regulatory obligations or as a result of the termination, death or disability of any applicable natural person.
Disregarded Entity” shall mean any entity treated as disregarded as an entity separate from its owner under Treasury Regulations Section 301.7701-3.
12



Document” shall have the meaning given to the term “document” in the Uniform Commercial Code.
Dollar” and the sign “$” shall mean lawful money of the United States of America.
Domestic Loan Party” shall mean a Loan Party organized or incorporated in the United States, any State or territory thereof or the District of Columbia.
Domestic Rate Loan” shall mean any Advance that bears interest based upon the Alternate Base Rate.
Drawing Date” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 2.14(b) hereof.
EBITDA” shall mean for any period with respect to Loan Parties on a Consolidated Basis, the sum of (a) net income (or loss) for such period (excluding extraordinary gains and losses), plus (b) the sum of (i) all net interest expense for such period inclusive of all related fees, commissions and charges, plus (ii) all charges against income for such period for federal, state and local taxes, plus (iii) depreciation expenses for such period, plus (iv) amortization expenses for such period, plus (v) all other non-cash charges below the operating income line, plus (vi) stock based compensation, plus (vii) expenses relating to consulting fees for establishing compliance with the California Consumer Privacy Act and Global Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) up to $150,000 in the aggregate for all periods (other than periods prior to the Closing Date), plus (viii) all fees and expenses incurred in connection with the consummation of the Transactions contemplated to occur on the Closing Date to the extent incurred on or prior to the date that is ninety (90) days after the Closing Date and not exceeding, in the aggregate for all such amounts $4,300,000, plus (ix) up to $500,000 in the aggregate for all periods (other than periods prior to the Closing Date) of restructuring (which may include severance costs) and litigation fees, costs, expenses and charges to the extent evidence thereof, in form and substance satisfactory to Agent in its Permitted Discretion, is provided to Agent, plus (x) bad debt expense recorded after the Closing Date in connection with Receivables due as of August 31, 2019 from The Mobile Majority, not exceeding $1,791,938, plus (xi) to the extent supported by a quality of earnings report satisfactory to Agent in its Permitted Discretion and not exceeding, in the aggregate for any four consecutive fiscal quarter period, 12.5% of EBITDA (determined before giving effect to the applicable adjustments), in connection with any Permitted Acquisition, the amount of cost savings and operating expense reductions projected by the Borrowers in good faith to be realized as a result of specified actions taken or expected in good faith to be taken within twelve (12) months following such Permitted Acquisition (in each case calculated on a pro forma basis as though such cost savings and expense reductions have been realized on the first day of such period), net of the amount of actual benefits realized during such period from such actions, plus (xii) net gains (or minus losses) related to non-ordinary course asset Dispositions, minus (c) capitalized (and not otherwise expensed) data acquisition costs and software development costs, minus (d) any losses (or plus any gains) from foreign currency transactions (including losses related to currency remeasurements of Indebtedness), to the extent that such losses were taken into account in computing net income, minus (e) all distributions under clause (f) of the definition of Permitted Dividends (including, to the extent historically reflected as tax distributions, those made in lieu of salary and other cash compensation of the sort contemplated by clause (f) of the definition of Permitted Dividends). Extraordinary gains associated with the Transactions shall be excluded from the determination of EBITDA, including gains associated with the elimination of debt ($41,454,967), interest payable (approximately $6,100,000 on the Closing Date), other net liabilities (approximately $7,800,000 on the Closing Date) and paid-in-capital ($47,242,397). The results of operations, including all expenses of Viant UK, shall be excluded from the determination of EBITDA for all periods prior to the Closing Date and for the twelve month period following the Closing Date.
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Effective Date” means the date indicated in a document or agreement to be the date on which such document or agreement becomes effective, or, if there is no such indication, the date of execution of such document or agreement.
“Effective Federal Funds Rate” shall mean for any day the rate per annum (based on a year of 360 days and actual days elapsed and rounded upward to the nearest 1/100 of 1% announced by the Federal Reserve Bank of New York (or any successor) on such day as being the weighted average of the rates on overnight federal funds transactions arranged by federal funds brokers on the previous trading day, as computed and announced by such Federal Reserve Bank (or any successor) in substantially the same manner as such Federal Reserve Bank computes and announces the weighted average it refers to as the “Effective Federal Funds Rate” as of the date of this Agreement; provided that if such Federal Reserve Bank (or its successor) does not announce such rate on any day, the “Effective Federal Funds Rate” for such day shall be the Effective Federal Funds Rate for the last day on which such rate was announced. Notwithstanding the foregoing, if the Effective Federal Funds Rate as determined under any method above would be less than zero percent (0.00%), such rate shall be deemed to be zero percent (0.00%) for purposes of this Agreement.8
Eligible Contract Participant” shall mean an “eligible contract participant” as defined in the CEA and regulations thereunder.
Eligible Receivables” shall mean and include, each Receivable (other than an Eligible Unbilled Receivable) of a Borrower arising in the Ordinary Course of Business and which Agent, in its Permitted Discretion, shall deem to be an Eligible Receivable, based on such considerations as Agent may from time to time deem appropriate. A Receivable shall not be deemed eligible unless such Receivable is subject to Agent’s first priority perfected security interest and no other Lien (other than Permitted Encumbrances which are not senior to Agent’s Lien), and is evidenced by an invoice or other documentary evidence satisfactory to Agent. In addition, no Receivable shall be an Eligible Receivable if:
(a)    it arises out of a sale made by any Borrower to an Affiliate of any Borrower or to a Person controlled by an Affiliate of any Borrower;
(b)    it is due or unpaid more than one hundred and fifty (150) days after the original invoice date or ninety (90) days after the original due date;
(c)    fifty percent (50%) or more of the Receivables and unbilled Receivables from such Customer are not deemed (i) Eligible Receivables hereunder under clause (b) above or (ii) Eligible Unbilled Receivables under clause (a) of the definition thereof; provided, that, such percentage may, in Agent’s Permitted Discretion, be increased or decreased from time to time;
(d)    any covenant, representation or warranty contained in this Agreement with respect to such Receivable has been breached;
(e)    an Insolvency Event shall have occurred with respect to such Customer;
(f)    except to the extent not exceeding $4,000,000 in the aggregate for all such Receivables and unbilled Receivables, and the applicable Customer is an Investment Grade Customer, the sale is to a Customer outside the continental United States of America, unless the sale is on letter of credit, guaranty or acceptance terms, in each case acceptable to Agent in its Permitted Discretion;
8 Sixth Amendment.
14



(g)    the sale to the Customer is on a bill-and-hold, guaranteed sale, sale-and-return, sale on approval, consignment or any other repurchase or return basis or is evidenced by chattel paper;
(h)    Agent believes, in its Permitted Discretion, that collection of such Receivable is insecure or that such Receivable may not be paid by reason of the Customer’s financial inability to pay;
(i)    the Customer is the United States of America, any state or any department, agency or instrumentality of any of them, unless the applicable Borrower assigns its right to payment of such Receivable to Agent pursuant to the Assignment of Claims Act of 1940, as amended (31 U.S.C. Sub-Section 3727 et seq. and 41 U.S.C. Sub-Section 15 et seq.) or has otherwise complied with other applicable statutes or ordinances;
(j)    the goods giving rise to such Receivable have not been delivered to and accepted by the Customer or the services giving rise to such Receivable have not been performed by the applicable Borrower and accepted by the Customer or the Receivable otherwise does not represent a final sale;
(k)    the Receivables and unbilled Receivables of (a) the Customer with respect thereto exceed twenty-fivethirty percent (2530%) (or, in the case of Investment Grade Customers, thirty-fiveforty percent (3540%)) of all Receivables and unbilled Receivables of the Borrowers or (b) the Customer and its Affiliates with respect thereto exceed thirty percent (30%) (or, in the case of Investment Grade Customers, forty percent (40%)) of all Receivables and unbilled Receivables of the Borrowers; provided, that, such percentage may, in Agent’s Permitted Discretion, be increased or decreased from time to time;9
(l)    the Receivable is subject to any offset, deduction, defense, dispute, credits or counterclaim, or the Customer is also a creditor or supplier of a Borrower or the Receivable is contingent in any respect or for any reason; provided, in each case, such Receivable shall only be ineligible to the extent of the claim or contingency;
(m)    the applicable Borrower has made any agreement with any Customer for any deduction therefrom, except for discounts or allowances made in the Ordinary Course of Business for prompt payment, all of which discounts or allowances are reflected in the calculation of the face value of each respective invoice related thereto;
(n)    any return, rejection or repossession of the merchandise has occurred or the rendition of services has been disputed;
(o)    such Receivable is not payable to a Borrower;
(p)    such Receivable is not otherwise satisfactory to Agent as determined in Agent’s Permitted Discretion; or
(q)    such Receivable is owing to Myspace LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (“Myspace”); provided, however, to the extent the aggregate amount of such Receivables equals or exceeds $100,000, Borrowers may request that Agent no longer exclude such Receivables under this clause (q) so long as Agent has conducted, and been satisfied with the results of, a field examination of the Collateral, books, records and operations of Myspace;
9 Sixth Amendment.
15



provided, however, no Receivables acquired, directly or indirectly, pursuant to any Acquisition shall constitute Eligible Receivables unless and until the Agent has received or conducted, as applicable, a field examination satisfactory to Agent, in its Permitted Discretion, with respect to the acquired Person or assets, and an updated Borrowing Base Certificate.
Eligible Unbilled Receivables” shall mean and include, each Receivable of a Borrower (other than Eligible Receivables) arising in the Ordinary Course of Business (i) representing services previously performed by such Borrower and accepted by the Customer, (ii) which in accordance with such Borrower’s written agreement with the Customer, has not yet been fully invoiced and billed to the Customer and (iii) which Agent, in its Permitted Discretion, shall deem to be an Eligible Unbilled Receivable, based on such considerations as Agent may from time to time deem appropriate. A Receivable shall not be deemed an Eligible Unbilled Receivable unless such Receivable is subject to Agent’s first priority perfected security interest and no other Lien (other than Permitted Encumbrances which are not senior to Agent’s Lien), and is evidenced by documentation (other than an invoice) satisfactory to Agent in its Permitted Discretion; provided, however, no Receivables acquired, directly or indirectly, pursuant to any Acquisition shall constitute Eligible Receivables unless and until the Agent has received or conducted, as applicable, a field examination satisfactory to Agent, in its Permitted Discretion, with respect to the acquired Person or assets, and an updated Borrowing Base Certificate. In addition, no Receivable shall be an Eligible Unbilled Receivable if:
(a)    it has not been invoiced and billed to the Customer within forty (40) days of the applicable and corresponding service completion date;
(b)    with respect to any Receivable generated after the Closing Date, Agent shall not have received, upon request, a true, correct and complete copy of the written agreement between such Borrower and Customer in respect thereof;
(c)    if such Receivable had been billed, it would not constitute an Eligible Receivable.
Eligibility Date” shall mean, with respect to each Loan Party and each Swap, the date on which this Agreement or any Other Document becomes effective with respect to such Swap (for the avoidance of doubt, the Eligibility Date shall be the Effective Date of such Swap if this Agreement or any Other Document is then in effect with respect to such Loan Party, and otherwise it shall be the Effective Date of this Agreement and/or such Other Document(s) to which such Loan Party is a party).
Embargoed Propertyshall meanmeans any property (a) beneficially owned, directly or indirectly, by a Sanctioned Person; (b) that is due to or from a Sanctioned Person; (c) in which a Sanctioned Person otherwise holds any interest; (d) that is located in a Sanctioned Jurisdiction; or (e) that otherwise would cause any actual or possible violation by the Lenders or Agent of any applicable Anti-Terrorism Law if the Lenders were to obtain an encumbrance on, lien on, pledge of, or security interest in such property or provide services in consideration of such property.3
Environmental Complaint” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 9.3(b) hereof.
Environmental Laws” shall mean all federal, state and local environmental, land use, zoning, health, chemical use, safety and sanitation Laws relating to the protection of the environment, human health and/or governing the use, storage, treatment, generation, transportation, processing, handling, production or disposal of Hazardous Materials and the rules, regulations, policies, guidelines, interpretations, decisions, orders and directives of federal, state, international and local Governmental Bodies and authorities with respect thereto.
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Equity Interests” shall mean, with respect to any Person, any and all shares, rights to purchase, options, warrants, general, limited or limited liability partnership interests, member interests, participation or other equivalents of or interest in (regardless of how designated) equity of such Person, whether voting or nonvoting, including common stock, preferred stock, convertible securities or any other “equity security” (as such term is defined in Rule 3a11-1 of the General Rules and Regulations promulgated by the SEC under the Exchange Act), including in each case all of the following rights relating to such Equity Interests, whether arising under the Organizational Documents of the Person issuing such Equity Interests (the “issuer”) or under the applicable Laws of such issuer’s jurisdiction of organization relating to the formation, existence and governance of corporations, limited liability companies or partnerships or business trusts or other legal entities, as the case may be: (i) all economic rights (including all rights to receive dividends and distributions) relating to such Equity Interests; (ii) all voting rights and rights to consent to any particular action(s) by the applicable issuer; (iii) all management rights with respect to such issuer; (iv) in the case of any Equity Interests consisting of a general partner interest in a partnership, all powers and rights as a general partner with respect to the management, operations and control of the business and affairs of the applicable issuer; (v) in the case of any Equity Interests consisting of the membership/limited liability company interests of a managing member in a limited liability company, all powers and rights as a managing member with respect to the management, operations and control of the business and affairs of the applicable issuer; (vi) all rights to designate or appoint or vote for or remove any officers, directors, manager(s), general partner(s) or managing member(s) of such issuer and/or any members of any board of members/managers/partners/directors that may at any time have any rights to manage and direct the business and affairs of the applicable issuer under its Organizational Documents as in effect from time to time or under Applicable Law; (vii) all rights to amend the Organizational Documents of such issuer, (viii) in the case of any Equity Interests in a partnership or limited liability company, the status of the holder of such Equity Interests as a “partner”, general or limited, or “member” (as applicable) under the applicable Organizational Documents and/or Applicable Law; and (ix) all certificates evidencing such Equity Interests.
ERISA” shall mean the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, as the same may be amended or supplemented from time to time and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder.
Erroneous Payment” has the meaning assigned to it in Section 14.14(a).410
Erroneous Payment Deficiency Assignment” has the meaning assigned to it in Section 14.14(d).511
Erroneous Payment Impacted Class” has the meaning assigned to it in Section 14.14(d).612
Erroneous Payment Return Deficiency” has the meaning assigned to it in Section 14.14(d).713
“Erroneous Payment Subrogation Rights” has the meaning assigned to it in Section 14.14(d).814
Event of Default” shall have the meaning set forth in Article X hereof.
410 Fifth Amendment.
511 Fifth Amendment.
612 Fifth Amendment.
713 Fifth Amendment.
814 Fifth Amendment.
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Exchange Act” shall mean the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.
Excluded Account” shall mean (a) any deposit account, securities account, commodities account or other account of any Loan Party to the extent solely and exclusively used for payment of payroll, employee benefits and withholding taxes, (b) any deposit account, securities account, commodities account or other account of any Loan Party to the extent solely and exclusively used to hold any cash or Cash Equivalents pledged as a Permitted Encumbrance, (c) deposit accounts of any Loan Party which do not hold more than $250,000 in the aggregate at any time, and (d) deposit accounts which are used solely as an escrow account or as a fiduciary or trust account that is contractually obligated to be segregated from the other assets of the Loan Parties, in each case, for the benefit of unaffiliated third parties and to the extent such escrow or trust arrangement is permitted under this Agreement.
Excluded Hedge Liability or Liabilities” shall mean, with respect to each Loan Party, each of its Swap Obligations if, and only to the extent that, all or any portion of this Agreement or any Other Document that relates to such Swap Obligation is or becomes illegal under the CEA, or any rule, regulation or order of the CFTC, solely by virtue of such Loan Party’s failure to qualify as an Eligible Contract Participant on the Eligibility Date for such Swap. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in the foregoing or in any other provision of this Agreement or any Other Document, the foregoing is subject to the following provisos: (a) if a Swap Obligation arises under a master agreement governing more than one Swap, this definition shall apply only to the portion of such Swap Obligation that is attributable to Swaps for which such guaranty or security interest is or becomes illegal under the CEA, or any rule, regulations or order of the CFTC, solely as a result of the failure by such Loan Party for any reason to qualify as an Eligible Contract Participant on the Eligibility Date for such Swap; (b) if a guarantee of a Swap Obligation would cause such obligation to be an Excluded Hedge Liability but the grant of a security interest would not cause such obligation to be an Excluded Hedge Liability, such Swap Obligation shall constitute an Excluded Hedge Liability for purposes of the guaranty but not for purposes of the grant of the security interest; and (c) if there is more than one Loan Party executing this Agreement or the Other Documents and a Swap Obligation would be an Excluded Hedge Liability with respect to one or more of such Persons, but not all of them, the definition of Excluded Hedge Liability or Liabilities with respect to each such Person shall only be deemed applicable to (i) the particular Swap Obligations that constitute Excluded Hedge Liabilities with respect to such Person, and (ii) the particular Person with respect to which such Swap Obligations constitute Excluded Hedge Liabilities.
Excluded Property” shall mean: (a) any lease, license, franchise, charter or other governmental authorization, or any other contract or agreement to which any Loan Party is a party, and any of its rights or interests thereunder or assets subject thereto, if and to the extent that a Lien in favor of Agent is prohibited by or in violation of (i) any Applicable Law, or (ii) a term, provision or condition of any such lease, license, charter, governmental authorization, contract or agreement; provided, that, in each case, if such Applicable Law, term, provision or condition would be rendered ineffective with respect to the creation or enforcement of such security interest pursuant to Sections 9-406, 9-407, 9-408 or 9-409 of the Uniform Commercial Code (or any successor provision or provisions) of any relevant jurisdiction or any other Applicable Law (including the United States Bankruptcy Code) or principles of equity, or the consent of any applicable Person to the granting of such Lien in favor of Agent has been obtained, then the foregoing shall not constitute Excluded Property (and shall constitute Collateral) immediately at such time as the contractual or legal prohibition shall no longer be applicable; provided, further, that, to the extent severable, Agent’s Lien shall attach immediately to any portion of such lease, license, charter, governmental authorization, contract, agreement or assets not subject to the foregoing prohibitions; (b) any Equity Interests of a Subsidiary of a Loan Party that do not constitute Subsidiary Stock; (c) “intent-to-use” United States trademark applications to the extent that an amendment to allege use or statement of use has not been filed
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under 15 U.S.C. §1051(c) or 15 U.S.C. §1051(d), respectively, or if filed, has not been deemed in conformity with 15 U.S.C. §1051(a) or (c), it being agreed that for purposes of this Agreement and the Other Documents, no Lien granted to Agent on any “intent-to-use” United States trademark applications is intended to be a present assignment thereof; (d) any Excluded Account of the type described in clause (a), (b) or (d) of the definition thereof (including all deposits and other financial assets maintained in any such Excluded Account); (e) all Real Property that is not subject to a Mortgage and is not required by the terms of this Agreement to be subject to a Mortgage; (f) cash pledged pursuant to a Permitted Encumbrance; and (g) any CFC Debt or any other asset held by a CFC, in each case, only to the extent that the pledge of the CFC Debt would cause, or is reasonably expected to cause in the future, any United States shareholder (as defined in Section 951(b) of the Code) of the CFC to include in income for any year a Section 956 Inclusion Amount that exceeds the amount that would be included absent the pledge of the CFC Debt; provided, however, that Excluded Property shall not include any proceeds (or right to receive proceeds) of any of the assets described in the foregoing unless such proceeds (or right to receive proceeds) shall separately constitute Excluded Property, or any goodwill of any Loan Party’s business associated therewith or attributable thereto.
Excluded Taxes” shall mean, with respect to Agent, any Lender, Participant, Swing Loan Lender, Issuer or any other recipient of any payment to be made by or on account of any Obligations, (a) taxes imposed on or measured by its overall net income (however denominated), and franchise taxes imposed on it (in lieu of net income taxes), by the jurisdiction (or any political subdivision thereof) under the Laws of which such recipient is organized or in which its principal office or applicable lending office is located or, in the case of any Lender, Participant, Swing Loan Lender or Issuer, in which its applicable lending office is located, (b) any branch profits taxes imposed by the United States of America or any similar tax imposed by any other jurisdiction in which any Borrower is located, (c) in the case of a Foreign Lender, any withholding tax that is imposed on amounts payable to such Foreign Lender at the time such Foreign Lender becomes a party hereto (or designates a new lending office) or is attributable to such Foreign Lender’s failure or inability (other than as a result of a Change in Law) to comply with Section 3.10(e), except to the extent that such Foreign Lender or Participant (or its assignor or seller of a participation, if any) was entitled, at the time of designation of a new lending office (or assignment or sale of a participation), to receive additional amounts from Borrowers with respect to such withholding tax pursuant to Section 3.10(a), or (d) any Taxes imposed on any “withholding payment” payable to such recipient as a result of the failure of such recipient to satisfy the requirements set forth in the FATCA after December 31, 2012.
Facility Fee” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 3.3 hereof.
FATCA” shall mean Sections 1471 through 1474 of the Code, as of the date of this Agreement (or any amended or successor version that is substantively comparable and not materially more onerous to comply with) and any current or future regulations thereunder or official interpretations thereof.
Federal Funds Effective Rate” shall mean for any day the rate per annum (based on a year of 360 days and actual days elapsed and rounded upward to the nearest 1/100 of 1%) calculated by the Federal Reserve Bank of New York (or any successor), based on such day’s federal funds transactions by depository institutions, as determined in such manner as such Federal Reserve Bank (or any successor) shall set forth on its public website from time to time, and as published on the next succeeding Business Day by such Federal Reserve Bank as the “Federal Funds Effective Rate”; provided, that, if such Federal Reserve Bank (or its successor) does not publish such rate on any day, the “Federal Funds Effective Rate” for such day shall be the Federal Funds Effective Rate for the last day on which such rate was published (or announced, as applicable).
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Fee Letter” shall mean the fee letter dated the Closing Date among Borrowers and PNC.
“Field Exam Reduction Condition” means that, as of the end of each calendar month, the average outstanding balance of all Obligations during the preceding six month period (inclusive of the month so ended) does not exceed more than twenty five percent (25%) of the Maximum Revolving Advance Amount.15
Financial Condition Certificate” shall mean a certificate in the form of Exhibit F-1 hereto.
Fixed Charge Coverage Ratio” shall mean, with respect to any specified fiscal period, for the Loan Parties on a Consolidated Basis, the ratio of (a) EBITDA, minus Unfunded Capital Expenditures made during such period, minus distributions and dividends made during such period (excluding, to the extent historically reflected therein, distributions made in lieu of salary and other cash compensation of the sort contemplated by clause (f) of the definition of Permitted Dividends), including, for the avoidance of doubt, distributions and dividends made by Viant, minus taxes accrued during such period, minus, without duplication of any of the foregoing, accruals for payments under the Tax Receivables Agreement, to (b) all Debt Payments made, or required to be made, in cash during such period.
Flood Laws” shall mean all Applicable Laws relating to policies and procedures that address requirements placed on federally regulated lenders under the National Flood Insurance Reform Act of 1994 and other Applicable Laws related thereto.
Foreign Currency Hedge” shall mean any foreign exchange transaction, including spot and forward foreign currency purchases and sales, listed or over-the-counter options on foreign currencies, non-deliverable forwards and options, foreign currency swap agreements, currency exchange rate price hedging arrangements, and any other similar transaction providing for the purchase of one currency in exchange for the sale of another currency entered into by any Loan Party and/or any of its Subsidiaries.
Foreign Currency Hedge Liabilities” shall have the meaning assigned in the definition of Lender-Provided Foreign Currency Hedge.
Foreign Holding Company” shall mean any Subsidiary of a Loan Party substantially all of the assets of which consist of CFC Debt or Equity Interests or other securities of one or more CFCs (or are treated as consisting of such assets for U.S. federal income tax purposes).
Foreign Lender” shall mean any Lender that is organized under the Laws of a jurisdiction other than that in which Borrowers are resident for tax purposes. For purposes of this definition, the United States of America, each State thereof and the District of Columbia shall be deemed to constitute a single jurisdiction.
Foreign Loan Party” shall mean any Loan Party other than a Domestic Loan Party.
Foreign Subsidiary” shall mean any Subsidiary of any Person that is not organized or incorporated in the United States, any State or territory thereof or the District of Columbia.
Formula Amount” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 2.1(a) hereof.
15 Sixth Amendment.
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Fourth Amendment” shall mean the Fourth Amendment to Revolving Credit and Security Agreement and Guaranty, dated as of January 29, 2021, among Viant, Holdings, the other Guarantors party thereto, the Lenders party thereto and the Agent.
Fourth Amendment Effective Date” shall have the meaning given to “Amendment Effective Date” in the Fourth Amendment.
Funded Debt” shall mean, with respect to any Person, without duplication, all (a) Indebtedness for borrowed money, and specifically including Capitalized Lease Obligations, Subordinated Indebtedness, current maturities of long-term debt, revolving credit and short term debt extendible beyond one year at the option of the debtor, (b) in the case of the Loan Parties, the principal portion of the Obligations, (c) without duplication, Indebtedness consisting of guaranties of Funded Debt of other Persons, and (d) Indebtedness consisting of “earnouts” and similar obligations and liabilities to the extent such earnouts or other similar obligations have become due and payable in accordance with their terms.
Funding Account” shall mean the deposit account of Borrowing Agent established with PNC for purposes of receiving proceeds of Advances.
GAAP” shall mean generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America in effect from time to time.
Governmental Acts” shall mean any act or omission, whether rightful or wrongful, of any present or future de jure or de facto Governmental Body.
Governmental Body” shall mean any nation or government, any state or other political subdivision thereof or any entity, authority, agency, division or department exercising the executive, legislative, judicial, taxing, regulatory or administrative powers or functions of or pertaining to a government (including any supra-national bodies such as the European Union or the European Central Bank) and any group or body charged with setting financial accounting or regulatory capital rules or standards (including, without limitation, the Financial Accounting Standards Board, the Bank for International Settlements or the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision or any successor or similar authority to any of the foregoing).
Guarantor” shall mean each Person signatory hereto as a Guarantor and each other Person who may hereafter guarantee payment or performance of the whole or any part of the Obligations and “Guarantors” means collectively all such Persons; provided, however, for purposes of Article XVII hereof only, Guarantor also means, with respect to each Borrower, each other Borrower.
Guarantor Security Agreement” shall mean, with respect to each Guarantor signatory hereto (including by joinder), this Agreement, and otherwise, each security agreement executed by any Guarantor in favor of Agent securing all or any portion of the Obligations or the Guaranty of such Guarantor, in form and substance satisfactory to Agent.
Guaranty” shall mean, with respect to each Guarantor signatory hereto, this Agreement, and otherwise, each guaranty of all or any portion of the Obligations executed by a Guarantor in favor of Agent for its benefit and for the ratable benefit of the Secured Parties, in form and substance satisfactory to Agent.
Hazardous Discharge” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 9.3(b) hereof.
Hazardous Materials” shall mean, without limitation, any flammable explosives, radon, radioactive materials, asbestos, urea formaldehyde foam insulation, polychlorinated biphenyls,
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petroleum and petroleum products, methane, hazardous materials, Hazardous Wastes, hazardous or Toxic Substances or related materials as defined in or subject to regulation under Environmental Laws.
Hazardous Wastes” shall mean all waste materials subject to regulation under CERCLA, RCRA or applicable state Law, and any other applicable Federal and state Laws now in force or hereafter enacted relating to hazardous waste disposal.
Hedge Liabilities” shall mean collectively, the Foreign Currency Hedge Liabilities and the Interest Rate Hedge Liabilities.
Holdings” shall mean Viant Technology Inc., a Delaware corporation and its permitted successors and assigns.
Holdings IPO” shall have the meaning set forth in the Fourth Amendment.
Increased Tax Burden” shall mean the additional federal, state or local taxes assumed to be payable by a shareholder or member of any Borrower as a result of such Borrower’s status as a limited liability company, subchapter S corporation or any other entity that is disregarded for federal and state income tax purposes (as applicable) but only so long as such Borrower has elected to be treated as a pass though entity for federal and state income tax purposes and such election has not been rescinded or withdrawn, as evidenced and substantiated by the tax returns filed by such Borrower (as applicable), with such taxes being calculated for all members or shareholders, as applicable, at the highest marginal rate applicable to any member or shareholder, as applicable and by taking into account losses previously allocated to each such member or shareholder, as applicable, by such Borrower to the extent such losses have not previously been applied to reduce the Increased Tax Burden hereunder; provided that capital losses and capital loss carry forwards shall be taken into account only to the extent they are currently usable to offset income or gain allocated by such Borrower to a member or shareholder, as applicable; and provided, further, that to the extent that any losses allocated by such Borrower result in a payback by a member(s) to such Borrower of previous tax distributions pursuant to Section 7.7 hereof, then such losses shall not be taken into account for purposes of determining the Increased Tax Burden hereunder.
Indebtedness” shall mean, as to any Person at any time, any and all indebtedness, obligations or liabilities (whether matured or unmatured, liquidated or unliquidated, direct or indirect, absolute or contingent, or joint or several) of such Person for or in respect of: (a) borrowed money; (b) amounts received under or liabilities in respect of any note purchase or acceptance credit facility, and all obligations of such Person evidenced by bonds, debentures, notes or other similar instruments; (c) all Capitalized Lease Obligations; (d) reimbursement obligations (contingent or otherwise) under any letter of credit agreement, banker’s acceptance agreement or similar arrangement; (e) obligations under any Interest Rate Hedge, Foreign Currency Hedge, or other interest rate management device, foreign currency exchange agreement, currency swap agreement, commodity price protection agreement or other interest or currency exchange rate or commodity price hedging arrangement; (f) any other advances of credit made to or on behalf of such Person or other transaction (including forward sale or purchase agreements, capitalized leases and conditional sales agreements) having the commercial effect of a borrowing of money entered into by such Person to finance its operations or capital requirements including to finance the purchase price of property or services and all obligations of such Person to pay the deferred purchase price of property or services (but not including trade payables and accrued expenses incurred in the Ordinary Course of Business which are not represented by a promissory note or other evidence of indebtedness and other than deferred compensation arising in the Ordinary Course of Business); (g) all Disqualified Equity Interests; (h) all indebtedness, obligations or liabilities secured by a Lien on any asset of such Person,
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whether or not such indebtedness, obligations or liabilities are otherwise an obligation of such Person; (i) all obligations of such Person for “earnouts”, purchase price adjustments, profit sharing arrangements, deferred purchase money amounts and similar payment obligations or continuing obligations of any nature of such Person arising out of purchase and sale contracts; (j) off-balance sheet liabilities and/or pension plan liabilities of such Person; (k) obligations arising under bonus, deferred compensation, incentive compensation or similar arrangements, other than those arising in the Ordinary Course of Business; and (l) any guaranty of any indebtedness, obligations or liabilities of a type described in the foregoing clauses (a) through (k).
Indemnified Taxes” shall mean Taxes other than Excluded Taxes.
Ineligible Security” shall mean any security which may not be underwritten or dealt in by member banks of the Federal Reserve System under Section 16 of the Banking Act of 1933 (12 U.S.C. Section 24, Seventh), as amended.
Insolvency Event” shall mean, with respect to any Person, including without limitation any Lender, such Person or such Person’s direct or indirect Parent (a) becomes the subject of a bankruptcy or insolvency proceeding (including any proceeding under Title 11 of the United States Code), or regulatory restrictions, (b) has had a receiver, conservator, trustee, administrator, custodian, assignee for the benefit of creditors or similar Person charged with the reorganization or liquidation of its business appointed for it or has called a meeting of its creditors, (c) admits in writing its inability, or be generally unable, to pay its debts as they become due or ceases operations of its present business, (d) with respect to a Lender, such Lender is unable to perform hereunder due to the application of Applicable Law, or (e) in the good faith determination of Agent, has taken any action in furtherance of, or indicating its consent to, approval of, or acquiescence in, any such proceeding or appointment of a type described in clauses (a) or (b), provided that an Insolvency Event shall not result solely by virtue of any ownership interest, or the acquisition of any ownership interest, in such Person or such Person’s direct or indirect Parent by a Governmental Body or instrumentality thereof if, and only if, such ownership interest does not result in or provide such Person with immunity from the jurisdiction of courts within the United States or from the enforcement of judgments or writs of attachment on its assets or permit such Person (or such Governmental Body or instrumentality) to reject, repudiate, disavow or disaffirm any contracts or agreements made by such Person.
Intellectual Property” shall mean property constituting a patent, copyright, trademark (or any application in respect of the foregoing), service mark, copyright, copyright application, trade name, mask work, trade secrets, design right, assumed name or license or other right to use any of the foregoing under Applicable Law.
Intellectual Property Claim” shall mean the assertion, by any means, by any Person of a claim that any Loan Party’s ownership, use, manufacturing, marketing, sale or distribution of any Inventory, equipment, Intellectual Property or other property or asset is violative of any ownership of or right to use any Intellectual Property of such Person.
Interest Period” shall mean the period provided for any LIBORTerm SOFR Rate Loan pursuant to Section 2.2(b) hereof.16
Interest Rate Hedge” shall mean an interest rate exchange, collar, cap, swap, floor, adjustable strike cap, adjustable strike corridor, cross-currency swap or similar agreements entered into by any Loan Party and/or their respective Subsidiaries in order to provide protection to, or minimize the impact upon, such Loan Party and/or their respective Subsidiaries of increasing floating rates of interest applicable to Indebtedness.
16 Sixth Amendment.
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Interest Rate Hedge Liabilities” shall have the meaning assigned in the definition of Lender-Provided Interest Rate Hedge.
Inventory” shall mean and include, as to any Person, all of such Person’s inventory (as defined in Article 9 of the Uniform Commercial Code) and all of such Person’s goods, merchandise and other personal property, wherever located, to be furnished under any consignment arrangement, contract of service or held for sale or lease, all raw materials, work in process, finished goods and materials and supplies of any kind, nature or description which are or might be used or consumed in such Person’s business or used in selling or furnishing such goods, merchandise and other personal property, and all Documents.
Investment Grade Customer” shall mean (a) any Customer with a corporate credit rating of BBB- or greater from S&P and Baa3 or greater from Moody’s, and (b) Subsidiary of any Customer described in clause (a) above.
Investment Property Collateral” shall include, with respect to each Loan Party, (i) securities entitlements, securities accounts, commodity accounts, commodity contracts and all investment property, including the investment property and other assets described in Schedule S-1 hereto, and all security entitlements of such Loan Party with respect thereto, whether now owned or hereafter acquired, together with all additions, substitutions, replacements and proceeds thereof and all income, interest, dividends and other distributions thereon; and (ii) all proceeds and products of the foregoing clauses in whatever form, including, but not limited to: deposit accounts (whether or not comprised solely of proceeds), certificates of deposit, insurance proceeds (including hazard, flood and credit insurance), negotiable instruments and other instruments for the payment of money, chattel paper, security agreements, documents, eminent domain proceeds, condemnation proceeds and tort claim proceeds; provided, however, that unless otherwise expressly agreed in writing by such Loan Party, notwithstanding any provision set forth in this Agreement or any Other Document to the contrary, in no event shall any Equity Interests of any Loan Party in its Subsidiaries that is not Subsidiary Stock constitute Investment Property Collateral.
Issuer” shall mean (i) Agent in its capacity as the issuer of Letters of Credit under this Agreement and (ii) any other Person which Agent in its discretion shall designate as the issuer of and cause to issue any particular Letter of Credit under this Agreement in place of Agent as issuer.
Law(s)” shall mean any law(s) (including common law and equitable principles), constitution, statute, treaty, regulation, rule, ordinance, opinion, issued guidance, code, release, ruling, order, executive order, injunction, writ, decree, bond, judgment, authorization or approval, lien or award of or any settlement arrangement, by agreement, consent or otherwise, with any Governmental Body, foreign or domestic.
Lender” and “Lenders” shall have the meaning ascribed to such term in the preamble to this Agreement and shall include each Person which becomes a transferee, successor or assign of any Lender. For the purpose of provision of this Agreement or any Other Document which provides for the granting of a security interest or other Lien to the Agent for the benefit of Lenders as security for the Obligations, “Lenders” shall include any Affiliate of a Lender to which such Obligation (specifically including any Hedge Liabilities and any Cash Management Liabilities) is owed.
Lender-Provided Foreign Currency Hedge” shall mean a Foreign Currency Hedge which is provided by Agent or any Affiliate of Agent, or by any Lender with respect to which such Lender confirms to Agent in writing prior to the execution thereof that it: (a) is documented in a standard International Swap Dealers Association, Inc. Master Agreement or another reasonable
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and customary manner; (b) provides for the method of calculating the reimbursable amount of the provider’s credit exposure in a reasonable and customary manner; and (c) is entered into for hedging (rather than speculative) purposes. The liabilities owing to the provider of any Lender-Provided Foreign Currency Hedge (the “Foreign Currency Hedge Liabilities”) by any Loan Party, or any of their respective Subsidiaries that is party to such Lender-Provided Foreign Currency Hedge shall, for purposes of this Agreement and all Other Documents be “Obligations” of such Person and of each other Loan Party, be guaranteed obligations hereunder and under each Guaranty and secured obligations under each Guarantor Security Agreement, as applicable, and otherwise treated as Obligations for purposes of the Other Documents, except to the extent constituting Excluded Hedge Liabilities of such Person. The Liens securing the Foreign Currency Hedge Liabilities shall be pari passu with the Liens securing all other Obligations under this Agreement and the Other Documents, subject to the express provisions of Section 11.5 hereof.
Lender-Provided Interest Rate Hedge” shall mean an Interest Rate Hedge which is provided by Agent or any Affiliate of Agent, or by any Lender with respect to which such Lender confirms to Agent in writing prior to the execution thereof that it: (a) is documented in a standard International Swap Dealers Association, Inc. Master Agreement or another reasonable and customary manner; (b) provides for the method of calculating the reimbursable amount of the provider’s credit exposure in a reasonable and customary manner; and (c) is entered into for hedging (rather than speculative) purposes. The liabilities owing to the provider of any Lender-Provided Interest Rate Hedge (the “Interest Rate Hedge Liabilities”) by any Loan Party, or any of their respective Subsidiaries that is party to such Lender-Provided Interest Rate Hedge shall, for purposes of this Agreement and all Other Documents be “Obligations” of such Person and of each other Loan Party, be guaranteed obligations hereunder and under each Guaranty and secured obligations under each Guarantor Security Agreement, as applicable, and otherwise treated as Obligations for purposes of the Other Documents, except to the extent constituting Excluded Hedge Liabilities of such Person. The Liens securing the Interest Rate Hedge Liabilities shall be pari passu with the Liens securing all other Obligations under this Agreement and the Other Documents, subject to the express provisions of Section 11.5 hereof.
Letter of Credit Application” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 2.12(a) hereof.
Letter of Credit Borrowing” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 2.14(d) hereof.
Letter of Credit Fees” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 3.2 hereof.
Letter of Credit Sublimit” shall mean $4,000,0005,000,000.17
Letters of Credit” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 2.11 hereof.
LIBOR Alternate Source” shall have the meaning set forth in the definition of LIBOR Rate.
LIBOR Rate” shall mean for any LIBOR Rate Loan for the then current Interest Period relating thereto, the interest rate per annum determined by Agent by dividing (the resulting quotient rounded upwards, if necessary, to the nearest 1/100th of 1% per annum) (a) the rate which appears on the Bloomberg Page BBAM1 (or on such other substitute Bloomberg page that displays rates at which Dollar deposits are offered by leading banks in the London interbank deposit market), or the rate which is quoted by another source selected by Agent as an authorized information vendor for the purpose of displaying rates at which Dollar deposits are offered by leading banks in the London interbank deposit market (a “LIBOR Alternate Source”), at approximately 11:00 a.m., London time, two (2) Business Days prior to the commencement of
17 Sixth Amendment.
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such Interest Period as the London interbank offered rate for Dollars for an amount comparable to such LIBOR Rate Loan and having a borrowing date and a maturity comparable to such Interest Period (or (x) if there shall at any time, for any reason, no longer exist a Bloomberg Page BBAM1 (or any substitute page) or any LIBOR Alternate Source, a comparable replacement rate determined by Agent at such time (which determination shall be conclusive absent manifest error), (y) if the LIBOR Rate is unascertainable as set forth in Section 3.8(b), a comparable replacement rate determined in accordance with Section 3.8(b)), by (b) a number equal to 1.00 minus the Reserve Percentage; provided, however, that if the LIBOR Rate determined as provided above would be less than zero, such rate shall be deemed to be zero for purposes of this Agreement. The LIBOR Rate shall be adjusted with respect to any LIBOR Rate Loan that is outstanding on the effective date of any change in the Reserve Percentage as of such effective date. Agent shall give reasonably prompt notice to the Borrowing Agent of the LIBOR Rate as determined or adjusted in accordance herewith, which determination shall be conclusive absent manifest error.
LIBOR Rate Loan” shall mean any Advance that bears interest based on the LIBOR Rate.
Lien” shall mean any mortgage, deed of trust, pledge, hypothecation, collateral assignment, security interest, lien (whether statutory or otherwise), Charge or encumbrance, or preference, priority or other security agreement or preferential arrangement held or asserted in respect of any asset of any kind or nature whatsoever including any conditional sale or other title retention agreement, any lease having substantially the same economic effect as any of the foregoing, and the filing of, or agreement to give, any financing statement under the Uniform Commercial Code or comparable law of any jurisdiction.
Lien Waiver/Access Agreement” shall mean an agreement in form and substance satisfactory to Agent in its Permitted Discretion which is executed in favor of Agent by a Person who owns or occupies, or holds a senior mortgage with respect to, premises at which any Collateral may be located from time to time, or who may be in possession or control of any Collateral from time to time.
Liquidity” shall mean, as of any date of determination, the sum of (a) Undrawn Availability plus (b) so long as no Event of Default has occurred and is continuing, up to $2,000,000 of Qualified Cash; provided, however, such amount of included Qualified Cash may be increased to $3,000,000 if Agent has received an updated Borrowing Base Certificate dated as of a date not more than 5 Business Days prior to the applicable date of determination.
LLC Division” shall mean, in the event a Loan Party is a limited liability company, (a) the division of any such Loan Party into two or more newly formed limited liability companies (whether or not such Loan Party is a surviving entity following any such division) pursuant to Section 18-217 of the Delaware Limited Liability Company Act or any similar provision under any similar act governing limited liability companies organized under the laws of any other State or Commonwealth or of the District of Columbia, or (b) the adoption of a plan contemplating, or the filing of any certificate with any applicable Governmental Body that results or may result in, any such division.
Loan Parties” shall mean, collectively, Borrowers and Guarantors and “Loan Party” shall mean any of them.
Loan Parties on a Consolidated Basis” shall mean the consolidation in accordance with GAAP of the accounts or other items of Viant (or after the closing of the Holdings IPO, of Holdings) and its Subsidiaries, but excluding Viant UK.
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Material Adverse Effect” shall mean a material adverse effect on (a) the condition (financial or otherwise), results of operations, assets, business, properties or prospects of any Borrower or of the Loan Parties and their Subsidiaries taken as a whole, (b) any Borrower’s, or the Loan Parties’ taken as a whole, ability to duly and punctually pay or perform the Obligations in accordance with the terms thereof, (c) the value of the Collateral, or Agent’s Liens on the Collateral or the priority of any such Lien or (d) the practical realization of the benefits of Agent’s and each Lender’s rights and remedies under this Agreement and the Other Documents.
Material Contract” shall mean any contract, agreement, instrument, permit, lease or license, written or oral, of any Loan Party, which is material to any Loan Party’s business or which the failure to comply with could reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect.
Maximum Revolving Advance Amount” shall mean $40,000,00075,000,000.18
Maximum Swing Loan Advance Amount” shall mean an amount equal to ten percent (10%) of the Maximum Revolving Advance Amount.
Maximum Undrawn Amount” shall mean, with respect to any outstanding Letter of Credit as of any date, the amount of such Letter of Credit that is or may become available to be drawn, including all automatic increases provided for in such Letter of Credit, whether or not any such automatic increase has become effective.
Modified Commitment Transfer Supplement” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 16.3(d)hereof.
Multiemployer Plan” shall mean a “multiemployer plan” as defined in Sections 3(37) or 4001(a)(3) of ERISA to which contributions are required or, within the preceding five plan years, were required by any Loan Party or any member of the Controlled Group.
Multiple Employer Plan” shall mean a Plan which has two or more contributing sponsors (including any Loan Party or any member of the Controlled Group) at least two of whom are not under common control, as such a plan is described in Section 4064 of ERISA.
Non-Defaulting Lender” shall mean, at any time, any Lender holding a Revolving Commitment that is not a Defaulting Lender at such time.
Non-Qualifying Party” shall mean any Loan Party that on the Eligibility Date fails for any reason to qualify as an Eligible Contract Participant.
Notes” shall mean collectively, the Revolving Credit Note and the Swing Loan Note.
Obligations” shall mean and include (a) any and all loans (including without limitation, all Advances and Swing Loans), advances, debts, liabilities, obligations (including without limitation all reimbursement obligations and cash collateralization obligations with respect to Letters of Credit issued hereunder), covenants and duties owing by any Loan Party or any Subsidiary of any Loan Party under this Agreement or any Other Document (and any amendments, extensions, renewals or increases thereto), to Issuer, Swing Loan Lender, Lenders or Agent (or to any other direct or indirect subsidiary or affiliate of Issuer, Swing Loan Lender, any Lender or Agent) of any kind or nature, present or future (including any interest or other amounts accruing thereon, any fees accruing under or in connection therewith, any costs and expenses of any Person payable by any Loan Party and any indemnification obligations payable
18 Sixth Amendment.
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by any Loan Party arising or payable after maturity or the Termination Date, or after the filing of any petition in bankruptcy, or the commencement of any insolvency, reorganization or like proceeding relating to any Loan Party, whether or not a claim for post-filing or post-petition interest, fees or other amounts is allowable or allowed in such proceeding), whether direct or indirect (including those acquired by assignment or participation), absolute or contingent, joint or several, due or to become due, now existing or hereafter arising, contractual or tortious, liquidated or unliquidated, regardless of how such indebtedness or liabilities arise, including all costs and expenses of Agent, Issuer, Swing Loan Lender and any Lender incurred in the documentation, negotiation, modification, enforcement, collection or otherwise in connection with any of the foregoing, including but not limited to reasonable attorneys’ fees and expenses and all obligations of any Loan Party to Agent, Issuer, Swing Loan Lender or Lenders to perform acts or refrain from taking any action, (b) all Hedge Liabilities and (c) all Cash Management Liabilities. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in the foregoing, the Obligations shall not include any Excluded Hedge Liabilities.
Ordinary Course of Business” shall mean, with respect to any Loan Party, the ordinary course of such Loan Party’s business as conducted on the Closing Date and reasonably related extensions thereof.
Organizational Documents” shall mean, with respect to any Person, any charter, articles or certificate of incorporation, certificate of organization, registration or formation, certificate of partnership or limited partnership, bylaws, operating agreement, limited liability company agreement, or partnership agreement of such Person and any and all other applicable documents relating to such Person’s formation, organization or entity governance matters (including any shareholders’ or equity holders’ agreement or voting trust agreement) and specifically includes, without limitation, any certificates of designation for preferred stock or other forms of preferred equity.
Other Documents” shall mean the Notes, the Perfection Certificates, the Fee Letter, each Guaranty, each Guarantor Security Agreement, each Mortgage, each Pledge Agreement, each Lender-Provided Interest Rate Hedge, each Lender-Provided Foreign Currency Hedge, the documents and agreements providing for Cash Management Products and Services or otherwise giving rise to Cash Management Liabilities, the Subordination Agreements, all certificates delivered pursuant to this Agreement, and any and all other agreements, instruments and documents, including subordination and intercreditor agreements, guaranties, pledges, security agreements, control agreements, powers of attorney, consents, interest or currency swap agreements or other similar agreements and all other writings heretofore, now or hereafter executed by any Loan Party or creditor thereof and/or delivered to Agent, Issuer, or any Lender in respect of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement, in each case together with all extensions, renewals, amendments, supplements, modifications, substitutions and replacements thereto and thereof.
Other Taxes” shall mean all present or future stamp or documentary taxes or any other excise or property taxes, charges or similar levies arising from any payment made hereunder or under any Other Document or from the execution, delivery or enforcement of, or otherwise with respect to, this Agreement or any Other Document.
Out-of-Formula Loans” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 16.2(e) hereof.
Overnight Bank Funding Rate” shall mean, for any, day the rate per annum (based on a year of 360 days and actual days elapsed) comprised of both overnight federal funds and overnight Eurocurrency borrowings by U.S.-managed banking offices of depository institutions, as such composite rate shall be determined by the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, as set forth on its public website from time to time, and as published on the next succeeding Business
28



Day as the overnight bank funding rate by such Federal Reserve Bank (or by such other recognized electronic source (such as Bloomberg) selected by the Agent for the purpose of displaying such rate) (an “Alternate Source”); provided, that, if such day is not a Business Day, the Overnight Bank Funding Rate for such day shall be such rate on the immediately preceding Business Day; provided, further, that, if such rate shall at any time, for any reason, no longer exist, a comparable replacement rate determined by the Agent at such time (which determination shall be conclusive absent manifest error). If the Overnight Bank Funding Rate determined as above would be less than zero, then such rate shall be deemed to be zero. The rate of interest charged shall be adjusted as of each Business Day based on changes in the Overnight Bank Funding Rate without notice to the Borrowers.
Parent” of any Person shall mean a corporation or other Person owning, directly or indirectly, 100% or of the Equity Interests issued by such Person.
Participant” shall mean each Person who shall be granted the right by any Lender to participate in any of the Advances and who shall have entered into a participation agreement in form and substance satisfactory to such Lender.
Participation Advance” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 2.14(d) hereof.
Participation Commitment” shall mean the obligation hereunder of each Lender holding a Revolving Commitment to buy a participation equal to its Revolving Commitment Percentage (subject to any reallocation pursuant to Section 2.22(b)(ii) hereof) in the Swing Loans made by Swing Loan Lender hereunder as provided for in Section 2.4(c) hereof and in the Letters of Credit issued hereunder as provided for in Section 2.14(a) hereof.
Past Due Payable Reserve” shall mean a reserve established by the Agent in an amount equal to the aggregate amounts due and owing to any Borrower’s trade creditors which are outstanding sixty (60) days or more past their due date.
Payment Conditions” shall mean as to any relevant action contemplated in this Agreement, (a) no Event of Default has then occurred and is continuing or would immediately result from such action, (b) the Borrowers have Undrawn Availability on a pro forma basis of at least 30% of the Maximum Revolving Advance Amount (i) on average basis for the fifteen (15) calendar day period prior to taking such action when measured as if the action had been taken at the beginning of such period, and (ii) immediately after giving effect to such action.
Payment Office” shall mean initially Two Tower Center Boulevard, East Brunswick, New Jersey 08816; thereafter, such other office of Agent, if any, which it may designate by notice to Borrowing Agent and to each Lender to be the Payment Office.
Payment Recipient” has the meaning assigned to it in Section 14.14(a).919
PBGC” shall mean the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation established pursuant to Subtitle A of Title IV of ERISA or any successor.
Pension Benefit Plan” shall mean at any time any “employee pension benefit plan” as defined in Section 3(2) of ERISA (including a Multiple Employer Plan, but not a Multiemployer Plan) which is covered by Title IV of ERISA or is subject to the minimum funding standards under Sections 412, 430 or 436 of the Code and either (i) is maintained or to which contributions are required by any Loan Party or any member of the Controlled Group or (ii) has at any time
919 Fifth Amendment.
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within the preceding five years been maintained or to which contributions have been required by any Loan Party or any entity which was at such time a member of the Controlled Group.
Perfection Certificates” shall mean, collectively, (a) the Perfection and Information Certificate provided by the Loan Parties to Agent on the Closing Date, together with all updates and supplements thereto provided pursuant to the terms hereof, and (b) any similar certificate provide by any Person becoming a Loan Party after the Closing Date, together with all updates and supplements thereto provided pursuant to the terms hereof.
Permitted Acquisition” shall mean any Acquisition made by a Loan Party (or Domestic Subsidiary thereof which, upon consummation of such Acquisition, will become a Loan Party) so long as:
(a)    the Payment Conditions are met;
(b)    such Acquisition is consensual;
(c)    no Indebtedness would be incurred, assumed or would otherwise exist after giving pro forma effect to such Acquisition that is not Permitted Indebtedness and no Liens will be incurred, assumed or would otherwise exist after giving pro forma effect to such Acquisition that are not Permitted Encumbrances;
(d)    the applicable Loan Party has provided Agent with written confirmation, supported by reasonably detailed calculations and otherwise in form satisfactory to Agent, that, on a pro forma basis after giving effect to such Acquisition, the earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization minus capitalized (and not otherwise expensed) data acquisition costs and software development costs, with such adjustments thereto as are supported by a quality of earnings report satisfactory to Agent in its Permitted Discretion, of the Person which is, or associated with the assets which are, the subject of such Acquisition would not be less than $0 when measured for the twelve month period most recently ended with respect to which at least thirty (30) days have elapsed;
(e)    subject to Agent executing customary non-reliance letters, the applicable Loan Party has provided Agent with (i) with respect to Acquisitions for which the total consideration is $20,000,000 or less, its due diligence package relative to the proposed Acquisition at least ten (10) Business Days (or such shorter period as Agent may consent to) prior to the date such Acquisition is to be consummated, including historical and forecasted, for the four fiscal quarter period ending one year after the date such Acquisition is to be consummated, balance sheets, profit and loss statements, and cash flow statements of the Person or with respect to the assets to be acquired, all prepared on a basis consistent with GAAP and the historical financial statements of such Person or relating to such assets, and in the case of such forecasted statements, together with supporting details and a statement of underlying assumptions, and (ii) with respect to Acquisitions for which the total consideration is more than $30,000,000, the items referenced in clause (i) together with a quality of earnings report on the target of such Acquisition and, to the extent available, audited financial statements of the target for the most recently ended fiscal year of such target;
(f)    the applicable Loan Party has provided Agent with (i) written notice of the proposed Acquisition at least ten (10) Business Days (or such shorter period as Agent may consent to) prior to the date such Acquisition is to be consummated and (ii) not later than five (5) Business Days (or such shorter period as Agent may consent to) prior to the date such Acquisition is to be consummated, copies of the acquisition agreement and other material documents relative to such Acquisition;
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(g)    if such Acquisition includes general partnership interests or any other Equity Interest that does not have a corporate (or similar) limitation on liability of the owners thereof, then such Acquisition shall be effected by having such Equity Interests acquired by a corporate holding company directly or indirectly wholly-owned by a Loan Party and newly formed for the sole purpose of effecting such Acquisition;
(h)    after giving effect to such Acquisition, the Loan Parties and their Subsidiaries would remain in compliance with Section 7.9 hereof; and
(i)    the applicable Loan Party (or Subsidiary thereof that will become a Subsidiary upon the consummation of such Acquisition) shall have complied with the applicable provisions of Sections 4.2 and 7.12 hereof upon the consummation of such Acquisition; provided, however, no assets acquired in any such Acquisition shall be included in the Formula Amount (including for the purposes of calculating Liquidity under clause (a) above) until Agent has received a field examination and/or appraisal of such assets, in form and substance acceptable to Agent, and such assets satisfy the applicable eligibility criteria.
Permitted Acquisition Documents” shall mean all documents and agreements, together with all schedules, exhibits and material documents and agreements related thereto, pursuant to which a Permitted Acquisition is consummated.
Permitted Discretion” shall mean a determination made in good faith and in the exercise (from the perspective of a secured asset-based lender) of commercially reasonable business judgment.
Permitted Dividends” shall mean:
(a)    dividends and distributions by any (i) wholly-owned Subsidiary of a Borrower to such Borrower and repurchases of Equity Interests held by such Borrower, (ii) any Borrower to Holdings and repurchases of Equity Interests held by Holdings or (iii) other Subsidiary of any Borrower to the extent made on a ratable basis to the holders of the Equity Interests thereof and repurchases of Equity Interests of such Subsidiary;
(b)    dividends and distributions payable solely in additional Qualified Equity Interests;
(c)    (i) prior to the Fourth Amendment Effective Date, dividends and distributions in accordance with Section 4.2 of the Amended and Restated Limited Liability Company Agreement of Viant and (ii) upon and after the Fourth Amendment Effective Date, dividends and distributions in accordance with Section 4.2 of the Second Amended and Restated Limited Liability Agreement of Viant (as in effect on the Fourth Amendment Effective Date);
(d)    the repurchase or redemption of Qualified Equity Interests deemed to occur in connection with the cashless exercise of options, warrants and restricted stock units in connection with exercise or vesting thereof;
(e)    the repurchase or other acquisition by Viant or Holdings of its Equity Interests, and dividends and distributions to Viant or Holdings for the purpose of enabling Viant or Holdings to repurchase or otherwise acquire its Equity Interests, held by any current or former employee, director or consultant of Viant, Holdings or any Subsidiary thereof upon the death, disability or termination of such Person; provided that (i) the aggregate amount expended for all such repurchases and acquisitions of such Equity Interests in any calendar year shall not exceed $1,000,000, (ii) no Default or Event of Default shall have occurred and be continuing at the time of such transaction or would arise after giving effect thereto, (iii) during the five (5) Business
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Day period ending immediately prior to the date such repurchase or acquisition is to be consummated, Liquidity was not less than 20% of the Maximum Revolving Advance Amount, and (iv) after giving effect to such repurchase or acquisition, Liquidity would not be less than 20% of the Maximum Revolving Advance Amount;     
(f)    compensation paid to Tim Vanderhook, Russell Vanderhook and/or Chris Vanderhook in their capacities as officers of Viant in the Ordinary Course of Business in lieu of salary or similar compensation payments, to the extent characterized as a distribution; and
(g)    any dividends, distributions and repurchases of Viant’s or Holdings’ Equity Interests so long as the Payment Conditions are met.
Permitted Encumbrances” shall mean:
(a)    Liens in favor of Agent or any other Secured Party securing all or any portion of the Obligations;
(b)    Liens for Taxes or other Charges not yet delinquent or being Properly Contested;
(c)    deposits or pledges (other than a pledge of all assets of the pledgor) to secure obligations under worker’s compensation, social security or similar laws, or under unemployment insurance;
(d)    deposits or pledges (other than a pledge of all assets of the pledgor) to secure bids, tenders, contracts (other than contracts for the payment of money), leases, statutory obligations, surety and appeal bonds and other obligations of like nature arising in the Ordinary Course of Business;
(e)    Liens arising by virtue of the rendition, entry or issuance against any Loan Party or any Subsidiary, or any property of any Loan Party or any Subsidiary, of any judgment, writ, order, or decree to the extent the rendition, entry, issuance or continued existence of such judgment, writ, order or decree (or any event or circumstance relating thereto) has not resulted in the occurrence of an Event of Default under Section 10.6 hereof;
(f)    carriers’, landlords’, bailees’, repairmens’, mechanics’, workers’, materialmen’s or other like Liens, in each case, arising by statute and in the Ordinary Course of Business with respect to obligations which are not yet due and payable or which are being Properly Contested, or with respect to which the failure to make payment could not reasonably be expected to result in material liability to any Loan Party;
(g)    Liens placed upon fixed assets hereafter acquired by a Loan Party or Subsidiary thereof to secure Permitted Purchase Money Indebtedness; provided that any such Lien shall not encumber any assets of such Person not acquired with the proceeds of such Indebtedness; provided, further, that such Liens may also secure all other Permitted Purchase Money Indebtedness owing to a common creditor;
(h)    easements, rights-of-way, zoning restrictions, minor defects or irregularities in title and other similar charges or encumbrances, in each case, which do not interfere in any material respect with the Ordinary Course of Business of Loan Parties and their Subsidiaries or are listed as exceptions in a title insurance policies delivered to, and accepted by, Agent with respect to a Mortgage;
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(i)    Liens disclosed on Schedule P-1; provided that (i) such Liens shall secure only those obligations which they secure on the Closing Date and Permitted Refinancings thereof and (ii) shall not attach to any property or assets of any Loan Party or Subsidiary thereof other than the property and assets to which they apply as of the Closing Date;
(j)    Liens on unearned insurance premiums and proceeds thereof to secure premiums payable under insurance policies;
(k)    any interest or title of a lessor or sublessor under any lease permitted by this Agreement;
(l)    non-exclusive licenses and sublicenses granted in the Ordinary Course of Business;
(m)    precautionary Uniform Commercial Code financing statements filed with respect to any lease permitted by this Agreement;
(n)    Liens in favor of collecting banks arising under Section 4-208 or Section 4-210 of the Uniform Commercial Code;
(o)    except to the extent prohibited or waived under any deposit account control agreement in favor of Agent, Liens (including the right of set-off, revocation, refund or chargeback) in favor of a bank or other depository institution encumbering deposits and solely relating to the maintenance of any applicable bank or deposit account;
(p)    Liens arising out of consignment, title retention, conditional sale or similar arrangements for the sale of goods entered into by a Loan Party or any Subsidiary of a Loan Party in the Ordinary Course of Business and to the extent any such arrangement is not otherwise prohibited under this Agreement;
(q)    Liens in favor of customs and revenue authorities arising as a matter of law which secure payment of customs duties in connection with the importation of goods in the Ordinary Course of Business;
(r)    intercompany licenses, sublicenses, leases or subleases permitted pursuant to this Agreement;
(s)    Liens consisting solely of an agreement to Dispose of property or assets permitted by this Agreement;
(t)    Liens solely on cash earnest money deposits made in connection with any letter of intent or purchase agreement with respect to a Permitted Acquisition;
(u)    Liens consisting solely of contractual rights of set-off relating to purchase orders and other agreements entered into with Customers of the Loan Parties or any of their Subsidiaries in the Ordinary Course of Business;
(v)    Liens securing Indebtedness permitted in clause (c) of the definition of Permitted Indebtedness to the extent that the Indebtedness so guaranteed is permitted to be secured by a Lien on the assets of the direct obligor and the Lien on the assets of such guarantor is substantially the same in scope as the Lien on the assets of such direct obligor;
(w)    assignments of insurance or condemnation proceeds provided to landlords (or their mortgagees) pursuant to the terms of any lease;
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(x)    Liens of the type described in clause (g) above securing Permitted Indebtedness under clause (k) of the definition thereof on assets of a Person (and its Subsidiaries) existing at the time such Person (or its assets) is acquired or merged with or into or consolidated with a Borrower or any of its Subsidiaries pursuant to a Permitted Acquisition (and not created in anticipation of or in contemplation thereof);
(y)    Liens on cash collateral with secure Indebtedness pursuant to clause (f)(i) of the definition of Permitted Indebtedness; and
(z)    other Liens not specifically listed above which (i) secure obligations not exceeding $1,000,000 in the aggregate at any one time outstanding, (ii) do not secure Indebtedness for borrowed money, letters of credit or earn-outs or similar obligations and (iii) do not attach to all or substantially all of the assets of any Loan Party or Subsidiary thereof.
Permitted Holders” shall mean shall mean, collectively, (a) Tim Vanderhook, (b) Chris Vanderhook, (c) any family members, heirs or descendants of any individual listed in clauses (a) and (b), (d) the trustees of any bona fide trusts of which any of the foregoing are the sole beneficiaries and grantors, (e) any Person owned and controlled by Tim Vanderhook and or Chris Vanderhook, and (f) any trust or other Person established for estate planning purposes that are controlled by, and established for the sole benefit of, any of the foregoing.
Permitted Indebtedness” shall mean:
(a)    the Obligations;
(b)    Permitted Purchase Money Indebtedness;
(c)    any guarantees permitted under Section 7.3 hereof;
(d)    any Indebtedness listed on Schedule 5.8(b)(ii) hereof and any Permitted Refinancing thereof;
(e)    Indebtedness incurred pursuant to a Permitted Loan or intercompany Permitted Investment;
(f)    (i) Interest Rate Hedges and Foreign Currency Hedges that are entered into by Loan Parties to hedge their risks with respect to outstanding Indebtedness of Loan Parties and not for speculative or investment purposes and (ii) Cash Management Liabilities, including all similar obligations of Subsidiaries that are not Loan Parties;
(g)    non-recourse Indebtedness consisting of the financing of insurance premiums in the Ordinary Course of Business;
(h)    Indebtedness in respect of netting services, overdraft protection and similar arrangements in connection with deposit accounts in the Ordinary Course of Business that are promptly repaid;
(i)    Subordinated Indebtedness (which Subordination Agreement shall permit payments of such obligations if the Payment Conditions are met);
(j)    unsecured earn-outs or similar obligations arising in connection with Permitted Acquisitions which are subject to a Subordination Agreement (which Subordination Agreement shall permit payments of such obligations if the Payment Conditions are met);
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(k)    (i) Indebtedness of a Person (and its Subsidiaries) existing at the time such Person (or its assets secured by Permitted Encumbrances described in clause (x) of the definition thereof) is acquired or merged with or into or consolidated with a Borrower or any of its Subsidiaries pursuant to a Permitted Acquisition (and not incurred in anticipation of or contemplation thereof) to the extent (A) consisting of Capitalized Lease Obligations and Indebtedness incurred to acquire specific fixed assets and secured only by a Lien on such assets and for which only the acquiring entity is an obligor and (B) not exceeding $2,000,000 in the aggregate at any one time outstanding, and (ii) any Permitted Refinancing thereof;
(l)    other Indebtedness which is not for borrowed money not exceeding in the aggregate at any time outstanding $1,000,000;
(m)    unsecured Indebtedness incurred by the Borrowers in connection with an SBA PPP Loan that is not senior in payment priority to any of the Obligations; provided, that (i) the proceeds are applied solely in accordance with the permitted uses under the CARES Act, (ii) the aggregate principal amount may not exceed $6,035,300 during the term of this Agreement, and (iii) no other provision of this Agreement (other than this clause (m)) in respect of Indebtedness permitted by Section 7.8 of this Agreement may be used to incur COVID-19 Assistance; and
(n)    Indebtedness with respect to the Tax Receivables Agreement (to the extent constituting Indebtedness).
Permitted Investments” shall mean,
(a)    investments in cash and Cash Equivalents;
(b)    Permitted Loans;
(c)    investments consisting of (i) extensions of credit or capital contributions by any Loan Party to other Loan Party; provided, however, no such extension of credit or capital contribution shall be made by Domestic Loan Party to a Foreign Loan Party unless the Payment Conditions are met, (ii) extensions of credit or capital contributions by any Subsidiary that is not a Loan Party to or in any Loan Party or any other Subsidiary that is not a Loan Party, (iii) Equity Interests held in any Subsidiary to the extent such Subsidiary was formed or acquired in compliance with the terms of this Agreement, and (iv) extensions of credit or capital contributions by any Loan Party to or in any Subsidiary that is not a Loan Party, provided, that, the aggregate amount of all such extensions of credit or capital contributions shall not exceed $1,000,000 in the aggregate at any time outstanding;
(d)    investments acquired in connection with the settlement of delinquent Accounts in the Ordinary Course of Business or in connection with the bankruptcy or reorganization of suppliers or Customers, or in connection with the settlement of disputes with any other Person;
(e)    investments made as of the Closing Date and set forth on Schedule P-2;
(f)    to the extent constituting investments, guarantees permitted by Section 7.3;
(g)    investments consisting of Interest Rate Hedges and Foreign Currency Hedges otherwise permitted hereunder;
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(h)    to the extent constituting investments, deposits constituting Permitted Encumbrances;
(i)    to the extent constituting investments, deposit and securities accounts maintained in the Ordinary Course of Business and in compliance with the provisions of this Agreement and the Other Documents;
(j)    to the extent constituting an investment, transactions permitted under Section 7.1(a);
(k)    to the extent constituting investments, the acquisition of operating assets in the Ordinary Course of Business and Capital Expenditures;
(l)    the Closing Date Acquisition;
(m)    investments (including promissory notes) received as the non-cash portion of consideration received in connection with a Disposition permitted under Section 7.1(b);
(n)    (i) Permitted Acquisitions and (ii) investments acquired in a Permitted Acquisition to the extent that such investments were not made in contemplation of or in connection with such Permitted Acquisition and were in existence prior to the date of such Permitted Acquisition;
(o)    other investments, excluding investments in Subsidiaries of Holdings that are not Loan Parties, so long as (i) the aggregate amount of such investments shall not exceed $1,000,000 at any time outstanding and (ii) no Event of Default shall exist at the time such investment is made; and
(p)    any investments (other than any Acquisition) so long as the Payment Conditions are met.
Permitted Loans” shall mean:
(a)    the extension of trade credit in the Ordinary Course of Business;
(b)    advances to employees, officers and directors in the Ordinary Course of Business not to exceed as to all such advances the aggregate amount of $500,000 at any time outstanding;
(c)    intercompany loans owed by a Loan Party to another Loan Party, so long as, if exceeding $500,000 in principal amount, each such intercompany loan is evidenced by a promissory note (including, if applicable, any master intercompany note) that has been delivered to Agent either endorsed in blank or together with an undated instrument of transfer executed in blank by the applicable Loan Party that is the payee on such note;
(d)    loans made by a Loan Party to officers, directors, employees or consultants of a Loan Party or Subsidiary thereof all of the proceeds of which are used by such Persons to purchase simultaneously Equity Interests of Viant or Holdings, not to exceed as to all such loans the aggregate amount of $500,000 at any time outstanding;
(e)    advances (including intercompany advances) made in connection with purchases of goods or services in the Ordinary Course of Business; and
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(f)    to the extent constituting any loan, advance or extension of credit to any Person, a Permitted Investment.
Permitted Purchase Money Indebtedness” shall mean Capitalized Lease Obligations and Indebtedness incurred to acquire specific fixed assets and secured only by a Lien on such assets and for which only the acquiring entity is an obligor, to the extent that the aggregate amount thereof at any one time outstanding does not exceed $750,000.
Permitted Refinancing” shall mean, with respect to any applicable Permitted Indebtedness, Indebtedness incurred to refinance or replace such Indebtedness that (a) has an aggregate outstanding principal amount not greater than the aggregate principal amount of the Indebtedness being refinanced or extended (plus (i) accrued interest, expenses and premiums thereon and (ii) fees and reasonable and customary costs and expenses incurred in connection with the Indebtedness to be incurred), (b) has a weighted average maturity (measured as of the date of such refinancing or extension) and maturity no shorter than that of the Indebtedness being refinanced or extended, (c) is not entered into as part of a sale leaseback or similar transaction, (d) is not secured by a Lien on any assets other than the collateral securing the Indebtedness being refinanced or extended, (e) the obligors of which are the same as the obligors of the Indebtedness being refinanced or extended and (f) is otherwise on market terms (as reasonably determined in good faith by the Borrowers).
Person” shall mean any individual, sole proprietorship, partnership, corporation, business trust, joint stock company, trust, unincorporated organization, association, limited liability company, limited liability partnership, institution, public benefit corporation, joint venture, entity or Governmental Body (whether federal, state, county, city, municipal or otherwise, including any instrumentality, division, agency, body or department thereof).
Plan” shall mean any employee benefit plan within the meaning of Section 3(3) of ERISA (including a Pension Benefit Plan and a Multiemployer Plan, as defined herein) maintained by any Loan Party or any member of the Controlled Group or to which any Loan Party or any member of the Controlled Group is required to contribute.
Pledge Agreement” shall mean any pledge agreement executed by any Person with respect to any Investment Property Collateral owned by such Person, made in favor of Agent to secure the Obligations.
PNC” shall have the meaning set forth in the preamble to this Agreement and shall extend to all of its successors and assigns.
Pro Forma Balance Sheet” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 5.5(a) hereof.
Pro Forma Financial Statements” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 5.5(b) hereof.
Projections” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 5.5(b) hereof.
Projections Certificate” shall mean a certificate in the form of Exhibit P-1 hereto, duly executed by an Authorized Officer of Viant.
Properly Contested” shall mean, in the case of any Indebtedness, Lien or Taxes, as applicable, of any Person that are not paid as and when due or payable by reason of such Person’s bona fide dispute concerning its liability to pay the same or concerning the amount thereof: (a) such Indebtedness, Lien or Taxes, as applicable, are being properly contested in good faith by appropriate proceedings promptly instituted and diligently conducted; (b) such Person
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has established appropriate reserves as shall be required in conformity with GAAP; (c) the non-payment of such Indebtedness or Taxes will not have a Material Adverse Effect or will not result in the forfeiture of any assets of such Person; (d) no Lien is imposed upon any of such Person’s assets with respect to such Indebtedness or taxes unless such Lien (i) is at all times junior and subordinate in priority to the Liens in favor of the Agent (except only with respect to property Taxes that have priority as a matter of applicable state law) and, (ii) enforcement of such Lien is stayed during the period prior to the final resolution or disposition of such dispute; and (e) if such Indebtedness or Lien, as applicable, results from, or is determined by the entry, rendition or issuance against a Person or any of its assets of a judgment, writ, order or decree, enforcement of such judgment, writ, order or decree is stayed pending a timely appeal or other judicial review.
Protective Advances” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 16.2(f) hereof.
Published Rate” shall mean the rate of interest published each Business Day in the Wall Street Journal “Money Rates” listing under the caption “London Interbank Offered Rates” for a one month period (or, if no such rate is published therein for any reason, then the Published Rate shall be the LIBOR Rate for a one month period as published in another publication selected by the Agent).
Purchasing CLO” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 16.3(d) hereof. “Purchasing Lender” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 16.3(c) hereof.
Qualified Cash” shall mean unrestricted cash and Cash Equivalents of the Borrowers that is in deposit accounts maintained with PNC.
Qualified ECP Loan Party” shall mean each Loan Party that on the Eligibility Date is (a) a corporation, partnership, proprietorship, organization, trust, or other entity other than a “commodity pool” as defined in Section 1a(10) of the CEA and CFTC regulations thereunder that has total assets exceeding $10,000,000 or (b) an Eligible Contract Participant that can cause another person to qualify as an Eligible Contract Participant on the Eligibility Date under Section 1a(18)(A)(v)(II) of the CEA by entering into or otherwise providing a “letter of credit or keepwell, support, or other agreement” for purposes of Section 1a(18)(A)(v)(II) of the CEA.
Qualified Equity Interests” shall mean any Equity Interests other than Disqualified Equity Interests.
RCRA” shall mean the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, 42 U.S.C. §§ 6901 et seq., as same may be amended from time to time.
Real Property” shall mean all of the real property now or hereafter owned or leased by any Loan Party.
Receivables” shall mean and include, as to each Loan Party, all of such Loan Party’s accounts (as defined in Article 9 of the Uniform Commercial Code) and all of such Loan Party’s contract rights, instruments (including those evidencing indebtedness owed to such Loan Party by its Affiliates), documents, chattel paper (including electronic chattel paper), general intangibles relating to accounts, contract rights, instruments, documents and chattel paper, and drafts and acceptances, credit card receivables and all other forms of obligations owing to such Loan Party arising out of or in connection with the sale or lease of Inventory or the rendition of services, all supporting obligations, guarantees and other security therefor, whether secured or unsecured, now existing or hereafter created, and whether or not specifically sold or assigned to Agent hereunder.
Register” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 16.3(e) hereof.
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Reimbursement Obligation” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 2.14(b) hereof.
Release” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 5.7(c) hereof.
Reportable Compliance Event” shall mean that any Covered Entity becomes a Sanctioned Person, or is charged by indictment, criminal complaint or similar charging instrument, arraigned, or custodially detained in connection with any Anti-Terrorism Law or any predicate crime to any Anti-Terrorism Law, or has knowledge of facts or circumstances to the effect that it is reasonably likely that any aspect of its operations is in actual or probable violation of any Anti-Terrorism Law.
Reportable ERISA Event” shall mean a reportable event described in Section 4043(c) of ERISA or the regulations promulgated thereunder.
Required Lenders” shall mean Lenders (not including Swing Loan Lender (in its capacity as such Swing Loan Lender) or any Defaulting Lender) holding more than fifty percent (50%) of either (a) the aggregate of the Revolving Commitment Amounts of all Lenders (excluding any Defaulting Lender), or (b) after the termination of all commitments of Lenders hereunder, the sum of (x) the outstanding Revolving Advances, Swing Loans, plus the Maximum Undrawn Amount of all outstanding Letters of Credit; provided, however, if there are fewer than three (3) Lenders, Required Lenders shall mean all Lenders (excluding any Defaulting Lender).
Reserve Percentage” shall mean as of any day the maximum effective percentage in effect on such day as prescribed by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (or any successor) for determining the reserve requirements (including supplemental, marginal and emergency reserve requirements) with respect to eurocurrency funding (currently referred to as “Eurocurrency Liabilities”).
Reserves” shall mean reserves against the Maximum Revolving Advance Amount or the Formula Amount, including, without limitation, the Past Due Payable Reserve, as Agent may reasonably deem proper and necessary from time to time, but excluding, for the avoidance of doubt, the Availability Block.
Revolving Advances” shall mean Advances other than Letters of Credit and the Swing Loans.
Revolving Commitment” shall mean, as to any Lender, the obligation of such Lender (if applicable), to make Revolving Advances and participate in Swing Loans and Letters of Credit, in an aggregate principal and/or face amount not to exceed the Revolving Commitment Amount (if any) of such Lender.
Revolving Commitment Amount” shall mean, as to any Lender, the Revolving Commitment Amount (if any) set forth below such Lender’s name on the signature page hereto (or, in the case of any Lender that became party to this Agreement after the Closing Date pursuant to Section 16.3(c) or (d) hereof, the Revolving Commitment Amount (if any) of such Lender as set forth in the applicable Commitment Transfer Supplement.
Revolving Commitment Percentage” shall mean, as to any Lender, the Revolving Commitment Percentage (if any) set forth below such Lender’s name on the signature page hereof (or, in the case of any Lender that became party to this Agreement after the Closing Date pursuant to Section 16.3(c) or (d) hereof, the Revolving Commitment Percentage (if any) of such Lender as set forth in the applicable Commitment Transfer Supplement).
Revolving Credit Note” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 2.1(a) hereof.
39



Revolving Interest Rate” shall mean (a) with respect to Revolving Advances that are Domestic Rate Loans and Swing Loans, an interest rate per annum equal to the sum of the Applicable Margin plus the Alternate Base Rate and (b) with respect to Revolving Advances that are LIBORTerm SOFR Rate Loans, an interest rate per annum equal to the sum of the Applicable Margin, plus the SOFR Adjustment, plus the greater of (i) the LIBORTerm SOFR Rate and (ii) 00.00%.20
Sanctioned Jurisdiction” shall mean a country subject to a sanctions program maintained under any Anti-Terrorism Law.1021
Sanctioned Person” shall mean (a) a Person that is the subject of sanctions administered by OFAC or the U.S. Department of State (“State”), including by virtue of being (i) named on OFAC’s list of “Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons”; (ii) organized under the laws of, ordinarily resident in, or physically located in a Sanctioned Jurisdiction; (iii) owned or controlled 50% or more in the aggregate, by one or more Persons that are the subject of sanctions administered by OFAC; (b) a Person that is the subject of sanctions maintained by the European Union (“E.U.”), including by virtue of being named on the E.U.’s “Consolidated list of persons, groups and entities subject to E.U. financial sanctions” or other, similar lists; (c) a Person that is the subject of sanctions maintained by the United Kingdom (“U.K.”), including by virtue of being named on the “Consolidated List Of Financial Sanctions Targets in the U.K.” or other, similar lists; or (d) a Person that is the subject of sanctions imposed by any Governmental Body of a jurisdiction whose laws apply to this Agreement.1122
SBA” means the Small Business Act of 1953, as in effect from time to time.
SBA PPP Loan” shall mean any loan obtained pursuant to pursuant to Section 7(a) of the SBA and the CARES Act.
SBA PPP Loan Date” shall mean the date on which the Borrowers receive the proceeds of the SBA PPP Loan.
SEC” shall mean the Securities and Exchange Commission or any successor thereto.
Section 956 Inclusion Amount” shall mean the amount includable in gross income of a United States shareholder (as defined in Section 951(b) of the Code) pursuant to Section 951(a)(1)(B) of the Code.
Secured Parties” shall mean, collectively, Agent, Issuer, Swing Loan Lender and Lenders, together with any Affiliates of Agent or any Lender to whom any Hedge Liabilities or Cash Management Liabilities are owed, and with each other holder of any of the Obligations, and the respective successors and assigns of each of them.
Securities Act” shall mean the Securities Act of 1933, as amended.
Settlement” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 2.6(d) hereof.
Settlement Date” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 2.6(d) hereof.
20 Sixth Amendment.
1021 Fifth Amendment.
1122 Fifth Amendment.
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“Sixth Amendment” shall mean the Sixth Amendment to Revolving Credit and Security Agreement and Guaranty, dated as of April 4, 2022, among Viant, Viant US, Adelphic, Myspace, Holdings, the other Guarantors party thereto, the Lenders party thereto and the Agent.23
“Sixth Amendment Effective Date” shall have the meaning given to “Amendment Effective Date” in the Sixth Amendment.24
“SOFR” shall mean, for any day, a rate equal to the secured overnight financing rate as administered by the Federal Reserve Bank of New York (or a successor administrator of the secured overnight financing rate).25
“SOFR Adjustment” shall mean, 10 basis points (0.10%).26
“SOFR Determination Date” shall have the meaning set forth in the definition of Daily Simple SOFR.27
“SOFR Floor” shall mean a rate of interest per annum equal to zero basis points (0%).28
“SOFR Rate Day” shall have the meaning set forth in the definition of Daily Simple SOFR.229
“SOFR Reserve Percentage” shall mean, for any day, the maximum effective percentage in effect on such day, if any, as prescribed by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (or any successor) for determining the reserve requirements (including, without limitation, supplemental, marginal and emergency reserve requirements) with respect to SOFR funding.30
Subordinated Indebtedness” shall mean any unsecured Indebtedness of a Loan Party (a) arising pursuant to documents and agreements in form and substance and on terms, satisfactory to Agent in its Permitted Discretion and (b) with respect to which Agent has received Subordination Agreement, for the benefit of the Secured Parties.
Subordinated Indebtedness Documents” shall mean the documents and agreements pursuant to which any other Subordinated Indebtedness is incurred or issued, in each case, as the same may be amended, amended and restated, replaced, supplemented and otherwise modified in accordance with the terms of the Subordination Agreement with respect thereto and this Agreement.
Subordination Agreements” shall mean any written subordination agreement, in form and substance and on terms satisfactory to Agent in its Permitted Discretion.
Subsidiary” shall mean of any Person a corporation or other entity of whose Equity Interests having ordinary voting power (other than Equity Interests having such power only by reason of the happening of a contingency) to elect a majority of the directors of such corporation, or other Persons performing similar functions for such entity, are owned, directly or indirectly,
23 Sixth Amendment.
24 Sixth Amendment.
25 Sixth Amendment.
26 Sixth Amendment.
27 Sixth Amendment.
28 Sixth Amendment.
29 Sixth Amendment.
30 Sixth Amendment.
41



by such Person; provided, however, for purposes of this Agreement and the Other Documents, all Subsidiaries of Viant shall be deemed to be Subsidiaries of Holdings and Viant shall be deemed to be a Subsidiary of Holdings.
Subsidiary Stock” shall mean 100% of the Equity Interests issued to a Loan Party by each direct Subsidiary thereof, including the Equity Interests described on Schedule S-1 hereto; provided, however, with respect to (a) such Equity Interests issued by a CFC or Foreign Holding Company, no more than 65% of such Equity Interests entitled to vote (within the meaning of Treas. Reg. Section 1.956-2(c)(2)) and (b) such Equity Interests issued by a Disregarded Entity that owns a 65% (or higher) voting interest in a CFC, no more than 65% of such Equity Interests entitled to vote (within the meaning of Treas. Reg. Section 1.956-2(c)(2)) shall be Subsidiary Stock; provided, further, if any change in Applicable Law shall occur hereafter which permits the granting of a Lien to Agent in a greater percentage of such Equity Interests of each such CFC, Foreign Holding Company or Disregarded Entity of each Loan Party without, as determined in the joint reasonable discretion of Agent and Borrowing Agent, any reasonable expectation that such pledge would result in (x) the undistributed earnings of such CFC, as determined for United States federal income tax purposes, to be included in the income of its Parent pursuant to Section 951 of the Code or (y) any additional tax liability (or a loss of tax benefits) to Holdings and its consolidated Subsidiaries, then Subsidiary Stock shall include such greater percentage of such Equity Interests.
Swap” shall mean any “swap” as defined in Section 1 a(47) of the CEA and regulations thereunder other than (a) a swap entered into on, or subject to the rules of, a board of trade designated as a contract market under Section 5 of the CEA, or (b) a commodity option entered into pursuant to CFTC Regulation 32.3(a).
Swap Obligation” means any obligation to pay or perform under any agreement, contract or transaction that constitutes a Swap which is also a Lender-Provided Interest Rate Hedge, or a Lender-Provided Foreign Currency Hedge.
Swing Loan Lender” shall mean PNC, in its capacity as lender of the Swing Loans.
Swing Loan Note” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 2.4(a) hereof.
Swing Loans” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 2.4(a) hereof.
Taxes” shall mean all present or future taxes, levies, imposts, duties, deductions, withholdings, assessments, fees or other charges imposed by any Governmental Body, including any interest, additions to tax or penalties applicable thereto.
Tax Receivables Agreement” shall mean that certain Tax Receivable Agreement, dated as of the Fourth Amendment Effective Date, among Viant Technology Inc., Viant Technology LLC and each of the holders party thereto.
Term” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 13.1 hereof.
“Term SOFR Administrator” shall mean CME Group Benchmark Administration Limited (CBA) (or a successor administrator of the Term SOFR Reference Rate selected by the Agent in its reasonable discretion).31
31 Sixth Amendment.
42



“Term SOFR Determination Date” shall have the meaning set forth in the definition of Term SOFR Rate.32
“Term SOFR Rate” shall mean, with respect to any Term SOFR Rate Loan for any Interest Period, the interest rate per annum determined by the Agent by dividing (the resulting quotient rounded upwards, at the Agent’s discretion, to the nearest 1/100th of 1%) (A) the Term SOFR Reference Rate for a tenor comparable to such Interest Period on the day (the “Term SOFR Determination Date”) that is two (2) Business Days prior to the first day of such Interest Period, as such rate is published by the Term SOFR Administrator, by (B) a number equal to 1.00 minus the SOFR Reserve Percentage. If the Term SOFR Reference Rate for the applicable tenor has not been published or replaced with a Benchmark Replacement by 5:00 p.m. (Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania time) on the Term SOFR Determination Date, then the Term SOFR Reference Rate, for purposes of clause (A) in the preceding sentence, shall be the Term SOFR Reference Rate for such tenor on the first Business Day preceding such Term SOFR Determination Date for which such Term SOFR Reference Rate for such tenor was published in accordance herewith, so long as such first preceding Business Day is not more than three (3) Business Days prior to such Term SOFR Determination Date. If the Term SOFR Rate, determined as provided above, would be less than the SOFR Floor, then the Term SOFR Rate shall be deemed to be the SOFR Floor. The Term SOFR Rate shall be adjusted automatically without notice to the Borrowing Agent on and as of (i) the first day of each Interest Period, and (ii) the effective date of any change in the SOFR Reserve Percentage.33
“Term SOFR Rate Loan” shall mean an Advance that bears interest based on Term SOFR Rate.34
“Term SOFR Reference Rate” shall mean the forward-looking term rate based on SOFR.35

Termination Date” shall mean the date on which (a) all commitments of all Secured Parties (unless otherwise agreed by any such Secured Party with respect to Hedge Liabilities and Cash Management Liabilities) to provide any loans or other financial accommodations hereunder or under any Other Document have been terminated, (b) all of the Obligations, other than Unasserted Contingent Obligations, have been paid in full in cash or, with respect to Hedge Liabilities and Cash Management Liabilities permitted to remain outstanding by the Secured Party holding such Obligations and with respect to Asserted Indemnification Claims, in each case, cash collateralized in the amount required by such Secured Party, (c) all Letters of Credit issued under this Agreement have expired, been returned to Issuer for cancellation or cash collateralized as provided for in Section 3.2(b), (d) this Agreement and each Guaranty have been terminated and (e) Agent has terminated its Liens on the Collateral or its Liens on the Collateral have otherwise been terminated by operation of law.
Termination Event” shall mean: (a) a Reportable ERISA Event with respect to any Plan; (b) the withdrawal of any Loan Party or any member of the Controlled Group from a Plan during a plan year in which such entity was a “substantial employer” as defined in Section 4001(a)(2) of ERISA or a cessation of operations that is treated as such a withdrawal under Section 4062(e) of ERISA; (c) the providing of notice of intent to terminate a Plan in a distress termination described in Section 4041(c) of ERISA; (d) the commencement of proceedings by the PBGC to
32 Sixth Amendment.
33 Sixth Amendment.
34 Sixth Amendment.
35 Sixth Amendment.
43



terminate a Plan; (e) any event or condition (a) which might constitute grounds under Section 4042 of ERISA for the termination of, or the appointment of a trustee to administer, any Plan, or (b) that may result in termination of a Multiemployer Plan pursuant to Section 4041A of ERISA; (f) the partial or complete withdrawal within the meaning of Section 4203 or 4205 of ERISA, of any Loan Party or any member of the Controlled Group from a Multiemployer Plan; (g) notice that a Multiemployer Plan is subject to Section 4245 of ERISA; or (h) the imposition of any liability under Title IV of ERISA, other than for PBGC premiums due but not delinquent, upon any Loan Party or any member of the Controlled Group.
Toxic Substance” shall mean and include any material present on the Real Property (including the Leasehold Interests) which has been shown to have significant adverse effect on human health or which is subject to regulation under the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA), 15 U.S.C. §§ 2601 et seq., applicable state law, or any other applicable Federal or state laws now in force or hereafter enacted relating to toxic substances. “Toxic Substance” includes but is not limited to asbestos, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and lead-based paints.
Transactions” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 5.5(a) hereof.
Transferee” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 16.3(d) hereof.
Unasserted Contingent Obligations” shall mean, as of any date of determination, any indemnification or other similar Obligation (excluding, for avoidance of doubt, Obligations with respect to issued and outstanding Letters of Credit, outstanding Cash Management Liabilities and outstanding Hedge Liabilities) which is not an Asserted Indemnification Claim.
Undrawn Availability” at a particular date shall mean an amount equal to (a) the lesser of (i) the Formula Amount or (ii) the Maximum Revolving Advance Amount minus Reserves (other than the Past Due Payable Reserve) established hereunder, minus the Maximum Undrawn Amount of all outstanding Letters of Credit, minus (b) the sum of (i) the outstanding amount of Advances plus (ii) fees and expenses incurred in connection with the Transactions payable under this Agreement or the Other Documents for which Borrowers have received an invoice but which have not been paid or charged to Borrowers within three (3) Business Days of receipt.
Unfunded Capital Expenditures” shall mean, as to any Loan Party or Subsidiary thereof, without duplication, a Capital Expenditure funded (a) from such Person’s internally generated cash flow or (b) with the proceeds of a Revolving Advance or Swing Loan.
Uniform Commercial Code” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 1.3 hereof.
USA PATRIOT Act” shall mean the Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001, Public Law 107-56, as the same has been, or shall hereafter be, renewed, extended, amended or replaced.
Usage Amount” shall have the meaning set forth in Section 3.3 hereof.
Viant” shall have the meaning set forth in the preamble hereto.
Viant UK” shall mean Viant UK Ltd., a limited company organized under the laws of England and Wales.
1.3.    Uniform Commercial Code Terms
. All terms used herein and defined in the Uniform Commercial Code as adopted in the State of New York from time to time (the “Uniform Commercial Code”) shall have the meaning
44



given therein unless otherwise defined herein. Without limiting the foregoing, the terms “accounts”, “chattel paper” (and “electronic chattel paper” and “tangible chattel paper”), “commercial tort claims”, “commodities accounts”, “deposit accounts”, “documents”, “equipment”, “financial asset”, “fixtures”, “general intangibles”, “goods”, “instruments”, “inventory”, “investment property”, “letter-of-credit rights”, “payment intangibles”, “proceeds”, “promissory note” “securities”, “securities accounts”, “software” and “supporting obligations” as and when used in the description of Collateral shall have the meanings given to such terms in Articles 8 or 9 of the Uniform Commercial Code. To the extent the definition of any category or type of collateral is expanded by any amendment, modification or revision to the Uniform Commercial Code, such expanded definition will apply automatically as of the date of such amendment, modification or revision.
1.4.    Certain Matters of Construction
. The terms “herein”, “hereof’ and “hereunder” and other words of similar import refer to this Agreement as a whole and not to any particular section, paragraph or subdivision. All references herein to Articles, Sections, Exhibits and Schedules shall be construed to refer to Articles and Sections of, and Exhibits and Schedules to, this Agreement. Any pronoun used shall be deemed to cover all genders. Wherever appropriate in the context, terms used herein in the singular also include the plural and vice versa. All references to statutes and related regulations shall include any amendments of same and any successor statutes and regulations. Unless otherwise provided, all references to any instruments or agreements to which a Secured Party is a party, including references to any of the Other Documents, shall include any and all modifications, supplements or amendments thereto, any and all restatements or replacements thereof and any and all extensions or renewals thereof. All references herein to the time of day shall mean the time in New York, New York. Whenever the words “including” or “include” shall be used, such words shall be understood to mean “including, without limitation” or “include, without limitation”. A Default or an Event of Default shall be deemed to exist at all times during the period commencing on the date that such Default or Event of Default occurs to the date on which such Default or Event of Default is waived in writing pursuant to this Agreement or, in the case of a Default, is cured within any period of cure expressly provided for in this Agreement; and an Event of Default shall “continue” or be “continuing” until such Event of Default has been waived in writing by Required Lenders. Any Lien referred to in this Agreement or any of the Other Documents as having been created in favor of Agent, any agreement entered into by Agent pursuant to this Agreement or any of the Other Documents, any payment made by or to or funds received by Agent pursuant to or as contemplated by this Agreement or any of the Other Documents, or any act taken or omitted to be taken by Agent, shall, unless otherwise expressly provided, be created, entered into, made or received, or taken or omitted, for the benefit or account of Agent and Lenders. Wherever the phrase “to the best of Loan Parties’ knowledge” or words of similar import relating to the knowledge or the awareness of any Loan Party are used in this Agreement or Other Documents, such phrase shall mean and refer to (i) the actual knowledge of a senior officer of any Loan Party or (ii) the knowledge that a senior officer would have obtained if he/she had engaged in a good faith and diligent performance of his/her duties, including the making of such reasonably specific inquiries as may be necessary of the employees or agents of such Loan Party and a good faith attempt to ascertain the existence or accuracy of the matter to which such phrase relates. All covenants hereunder shall be given independent effect so that if a particular action or condition is not permitted by any of such covenants, the fact that it would be permitted by an exception to, or otherwise within the limitations of, another covenant shall not avoid the occurrence of a default if such action is taken or condition exists. In addition, all representations and warranties hereunder shall be given independent effect so that if a particular representation or warranty proves to be incorrect or is breached, the fact that another representation or warranty concerning the same or similar subject matter is correct or is not breached will not affect the incorrectness of a breach of a representation or warranty hereunder.
45



1.5.    LIBORTerm SOFR Notification
. Section 3.8(b) of this Agreement provides a mechanism for determining an alternativealternate rate of interest in the event that the London interbank offered rateTerm SOFR Rate is no longer available or in certain other circumstances. The Agent does not warrant or accept any responsibility for and shall not have any liability with respect to, the administration, submission or any other matter related to the London interbank offered rateTerm SOFR Rate or other rates in the definition of “LIBORTerm SOFR Rate” or with respect to any alternative or successor rate thereto, or replacement rate therefor.36
1.6.    Conforming Changes Relating to the Term SOFR Rate.
With respect to the Term SOFR Rate, the Agent will have the right to make Conforming Changes from time to time and, notwithstanding anything to the contrary herein or in any Other Document, any amendments implementing such Conforming Changes will become effective without any further action or consent of any other party to this Agreement or any Other Document; provided that, with respect to any such amendment effected, the Agent shall provide notice to the Borrowing Agent and the Lenders of each such amendment implementing such Conforming Changes reasonably promptly after such amendment becomes effective.37
II.    ADVANCES, PAYMENTS.
2.1.    Revolving Advances
.
(a)    Amount of Revolving Advances. Subject to the terms and conditions set forth in this Agreement specifically including Section 2.1(c), each Lender, severally and not jointly, will make Revolving Advances to Borrowers in aggregate amounts outstanding at any time equal to such Lender’s Revolving Commitment Percentage of the lesser of (x) the Maximum Revolving Advance Amount, less the outstanding amount of Swing Loans, less the aggregate Maximum Undrawn Amount of all outstanding Letters of Credit, less Reserves established hereunder (excluding, however, the Past Due Payable Reserve) or (y) an amount equal to the sum of:
(i)    up to 85% of Eligible Receivables, plus
(ii)    the lesser of (A) up to 75% of Eligible Unbilled Receivables and (B) $17,500,000, minus
(iii)     the aggregate Maximum Undrawn Amount of all outstanding Letters of Credit, minus
(iv)    the Availability Block, minus
(v)    Reserves established hereunder (including without limitation the Past Due Payable Reserve).
The amount derived from the sum of (x) Sections 2.1(a)(y)(i) and (ii) minus (y) Sections 2.1(a)(y)(iii), (iv) and (v) at any time and from time to time shall be referred to as the “Formula Amount”. The Revolving Advances shall be evidenced by one or more secured promissory notes
36 Sixth Amendment.
37 Sixth Amendment.
46



(collectively, the “Revolving Credit Note”) substantially in the form attached hereto as Exhibit 2.1(a). Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in the foregoing or otherwise in this Agreement, the outstanding aggregate principal amount of Swing Loans and the Revolving Advances at any one time outstanding shall not exceed an amount equal to the lesser of (i) the Maximum Revolving Advance Amount, less the Maximum Undrawn Amount of all outstanding Letters of Credit, less Reserves established hereunder (other than the Past Due Payable Reserve) or (ii) the Formula Amount.
(b)    [Reserved].
(c)    Discretionary Rights. The Advance Rates may be increased or decreased by Agent at any time and from time to time in the exercise of its Permitted Discretion. Each Borrower consents to any such increases or decreases and acknowledges that decreasing the Advance Rates or increasing or imposing Reserves may limit or restrict Advances requested by Borrowing Agent. Prior to the occurrence of an Event of Default or Default, Agent shall give Borrowing Agent five (5) days prior written notice of its intention to decrease the Advance Rates; provided, however, no Borrower nor any Guarantor shall have any right of action whatsoever against Agent for, and Agent shall not be liable for any damages resulting from, the failure of Agent to provide the prior notice contemplated in this sentence. Each Borrower acknowledges that increasing or decreasing the Advance Rates or increasing or imposing reserves may limit or restrict Advances requested by Borrowing Agent. The rights of Agent under this subsection are subject to the provisions of Section 16.2(b).38
2.2.    Procedures for Selection of Applicable Interest Rates for All Advances
.
(a)    Borrowing Agent on behalf of any Borrower may notify Agent prior to 3:00 p.m. Eastern Standard Time on a Business Day of a Borrower’s request to incur, on that day, a Revolving Advance hereunder. Should any amount required to be paid as interest hereunder, or as fees or other charges under this Agreement or any other agreement with Agent or Lenders, or with respect to any other Obligation under this Agreement, become due, the same shall be deemed a request for a Revolving Advance maintained as a Domestic Rate Loan as of the date such payment is due, in the amount required to pay in full such interest, fee, charge or Obligation, and such request shall be irrevocable. If the Borrowers enter into a separate written agreement with Agent regarding Agent’s auto-advance service, then each Advance made pursuant to such service (including Advances made for the payment of interest, fees, charges or Obligations) shall be deemed an irrevocable request for a Revolving Advance maintained as a Domestic Rate Loan as of the date such auto-advance is made.
(b)    Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a) above, in the event any Borrower desires to obtain a LIBORTerm SOFR Rate Loan for any Advance (other than a Swing Loan), Borrowing Agent shall give Agent written notice by no later than 3:00 p.m. Eastern Standard Time on the day which is three (3) Business Days prior to the date such LIBORTerm SOFR Rate Loan is to be borrowed, specifying (i) the date of the proposed borrowing (which shall be a Business Day), (ii) the type of borrowing and the amount of such Advance to be borrowed, which amount shall be in a minimum amount of $500,000 and in integral multiples of $500,000 thereafter, and (iii) the duration of the first Interest Period therefor. Interest Periods for LIBORTerm SOFR Rate Loans shall be for one or three months; provided that, if an Interest Period would end on a day that is not a Business Day, it shall end on the next succeeding Business Day unless such day falls in the next succeeding calendar month in which case the Interest Period shall end on the next preceding Business Day. Any Interest Period that begins on
38 Sixth Amendment.
47



the last Business Day of a calendar month (or a day for which there is no numerically corresponding day in the last calendar month of such Interest Period) shall end on the last Business Day of the last calendar month of such Interest Period. Upon and after the occurrence of an Event of Default, and during the continuation thereof, at the option of Agent or at the direction of Required Lenders, no LIBORTerm SOFR Rate Loan shall be made available to any Borrower. After giving effect to each requested LIBORTerm SOFR Rate Loan, including those which are converted from a Domestic Rate Loan under Section 2.2(e), there shall not be outstanding more than eight (8) LIBORTerm SOFR Rate Loans, in the aggregate.1239
(c)    Each Interest Period of a LIBORTerm SOFR Rate Loan shall commence on the date such LIBORTerm SOFR Rate Loan is made and shall end on such date as Borrowing Agent may elect as set forth in subsection (b)(iii) above, provided that the exact length of each Interest Period shall be determined in accordance with the practice of the interbank market for offshore Dollar deposits and no Interest Period shall end after the last day of the Term.40
(d)    Borrowing Agent shall elect the initial Interest Period applicable to a LIBORTerm SOFR Rate Loan by its notice of borrowing given to Agent pursuant to Section 2.2(b) or by its notice of conversion given to Agent pursuant to Section 2.2(e), as the case may be. Borrowing Agent shall elect the duration of each succeeding Interest Period by giving irrevocable written notice to Agent of such duration not later than 3:00 p.m. Eastern Standard Time on the day which is three (3) Business Days prior to the last day of the then current Interest Period applicable to such LIBORTerm SOFR Rate Loan. If Agent does not receive timely notice of the Interest Period elected by Borrowing Agent, Borrowing Agent shall be deemed to have elected to convert such LIBORTerm SOFR Rate Loan to a Domestic Rate Loan subject to Section 2.2(e) below.41
(e)    Provided that no Default or Event of Default shall have occurred and be continuing, Borrowing Agent may, on the last Business Day of the then current Interest Period applicable to any outstanding LIBORTerm SOFR Rate Loan, or on any Business Day with respect to Domestic Rate Loans, convert any such loan into a loan of another type in the same aggregate principal amount provided that any conversion of a LIBORTerm SOFR Rate Loan shall be made only on the last Business Day of the then current Interest Period applicable to such LIBORTerm SOFR Rate Loan. If Borrowing Agent desires to convert a loan, Borrowing Agent shall give Agent written notice by no later than 3:00 p.m. Eastern Standard Time (i) on the day which is three (3) Business Days prior to the date on which such conversion is to occur with respect to a conversion from a Domestic Rate Loan to a LIBORTerm SOFR Rate Loan, or (ii) on the day which is one (1) Business Day prior to the date on which such conversion is to occur (which date shall be the last Business Day of the Interest Period for the applicable LIBORTerm SOFR Rate Loan) with respect to a conversion from a LIBORTerm SOFR Rate Loan to a Domestic Rate Loan, specifying, in each case, the date of such conversion, the loans to be converted and if the conversion is to a LIBORTerm SOFR Rate Loan, the duration of the first Interest Period therefor.42
(f)    At its option and upon written notice given prior to 3:00 p.m. Eastern Standard Time at least three (3) Business Days prior to the date of such prepayment, any Borrower may, subject to Section 2.2(g) hereof, prepay the LIBORTerm SOFR Rate Loans in whole at any time or in part from time to time with accrued interest on the principal being prepaid to the date of such repayment. Such Borrower shall specify the date of prepayment of Advances which are LIBORTerm SOFR Rate Loans and the amount of such prepayment. In the
1239 Fifth Amendment, Sixth Amendment.
40 Sixth Amendment.
41 Sixth Amendment.
42 Sixth Amendment.
48



event that any prepayment of a LIBORTerm SOFR Rate Loan is required or permitted on a date other than the last Business Day of the then current Interest Period with respect thereto, such Borrower shall indemnify Agent and Lenders therefor in accordance with Section 2.2(g) hereof.43
(g)    Each Borrower shall indemnify Agent and Lenders and hold Agent and Lenders harmless from and against any and all losses or expenses that Agent and Lenders may sustain or incur as a consequence of any prepayment, conversion of or any default by any Borrower in the payment of the principal of or interest on any LIBORTerm SOFR Rate Loan or failure by any Borrower to complete a borrowing of, a prepayment of or conversion of or to a LIBORTerm SOFR Rate Loan after notice thereof has been given, including, but not limited to, any interest payable by Agent or Lenders to lenders of funds obtained by it in order to make or maintain its LIBORTerm SOFR Rate Loans hereunder. In the case of any Term SOFR Rate Loan, any losses or expenses to any Lender shall be deemed to include an amount determined by such Lender to be the excess, if any, of (i) the amount of interest that would have accrued on the principal amount of such Term SOFR Rate Loan had such event described in the immediately preceding sentence not occurred, at the Contract Rate that would have been applicable to such Term SOFR Rate Loan, for the period from the date of such event to the last day of the then current Interest Period therefor (or, in the case of a failure to borrow, convert or continue, for the period that would have been the Interest Period for such Term SOFR Rate Loan), over (ii) the amount of interest that would accrue on such principal amount for such period at the interest rate that such Lender would bid were it to bid, at the commencement of such period, for Dollar deposits of a comparable amount and period from other banks offering loans based on SOFR. A certificate as to any additional amounts payable pursuant to the foregoing sentence submitted by Agent or any Lender to Borrowing Agent shall be conclusive absent manifest error.44
(h)    Notwithstanding any other provision hereof, if any Applicable Law, treaty, regulation or directive, or any change therein or in the interpretation or application thereof, including without limitation any Change in Law, shall make it unlawful for Lenders or any Lender (for purposes of this subsection (h)Section 2.2, the term “Lender” shall include any Lender and the office or branch where any Lender or any Person controlling such Lender makes or maintains any LIBORTerm SOFR Rate Loans) to make or maintain its LIBORTerm SOFR Rate Loans, the obligation of Lenders (or such affected Lender) to make LIBORTerm SOFR Rate Loans hereunder shall forthwith be cancelled and Borrowers shall, if any affected LIBORTerm SOFR Rate Loans are then outstanding, promptly upon request from. Agent, either pay all such affected LIBORTerm SOFR Rate Loans or convert such affected LIBORTerm SOFR Rate Loans into loans of another type. If any such payment or conversion of any LIBORTerm SOFR Rate Loan is made on a day that is not the last day of the Interest Period applicable to such LIBORTerm SOFR Rate Loan, Borrowers shall pay Agent, upon Agent’s request, such amount or amounts set forth in clause (g) above. A certificate as to any additional amounts payable pursuant to the foregoing sentence submitted by LendersAgent or any Lender to Borrowing Agent shall be conclusive absent manifest error.45
(i)    Anything to the contrary contained herein notwithstanding, neither Agent nor any Lender, nor any of their participants, is required actually to acquire LIBORSOFR deposits to fund or otherwise match fund any Obligation as to which interest accrues based on the LIBORTerm SOFR Rate. The provisions set forth herein shall apply as if each Lender or its participants had match funded any Obligation as to which interest is accruing based on the
43 Sixth Amendment.
44 Sixth Amendment.
45 Sixth Amendment.
49



LIBORTerm SOFR Rate by acquiring LIBORSOFR deposits for each Interest Period in the amount of the LIBORTerm SOFR Rate Loans.46
2.3.    [Reserved].
2.4.    Swing Loans.
(a)    Subject to the terms and conditions set forth in this Agreement, and in order to minimize the transfer of funds between Lenders and Agent for administrative convenience, Agent, Lenders holding Revolving Commitments and Swing Loan Lender agree that in order to facilitate the administration of this Agreement, Swing Loan Lender may, at its election and option made in its sole discretion cancelable at any time for any reason whatsoever, make swing loan advances (“Swing Loans”) available to Borrowers as provided for in this Section 2.4 at any time or from time to time after the date hereof to, but not including, the expiration of the Term, in an aggregate principal amount up to but not in excess of the Maximum Swing Loan Advance Amount, provided that the outstanding aggregate principal amount of Swing Loans and the Revolving Advances at any one time outstanding shall not exceed an amount equal to the lesser of (i) the Maximum Revolving Advance Amount, less Reserves established hereunder, less the Maximum Undrawn Amount of all outstanding Letters of Credit, or (ii) the Formula Amount. All Swing Loans shall be Domestic Rate Loans only. Borrowers may borrow (at the option and election of Swing Loan Lender), repay and reborrow (at the option and election of Swing Loan Lender) Swing Loans and Swing Loan Lender may make Swing Loans as provided in this Section 2.4 during the period between Settlement Dates. All Swing Loans shall be evidenced by a secured promissory note (the “Swing Loan Note”) substantially in the form attached hereto as Exhibit 2.4(a). Swing Loan Lender’s agreement to make Swing Loans under this Agreement is cancelable at any time for any reason whatsoever and the making of Swing Loans by Swing Loan Lender from time to time shall not create any duty or obligation, or establish any course of conduct, pursuant to which Swing Loan Lender shall thereafter be obligated to make Swing Loans in the future.
(b)    Upon either (i) any request by Borrowing Agent for a Revolving Advance made pursuant to Section 2.2(a) hereof or (ii) the occurrence of any deemed request by Borrowers for a Revolving Advance pursuant to the provisions of Section 2.2(a) hereof, Swing Loan Lender may elect, in its sole discretion, to have such request or deemed request treated as a request for a Swing Loan, and may advance same day funds to Borrowers as a Swing Loan; provided that notwithstanding anything to the contrary provided for herein, Swing Loan Lender may not make Swing Loans if Swing Loan Lender has been notified by Agent or by Required Lenders that one or more of the applicable conditions set forth in Section 8.2 of this Agreement have not been satisfied or the Revolving Commitments have been terminated for any reason.
(c)    Upon the making of a Swing Loan (whether before or after the occurrence of a Default or an Event of Default and regardless of whether a Settlement has been requested with respect to such Swing Loan), each Lender holding a Revolving Commitment shall be deemed, without further action by any party hereto, to have unconditionally and irrevocably purchased from Swing Loan Lender, without recourse or warranty, an undivided interest and participation in such Swing Loan in proportion to its Revolving Commitment Percentage. Swing Loan Lender or Agent may, at any time, require the Lenders holding Revolving Commitments to fund such participations by means of a Settlement as provided for in Section 2.6(d) below. From and after the date, if any, on which any Lender holding a Revolving Commitment is required to fund, and funds, its participation in any Swing Loans purchased hereunder, Agent shall promptly distribute to such Lender its Revolving Commitment Percentage of all payments of principal and interest and all proceeds of Collateral received by Agent in respect of such Swing Loan; provided
46 Sixth Amendment.
50



that no Lender holding a Revolving Commitment shall be obligated in any event to make Revolving Advances in an amount in excess of its Revolving Commitment Amount minus its Participation Commitment (taking into account any reallocations under Section 2.22) of the Maximum Undrawn Amount of all outstanding Letters of Credit.
2.5.    Disbursement of Advance Proceeds
. All Advances shall be disbursed from whichever office or other place Agent may designate from time to time and, together with any and all other Obligations of Borrowers to Agent or Lenders, shall be charged to Borrowers’ Account on Agent’s books. The proceeds of each Revolving Advance or Swing Loan requested by Borrowing Agent on behalf of any Borrower or deemed to have been requested by any Borrower under Sections 2.2(a), 2.6(b) or 2.14 hereof shall, (i) with respect to requested Revolving Advances, to the extent Lenders make such Revolving Advances in accordance with Section 2.2(a), 2.6(b) or 2.14 hereof, and with respect to Swing Loans made upon any request or deemed request by Borrowing Agent for a Revolving Advance to the extent Swing Loan Lender makes such Swing Loan in accordance with Section 2.4(b) hereof, be made available to the Borrowers on the day so requested by way of credit to the Funding Account, in immediately available federal funds or other immediately available funds or, (ii) with respect to Revolving Advances deemed to have been requested by any Borrower or Swing Loans made upon any deemed request for a Revolving Advance by any Borrower, be disbursed to Agent to be applied to the outstanding Obligations giving rise to such deemed request. During the Term, Borrowers may use the Revolving Advances and Swing Loans by borrowing, prepaying and reborrowing, all in accordance with the terms and conditions hereof.
2.6.    Making and Settlement of Advances
.
(a)    Each borrowing of Revolving Advances shall be advanced according to the applicable Revolving Commitment Percentages of Lenders holding the Revolving Commitments (subject to any contrary terms of Section 2.22). Each borrowing of Swing Loans shall be advanced by Swing Loan Lender alone.
(b)    Promptly after receipt by Agent of a request or a deemed request for a Revolving Advance pursuant to Section 2.2(a) and, with respect to Revolving Advances, to the extent Agent elects not to provide a Swing Loan or the making of a Swing Loan would result in the aggregate amount of all outstanding Swing Loans exceeding the maximum amount permitted in Section 2.4(a), Agent shall notify Lenders holding the Revolving Commitments of its receipt of such request specifying the information provided by Borrowing Agent and the apportionment among Lenders of the requested Revolving Advance as determined by Agent in accordance with the terms hereof. Each Lender shall remit the principal amount of each Revolving Advance to Agent such that Agent is able to, and Agent shall, to the extent the applicable Lenders have made funds available to it for such purpose and subject to Section 8.2, fund such Revolving Advance to Borrowers in Dollars and immediately available funds at the Payment Office prior to the close of business, on the applicable borrowing date; provided that if any applicable Lender fails to remit such funds to Agent in a timely manner, Agent may elect in its sole discretion to fund with its own funds the Revolving Advance of such Lender on such borrowing date, and such Lender shall be subject to the repayment obligation in Section 2.6(c) hereof.
(c)    Unless Agent shall have been notified by telephone, confirmed in writing, by any Lender holding a Revolving Commitment that such Lender will not make the amount which would constitute its applicable Revolving Commitment Percentage of the requested Revolving Advance available to Agent, Agent may (but shall not be obligated to) assume that
51



such Lender has made such amount available to Agent on such date in accordance with Section 2.6(b) and may, in reliance upon such assumption, make available to Borrowers a corresponding amount. In such event, if a Lender has not in fact made its applicable Revolving Commitment Percentage of the requested Revolving Advance available to Agent, then the applicable Lender and Borrowers severally agree to pay to Agent on demand such corresponding amount with interest thereon, for each day from and including the date such amount is made available to Borrowers through but excluding the date of payment to Agent, at (i) in the case of a payment to be made by such Lender, the greater of (A) (x) the daily average Effective Federal Funds Effective Rate (computed on the basis of a year of 360 days) during such period as quoted by Agent, times (y) such amount or (B) a rate determined by Agent in accordance with banking industry rules on interbank compensation, and (ii) in the case of a payment to be made by Borrowers, the Revolving Interest Rate for Revolving Advances that are Domestic Rate Loans. If such Lender pays its share of the applicable Revolving Advance to Agent, then the amount so paid shall constitute such Lender’s Revolving Advance. Any payment by Borrowers shall be without prejudice to any claim Borrowers may have against a Lender holding a Revolving Commitment that shall have failed to make such payment to Agent. A certificate of Agent submitted to any Lender or Borrowing Agent with respect to any amounts owing under this paragraph (c) shall be conclusive, in the absence of manifest error.47
(d)    Agent, on behalf of Swing Loan Lender, shall demand settlement (a “Settlement”) of all or any Swing Loans with Lenders holding the Revolving Commitments on at least a weekly basis, or on any more frequent date that Agent elects or that Swing Loan Lender at its option exercisable for any reason whatsoever may request, by notifying Lenders holding the Revolving Commitments of such requested Settlement by facsimile, telephonic or electronic transmission no later than 3:00 p.m. Eastern Standard Time on the date of such requested Settlement (the “Settlement Date”). Subject to any contrary provisions of Section 2.22, each Lender holding a Revolving Commitment shall transfer the amount of such Lender’s Revolving Commitment Percentage of the outstanding principal amount (plus interest accrued thereon to the extent requested by Agent) of the applicable Swing Loan with respect to which Settlement is requested by Agent, to such account of Agent as Agent may designate not later than 5:00 p.m. Eastern Standard Time on such Settlement Date if requested by Agent by 3:00 p.m. Eastern Standard Time, otherwise not later than 5:00 p.m. Eastern Standard Time on the next Business Day.
(e)    Settlements may occur at any time notwithstanding that the conditions precedent to making Revolving Advances set forth in Section 8.2 have not been satisfied or the Revolving Commitments shall have otherwise been terminated at such time. All amounts so transferred to Agent shall be applied against the amount of outstanding Swing Loans and, when so applied shall constitute Revolving Advances of such Lenders accruing interest as Domestic Rate Loans. If any such amount is not transferred to Agent by any Lender holding a Revolving Commitment on such Settlement Date, Agent shall be entitled to recover such amount on demand from such Lender together with interest thereon as specified in Section 2.6(c).
(f)    If any Lender or Participant (a “Benefited Lender”) shall at any time receive any payment of all or part of its Advances, or interest thereon, or receive any Collateral in respect thereof (whether voluntarily or involuntarily or by set-off) in a greater proportion than any such payment to and Collateral received by any other Lender, if any, in respect of such other Lender’s Advances, or interest thereon, and such greater proportionate payment or receipt of Collateral is not expressly permitted hereunder, such Benefited Lender shall purchase for cash from the other Lenders a participation in such portion of each such other Lender’s Advances, or shall provide such other Lender with the benefits of any such Collateral, or the proceeds thereof, as shall be necessary to cause such Benefited Lender to share the excess payment or benefits of
47 Sixth Amendment.
52



such Collateral or proceeds ratably with each of the other Lenders; provided, however, that if all or any portion of such excess payment or benefits is thereafter recovered from such Benefited Lender, such purchase shall be rescinded, and the purchase price and benefits returned, to the extent of such recovery, but without interest. Each Borrower consents to the foregoing and agrees, to the extent it may effectively do so under Applicable Law, that each Lender so purchasing a portion of another Lender’s Advances may exercise all rights of payment (including rights of set-off) with respect to such portion as fully as if such Lender were the direct holder of such portion, and the obligations owing to each such purchasing Lender in respect of such participation and such purchased portion of any other Lender’s Advances shall be part of the Obligations secured by the Collateral, and the obligations owing to each such purchasing Lender in respect of such participation and such purchased portion of any other Lender’s Advances shall be part of the Obligations secured by the Collateral.
2.7.    Maximum Advances
. The aggregate balance of Revolving Advances plus Swing Loans outstanding at any time shall not exceed the lesser of (a) the Maximum Revolving Advance Amount, less Reserves established hereunder, less the aggregate Maximum Undrawn Amount of all issued and outstanding Letters of Credit, or (b) the Formula Amount.
2.8.    Manner and Repayment of Advances
.
(a)    The Revolving Advances and Swing Loans shall be due and payable in full on the last day of the Term subject to earlier prepayment as herein provided. Notwithstanding the foregoing, all Advances shall be subject to earlier repayment upon (x) acceleration upon the occurrence of an Event of Default under this Agreement or (y) termination of this Agreement. Each payment (including each prepayment) by any Borrower on account of the principal of and interest on the Advances shall be applied, first to the outstanding Swing Loans and next, pro rata according to the applicable Revolving Commitment Percentages of Lenders, to the outstanding Revolving Advances (subject to any contrary provisions of Section 2.22).
(b)    Each Borrower recognizes that the amounts evidenced by checks, notes, drafts or any other items of payment relating to and/or proceeds of Collateral may not be collectible by Agent on the date received by Agent. Agent shall conditionally credit Borrowers’ Account for each item of payment on the next Business Day after the Business Day on which such item of payment is received by Agent (and the Business Day on which each such item of payment is so credited shall be referred to, with respect to such item, as the “Application Date”) Agent is not, however, required to credit Borrowers’ Account for the amount of any item of payment which is unsatisfactory to Agent and Agent may charge Borrowers’ Account for the amount of any item of payment which is returned, for any reason whatsoever, to Agent unpaid. Subject to the foregoing, Borrowers agree that for purposes of computing the interest charges under this Agreement, each item of payment received by Agent shall be deemed applied by Agent on account of the Obligations on its respective Application Date.
(c)    All payments of principal, interest and other amounts payable hereunder, or under any of the Other Documents shall be made to Agent at the Payment Office not later than 1:00 p.m. Eastern Standard Time on the due date therefor in Dollars in federal funds or other funds immediately available to Agent. Agent shall have the right to effectuate payment of any and all Obligations due and owing hereunder by charging Borrowers’ Account or by making Advances as provided in Section 2.2 hereof.
53



(d)    Except as expressly provided herein, all payments (including prepayments) to be made by any Borrower on account of principal, interest, fees and other amounts payable hereunder shall be made without deduction, setoff or counterclaim and shall be made to Agent on behalf of Lenders to the Payment Office, in each case on or prior to 1:00 p.m. Eastern Standard Time, in Dollars and in immediately available funds.
2.9.    Repayment of Excess Advances
. If at any time the aggregate balance of outstanding Revolving Advances, Swing Loans and/or other Advances, individually or taken as a whole, exceeds the maximum amount of such type of Advances and/or the maximum amount of all such Advances taken as a whole (as applicable) permitted hereunder, including any breach of Section 2.7, such excess Advances shall be immediately due and payable (including pursuant to the provision of cash collateral in accordance with Section 3.2(b), if applicable) without the necessity of any demand, at the Payment Office, whether or not a Default or an Event of Default has occurred.
2.10.    Statement of Account
. Agent shall maintain, in accordance with its customary procedures, a loan account (“Borrowers’ Account”) in the name of Borrowers in which shall be recorded the date and amount of each Advance made by Agent, Swing Loan Lender or Lenders and the date and amount of each payment in respect thereof; provided, however, the failure by Agent to record the date and amount of any Advance shall not adversely affect Agent, Swing Loan Lender or any Lender. Each month, Agent shall send to Borrowing Agent a statement showing the accounting for the Advances made, payments made or credited in respect thereof, and other transactions between Agent, Swing Loan Lender, Lenders and Borrowers during such month. The monthly statements shall be deemed correct and binding upon Borrowers in the absence of manifest error and shall constitute an account stated between Agent, Swing Loan Lender, Lenders and Borrowers unless Agent receives a written statement of Borrowers’ specific exceptions thereto within thirty (30) days after such statement is received by Borrowing Agent. The records of Agent with respect to Borrowers’ Account shall be conclusive evidence absent manifest error of the amounts of Advances and other charges thereto and of payments applicable thereto.
2.11.    Letters of Credit
.
(a)    Subject to the terms and conditions hereof, Issuer shall issue or cause the issuance of standby letters of credit denominated in Dollars (“Letters of Credit”) for the account of any Borrower except to the extent that the issuance thereof would then cause the sum of (i) the outstanding Revolving Advances plus (ii) the outstanding Swing Loans, plus (iii) the Maximum Undrawn Amount of all outstanding Letters of Credit, plus (iv) the Maximum Undrawn Amount of the Letter of Credit to be issued to exceed the lesser of (x) the Maximum Revolving Advance Amount less Reserves established hereunder, or (y) the Formula Amount (calculated without giving effect to the deductions provided for in Section 2.1(a)(y)(iii)). The Maximum Undrawn Amount of all outstanding Letters of Credit shall not exceed in the aggregate at any time the Letter of Credit Sublimit. All disbursements or payments related to Letters of Credit shall be deemed to be Revolving Advances made as Domestic Rate Loans and shall bear interest at the Revolving Interest Rate for Domestic Rate Loans. Letters of Credit that have not been drawn upon shall not bear interest (but fees shall accrue in respect of outstanding Letters of Credit as provided in Section 3.2 hereof).
(b)    Notwithstanding any provision of this Agreement, Issuer shall not be under any obligation to issue any Letter of Credit if (i) any order, judgment or decree of any
54



Governmental Body or arbitrator shall by its terms purport to enjoin or restrain Issuer from issuing any Letter of Credit, or any Law applicable to Issuer or any request or directive (whether or not having the force of law) from any Governmental Body with jurisdiction over Issuer shall prohibit, or request that Issuer refrain from, the issuance of letters of credit generally or the Letter of Credit in particular or shall impose upon Issuer with respect to the Letter of Credit any restriction, reserve or capital requirement (for which Issuer is not otherwise compensated hereunder) not in effect on the date of this Agreement, or shall impose upon Issuer any unreimbursed loss, cost or expense which was not applicable on the date of this Agreement, and which Issuer in good faith deems material to it, or (ii) the issuance of the Letter of Credit would violate one or more policies of Issuer applicable to letters of credit generally.
2.12.    Issuance of Letters of Credit
.
(a)    Borrowing Agent, on behalf of any Borrower, may request Issuer to issue or cause the issuance of a Letter of Credit by delivering to Issuer, with a copy to Agent at the Payment Office, prior to 1:00 p.m. Eastern Standard Time, at least five (5) Business Days prior to the proposed date of issuance, such Issuer’s form of Letter of Credit Application (the “Letter of Credit Application”) completed to the satisfaction of Agent and Issuer; and, such other certificates, documents and other papers and information as Agent or Issuer may reasonably request. Issuer shall not issue any requested Letter of Credit if such Issuer has received notice from Agent or any Lender that one or more of the applicable conditions set forth in Section 8.2 of this Agreement have not been satisfied or the commitments of Lenders to make Revolving Advances hereunder have been terminated for any reason.
(b)    Each Letter of Credit shall, among other things, (i) provide for the payment of sight drafts or other written demands for payment and (ii) have an expiry date not later than twelve (12) months after such Letter of Credit’s date of issuance and in no event later than the last day of the Term. Each standby Letter of Credit shall be subject either to the Uniform Customs and Practice for Documentary Credits as most recently published by the International Chamber of Commerce at the time a Letter of Credit is issued (the “UCP”) or the International Standby Practices (International Chamber of Commerce Publication Number 590), or any subsequent revision thereof at the time a standby Letter of Credit is issued, as determined by Issuer.
(c)    Agent shall use its reasonable efforts to notify Lenders of the request by Borrowing Agent for a Letter of Credit hereunder.
2.13.    Requirements For Issuance of Letters of Credit
.
(a)    Borrowing Agent shall authorize and direct any Issuer to name the applicable Borrower as the “Applicant” or “Account Party” of each Letter of Credit. If Agent is not the Issuer of any Letter of Credit, Borrowing Agent shall authorize and direct Issuer to deliver to Agent all instruments, documents, and other writings and property received by Issuer pursuant to the Letter of Credit and to accept and rely upon Agent’s instructions and agreements with respect to all matters arising in connection with the Letter of Credit, and the application therefor.
(b)    [Reserved].
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2.14.    Disbursements, Reimbursement
.
(a)    Immediately upon the issuance of each Letter of Credit, each Lender holding a Revolving Commitment shall be deemed to, and hereby irrevocably and unconditionally agrees to, purchase from Issuer a participation in each Letter of Credit and each drawing thereunder in an amount equal to such Lender’s Revolving Commitment Percentage of the Maximum Undrawn Amount of such Letter of Credit (as in effect from time to time) and the amount of such drawing, respectively.
(b)    In the event of any request for a drawing under a Letter of Credit by the beneficiary or transferee thereof, Issuer will promptly notify Agent and Borrowing Agent. Regardless of whether Borrowing Agent shall have received such notice, Borrowers shall reimburse (such obligation to reimburse Issuer shall sometimes be referred to as a “Reimbursement Obligation”) Issuer prior to 12:00 Noon Eastern Standard Time, on each date that an amount is paid by Issuer under any Letter of Credit (each such date, a “Drawing Date”) in an amount equal to the amount so paid by Issuer. In the event Borrowers fail to reimburse Issuer for the full amount of any drawing under any Letter of Credit by 12:00 Noon Eastern Standard Time, on the Drawing Date, Issuer will promptly notify Agent and each Lender holding a Revolving Commitment thereof, and Borrowers shall be automatically deemed to have requested that a Revolving Advance maintained as a Domestic Rate Loan be made by Lenders to be disbursed on the Drawing Date under such Letter of Credit, and Lenders holding the Revolving Commitments shall be unconditionally obligated to fund such Revolving Advance (all whether or not the conditions specified in Section 8.2 are then satisfied or the commitments of Lenders to make Revolving Advances hereunder have been terminated for any reason) as provided for in Section 2.14(c) immediately below. Any notice given by Issuer pursuant to this Section 2.14(b) may be oral if promptly confirmed in writing; provided that the lack of such a confirmation shall not affect the conclusiveness or binding effect of such notice.
(c)    Each Lender holding a Revolving Commitment shall upon any notice pursuant to Section 2.14(b) make available to Issuer through Agent at the Payment Office an amount in immediately available funds equal to its Revolving Commitment Percentage (subject to any contrary provisions of Section 2.22) of the amount of the drawing, whereupon the participating Lenders shall (subject to Section 2.14(d)) each be deemed to have made a Revolving Advance maintained as a Domestic Rate Loan to Borrowers in that amount. If any Lender holding a Revolving Commitment so notified fails to make available to Agent, for the benefit of Issuer, the amount of such Lender’s Revolving Commitment Percentage of such amount by 2:00 p.m. Eastern Standard Time on the Drawing Date, then interest shall accrue on such Lender’s obligation to make such payment, from the Drawing Date to the date on which such Lender makes such payment (i) at a rate per annum equal to the Effective Federal Funds Effective Rate during the first three (3) days following the Drawing Date and (ii) at a rate per annum equal to the rate applicable to Revolving Advances maintained as a Domestic Rate Loan on and after the fourth day following the Drawing Date. Agent and Issuer will promptly give notice of the occurrence of the Drawing Date, but failure of Agent or Issuer to give any such notice on the Drawing Date or in sufficient time to enable any Lender holding a Revolving Commitment to effect such payment on such date shall not relieve such Lender from its obligations under this Section 2.14(c); provided, that, such Lender shall not be obligated to pay interest as provided in Section 2.14(c)(i) and (ii) until and commencing from the date of receipt of notice from Agent or Issuer of a drawing.48
48 Sixth Amendment.
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(d)    With respect to any unreimbursed drawing that is not converted into a Revolving Advance maintained as a Domestic Rate Loan to Borrowers in whole or in part as contemplated by Section 2.14(b), because of Borrowers’ failure to satisfy the conditions set forth in Section 8.2 hereof (other than any notice requirements) or for any other reason, Borrowers shall be deemed to have incurred from Agent a borrowing (each a “Letter of Credit Borrowing”) in the amount of such drawing. Such Letter of Credit Borrowing shall be due and payable on demand (together with interest) and shall bear interest at the rate per annum applicable to a Revolving Advance maintained as a Domestic Rate Loan. Each applicable Lender’s payment to Agent pursuant to Section 2.14(c) shall be deemed to be a payment in respect of its participation in such Letter of Credit Borrowing and shall constitute a “Participation Advance” from such Lender in satisfaction of its Participation Commitment in respect of the applicable Letter of Credit under this Section 2.14.
(e)    Each applicable Lender’s Participation Commitment in respect of the Letters of Credit shall continue until the last to occur of any of the following events: (x) Issuer ceases to be obligated to issue or cause to be issued Letters of Credit hereunder; (y) no Letter of Credit issued or created hereunder remains outstanding and uncancelled; and (z) all Persons (other than Borrowers) have been fully reimbursed for all payments made under or relating to Letters of Credit.
2.15.    Repayment of Participation Advances
.
(a)    Upon (and only upon) receipt by Agent for the account of Issuer of immediately available funds from Borrowers (i) in reimbursement of any payment made by Issuer or Agent under the Letter of Credit with respect to which any Lender has made a Participation Advance to Agent, or (ii) in payment of interest on such a payment made by Issuer or Agent under such a Letter of Credit, Agent will pay to each Lender holding a Revolving Commitment, in the same funds as those received by Agent, the amount of such Lender’s Revolving Commitment Percentage of such funds, except Agent shall retain the amount of the Revolving Commitment Percentage of such funds of any Lender holding a Revolving Commitment that did not make a Participation Advance in respect of such payment by Agent (and, to the extent that any of the other Lender(s) holding the Revolving Commitment have funded any portion such Defaulting Lender’s Participation Advance in accordance with the provisions of Section 2.22, Agent will pay over to such Non-Defaulting Lenders a pro rata portion of the funds so withheld from such Defaulting Lender).
(b)    If Issuer or Agent is required at any time to return to any Borrower, or to a trustee, receiver, liquidator, custodian, or any official in any insolvency proceeding, any portion of the payments made by Borrowers to Issuer or Agent pursuant to Section 2.15(a) in reimbursement of a payment made under the Letter of Credit or interest or fee thereon, each applicable Lender shall, on demand of Agent, forthwith return to Issuer or Agent the amount of its Revolving Commitment Percentage of any amounts so returned by Issuer or Agent plus interest at the Effective Federal Funds Effective Rate.49
2.16.    Documentation
. Each Borrower agrees to be bound by the terms of the Letter of Credit Application and by Issuer’s interpretations of any Letter of Credit issued on behalf of such Borrower and by Issuer’s written regulations and customary practices relating to letters of credit, though Issuer’s interpretations may be different from such Borrower’s own. In the event of a conflict between
49 Sixth Amendment.
57



the Letter of Credit Application and this Agreement, this Agreement shall govern. It is understood and agreed that, except in the case of gross negligence or willful misconduct (as determined by a court of competent jurisdiction in a final non-appealable judgment), Issuer shall not be liable for any error, negligence and/or mistakes, whether of omission or commission, in following Borrowing Agent’s or any Borrower’s instructions or those contained in the Letters of Credit or any modifications, amendments or supplements thereto.
2.17.    Determination to Honor Drawing Request
. In determining whether to honor any request for drawing under any Letter of Credit by the beneficiary thereof, Issuer shall be responsible only to determine that the documents and certificates required to be delivered under such Letter of Credit have been delivered and that they comply on their face with the requirements of such Letter of Credit and that any other drawing condition appearing on the face of such Letter of Credit has been satisfied in the manner so set forth.
2.18.    Nature of Participation and Reimbursement Obligations
. The obligation of each Lender holding a Revolving Commitment in accordance with this Agreement to make the Revolving Advances or Participation Advances as a result of a drawing under a Letter of Credit, and the obligations of Borrowers to reimburse Issuer upon a draw under a Letter of Credit, shall be absolute, unconditional and irrevocable, and shall be performed strictly in accordance with the terms of this Section 2.18 under all circumstances, including the following circumstances:
(i)    any set-off, counterclaim, recoupment, defense or other right which such Lender or any Borrower, as the case may be, may have against Issuer, Agent, any Borrower or Lender, as the case may be, or any other Person for any reason whatsoever;
(ii)    the failure of any Borrower or any other Person to comply, in connection with a Letter of Credit Borrowing, with the conditions set forth in this Agreement for the making of a Revolving Advance, it being acknowledged that such conditions are not required for the making of a Letter of Credit Borrowing and the obligation of Lenders to make Participation Advances under Section 2.14;
(iii)    any lack of validity or enforceability of any Letter of Credit;
(iv)    any claim of breach of warranty that might be made by any Borrower, Agent, Issuer or any Lender against the beneficiary of a Letter of Credit, or the existence of any claim, set-off, recoupment, counterclaim, cross-claim, defense or other right which any Borrower, Agent, Issuer or any Lender may have at any time against a beneficiary, any successor beneficiary or any transferee of any Letter of Credit or assignee of the proceeds thereof (or any Persons for whom any such transferee or assignee may be acting), Issuer, Agent or any Lender or any other Person, whether in connection with this Agreement, the transactions contemplated herein or any unrelated transaction (including any underlying transaction between any Borrower or any Subsidiaries of such Borrower and the beneficiary for which any Letter of Credit was procured);
(v)    the lack of power or authority of any signer of (or any defect in or forgery of any signature or endorsement on) or the form of or lack of validity, sufficiency, accuracy, enforceability or genuineness of any draft, demand, instrument, certificate or other document presented under or in connection with any Letter of Credit, or any fraud or alleged fraud in connection with any Letter of Credit, or the transport of any property or provision of
58



services relating to a Letter of Credit, in each case even if Issuer or any of Issuer’s Affiliates has been notified thereof;
(vi)    payment by Issuer under any Letter of Credit against presentation of a demand, draft or certificate or other document which is forged or does not fully comply with the terms of such Letter of Credit (provided that the foregoing shall not excuse Issuer from any obligation under the terms of any applicable Letter of Credit to require the presentation of documents that on their face appear to satisfy any applicable requirements for drawing under such Letter of Credit prior to honoring or paying any such draw);
(vii)    the solvency of, or any acts or omissions by, any beneficiary of any Letter of Credit, or any other Person having a role in any transaction or obligation relating to a Letter of Credit, or the existence, nature, quality, quantity, condition, value or other characteristic of any property or services relating to a Letter of Credit;
(viii)    any failure by Issuer or any of Issuer’s Affiliates to issue any Letter of Credit in the form requested by Borrowing Agent, unless Agent and Issuer have each received written notice from Borrowing Agent of such failure within three (3) Business Days after Issuer shall have furnished Agent and Borrowing Agent a copy of such Letter of Credit and such error is material and no drawing has been made thereon prior to receipt of such notice;
(ix)    the occurrence of any Material Adverse Effect;
(x)    any breach of this Agreement or any Other Document by any party thereto;
(xi)    the occurrence or continuance of an insolvency proceeding with respect to any Loan Party;
(xii)    the fact that a Default or an Event of Default shall have occurred and be continuing;
(xiii)    the fact that the Term shall have expired or this Agreement or the obligations of Lenders to make Advances have been terminated; and
(xiv)    any other circumstance or happening whatsoever, whether or not similar to any of the foregoing.
2.19.    Liability for Acts and Omissions
.
(a)    As between Borrowers and Issuer, Swing Loan Lender, Agent and Lenders, each Borrower assumes all risks of the acts and omissions of, or misuse of the Letters of Credit by, the respective beneficiaries of such Letters of Credit. In furtherance and not in limitation of the foregoing, Issuer shall not be responsible for: (i) the form, validity, sufficiency, accuracy, genuineness or legal effect of any document submitted by any party in connection with the application for an issuance of any such Letter of Credit, even if it should in fact prove to be in any or all respects invalid, insufficient, inaccurate, fraudulent or forged (even if Issuer or any of its Affiliates shall have been notified thereof); (ii) the validity or sufficiency of any instrument transferring or assigning or purporting to transfer or assign any such Letter of Credit or the rights or benefits thereunder or proceeds thereof, in whole or in part, which may prove to be invalid or ineffective for any reason; (iii) the failure of the beneficiary of any such Letter of Credit, or any other party to which such Letter of Credit may be transferred, to comply fully with any
59



conditions required in order to draw upon such Letter of Credit or any other claim of any Borrower against any beneficiary of such Letter of Credit, or any such transferee, or any dispute between or among any Borrower and any beneficiary of any Letter of Credit or any such transferee; (iv) errors, omissions, interruptions or delays in transmission or delivery of any messages, by mail, cable, facsimile, telex or otherwise, whether or not they be in cipher; (v) errors in interpretation of technical terms; (vi) any loss or delay in the transmission or otherwise of any document required in order to make a drawing under any such Letter of Credit or of the proceeds thereof; (vii) the misapplication by the beneficiary of any such Letter of Credit of the proceeds of any drawing under such Letter of Credit; or (viii) any consequences arising from causes beyond the control of Issuer, including any Governmental Acts, and none of the above shall affect or impair, or prevent the vesting of, any of Issuer’s rights or powers hereunder. Nothing in the preceding sentence shall relieve Issuer from liability for Issuer’s gross negligence or willful misconduct (as determined by a court of competent jurisdiction in a final non-appealable judgment) in connection with actions or omissions described in such clauses (i) through (viii) of such sentence. In no event shall Issuer or Issuer’s Affiliates be liable to any Borrower for any indirect, consequential, incidental, punitive, exemplary or special damages or expenses (including without limitation attorneys’ fees), or for any damages resulting from any change in the value of any property relating to a Letter of Credit.
(b)    Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, Issuer and each of its Affiliates: (i) may rely on any oral or other communication believed in good faith by Issuer or such Affiliate to have been authorized or given by or on behalf of the applicant for a Letter of Credit; (ii) may honor any presentation if the documents presented appear on their face substantially to comply with the terms and conditions of the relevant Letter of Credit; (iii) may honor a previously dishonored presentation under a Letter of Credit, whether such dishonor was pursuant to a court order, to settle or compromise any claim of wrongful dishonor, or otherwise, and shall be entitled to reimbursement to the same extent as if such presentation had initially been honored, together with any interest paid by Issuer or its Affiliates; (iv) may honor any drawing that is payable upon presentation of a statement advising negotiation or payment, upon receipt of such statement (even if such statement indicates that a draft or other document is being delivered separately), and shall not be liable for any failure of any such draft or other document to arrive, or to conform in any way with the relevant Letter of Credit; (v) may pay any paying or negotiating bank claiming that it rightfully honored under the laws or practices of the place where such bank is located; and (vi) may settle or adjust any claim or demand made on Issuer or its Affiliate in any way related to any order issued at the applicant’s request to an air carrier, a letter of guarantee or of indemnity issued to a steamship agent or carrier or any document or instrument of like import (each an “Order”) and honor any drawing in connection with any Letter of Credit that is the subject of such Order, notwithstanding that any drafts or other documents presented in connection with such Letter of Credit fail to conform in any way with such Letter of Credit.
(c)    In furtherance and extension and not in limitation of the specific provisions set forth above, any action taken or omitted by Issuer under or in connection with the Letters of Credit issued by it or any documents and certificates delivered thereunder, if taken or omitted in good faith and without gross negligence (as determined by a court of competent jurisdiction in a final non-appealable judgment), shall not put Issuer under any resulting liability to any Borrower, Agent or any Lender.
2.20.    [Reserved]
.
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2.21.    Use of Proceeds
.
(a)    Borrowers shall apply the proceeds of Advances to (i) partially finance the Closing Date Acquisition, (ii) pay fees and expenses associated with the Transactions, and (iii) provide for their working capital needs and reimburse drawings under Letters of Credit.
(b)    Without limiting the generality of Section 2.21(a) above, neither the Loan Parties nor any other Person which may in the future become party to this Agreement or the Other Documents as a Loan Party, intends to use nor shall they use any portion of the proceeds of the Advances, directly or indirectly, for any purpose in violation of Applicable Law.
2.22.    Defaulting Lenders
.
(a)    Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained herein, in the event any Lender is a Defaulting Lender, all rights and obligations hereunder of such Defaulting Lender and of the other parties hereto shall be modified to the extent of the express provisions of this Section 2.22 so long as such Lender is a Defaulting Lender.
(b)    Except as otherwise expressly provided for in this Section 2.22, Revolving Advances shall be made pro rata from Lenders holding Revolving Commitments which are not Defaulting Lenders based on their respective Revolving Commitment Percentages, and no Revolving Commitment Percentage of any Lender or any pro rata share of any Revolving Advances required to be advanced by any Lender shall be increased as a result of any Lender being a Defaulting Lender. Amounts received in respect of principal of any type of Revolving Advances shall be applied to reduce such type of Revolving Advances of each Lender (other than any Defaulting Lender) holding a Revolving Commitment in accordance with their Revolving Commitment Percentages; provided, that, Agent shall not be obligated to transfer to a Defaulting Lender any payments received by Agent for Defaulting Lender’s benefit, nor shall a Defaulting Lender be entitled to the sharing of any payments hereunder (including any principal, interest or fees). Amounts payable to a Defaulting Lender shall instead be paid to or retained by Agent. Agent may hold and, in its discretion, re-lend to a Borrower the amount of such payments received or retained by it for the account of such Defaulting Lender.
(i)    Fees pursuant to Section 3.3 hereof shall cease to accrue in favor of such Defaulting Lender.
(ii)    If any Swing Loans are outstanding or any Letters of Credit (or drawings under any Letter of Credit for which Issuer has not been reimbursed) are outstanding or exist at the time any such Lender holding a Revolving Commitment becomes a Defaulting Lender, then:
(A)    Defaulting Lender’s Participation Commitment in the outstanding Swing Loans and of the Maximum Undrawn Amount of all outstanding Letters of Credit shall be reallocated among Non-Defaulting Lenders holding Revolving Commitments in proportion to the respective Revolving Commitment Percentages of such Non-Defaulting Lenders to the extent (but only to the extent) that (x) such reallocation does not cause the aggregate sum of outstanding Revolving Advances made by any such Non-Defaulting Lender holding a Revolving Commitment plus such Lender’s reallocated Participation Commitment in the outstanding Swing Loans plus such Lender’s reallocated Participation Commitment in the aggregate Maximum Undrawn Amount of all outstanding Letters of Credit to exceed the
61



Revolving Commitment Amount of any such Non-Defaulting Lender, and (y) no Default or Event of Default has occurred and is continuing at such time;
(B)    if the reallocation described in clause (A) above cannot, or can only partially, be effected, Borrowers shall within one Business Day following notice by Agent (x) first, prepay any outstanding Swing Loans that cannot be reallocated, and (y) second, cash collateralize for the benefit of Issuer, Borrowers’ obligations corresponding to such Defaulting Lender’s Participation Commitment in the Maximum Undrawn Amount of all Letters of Credit (after giving effect to any partial reallocation pursuant to clause (A) above) in accordance with Section 3.2(b) for so long as such Obligations are outstanding;
(C)    if Borrowers cash collateralize any portion of such Defaulting Lender’s Participation Commitment in the Maximum Undrawn Amount of all Letters of Credit pursuant to clause (B) above, Borrowers shall not be required to pay any fees to such Defaulting Lender pursuant to Section 3.2(a) with respect to such Defaulting Lender’s Revolving Commitment Percentage of Maximum Undrawn Amount of all Letters of Credit during the period such Defaulting Lender’s Participation Commitment in the Maximum Undrawn Amount of all Letters of Credit are cash collateralized;
(D)    if Defaulting Lender’s Participation Commitment in the Maximum Undrawn Amount of all Letters of Credit is reallocated pursuant to clause (A) above, then the fees payable to Lenders holding Revolving Commitments pursuant to Section 3.2(a) shall be adjusted and reallocated to Non-Defaulting Lenders holding Revolving Commitments in accordance with such reallocation; and
(E)    if all or any portion of such Defaulting Lender’s Participation Commitment in the Maximum Undrawn Amount of all Letters of Credit is neither reallocated nor cash collateralized pursuant to clauses (A) or (B) above, then, without prejudice to any rights or remedies of Issuer or any other Lender hereunder, all Letter of Credit Fees payable under Section 3.2(a)with respect to such Defaulting Lender’s Revolving Commitment Percentage of the Maximum Undrawn Amount of all Letters of Credit shall be payable to the Issuer (and not to such Defaulting Lender) until (and then only to the extent that) such Participation Commitment in the Maximum Undrawn Amount of all Letters of Credit is reallocated and/or cash collateralized; and
(iii)    so long as any Lender holding a Revolving Commitment is a Defaulting Lender, Swing Loan Lender shall not be required to fund any Swing Loans and Issuer shall not be required to issue, amend or increase any Letter of Credit, unless Swing Loan Lender or Issuer, as applicable, is satisfied that the related exposure and Defaulting Lender’s Participation Commitment in the Maximum Undrawn Amount of all Letters of Credit and all Swing Loans (after giving effect to any such issuance, amendment, increase or funding) will be fully allocated to Non-Defaulting Lenders holding Revolving Commitments and/or cash collateral for such Letters of Credit will be provided by Borrowers in accordance with clause (A) and (B) above, and participating interests in any newly made Swing Loan or any newly issued or increased Letter of Credit shall be allocated among Non-Defaulting Lenders in a manner consistent with Section 2.22(b)(ii)(A) above (and such Defaulting Lender shall not participate therein).
(c)    A Defaulting Lender shall not be entitled to give instructions to Agent or to approve, disapprove, consent to or vote on any matters relating to this Agreement and the Other Documents, and all amendments, waivers and other modifications of this Agreement and the Other Documents may be made without regard to a Defaulting Lender and, for purposes of the definition of “Required Lenders”, a Defaulting Lender shall not be deemed to be a Lender, to have any outstanding Advances or a Revolving Commitment Percentage; provided, that this
62



clause (c) shall not apply to the vote of a Defaulting Lender in the case of an amendment, waiver or other modification described in clauses (i) or (ii) of Section 16.2(b).
(d)    Other than as expressly set forth in this Section 2.22, the rights and obligations of a Defaulting Lender (including the obligation to indemnify Agent) and the other parties hereto shall remain unchanged. Nothing in this Section 2.22 shall be deemed to release any Defaulting Lender from its obligations under this Agreement and the Other Documents, shall alter such obligations, shall operate as a waiver of any default by such Defaulting Lender hereunder, or shall prejudice any rights which any Borrower, Agent or any Lender may have against any Defaulting Lender as a result of any default by such Defaulting Lender hereunder.
(e)    In the event that Agent, Borrowers, Swing Loan Lender and Issuer agree in writing that a Defaulting Lender has adequately remedied all matters that caused such Lender to be a Defaulting Lender, then Agent will so notify the parties hereto, and, if such cured Defaulting Lender is a Lender holding a Revolving Commitment, then Participation Commitments of Lenders holding Revolving Commitments (including such cured Defaulting Lender) of the Swing Loans and Maximum Undrawn Amount of all outstanding Letters of Credit shall be reallocated to reflect the inclusion of such Lender’s Revolving Commitment, and on such date such Lender shall purchase at par such of the Revolving Advances of the other Lenders as Agent shall determine may be necessary in order for such Lender to hold such Revolving Advances in accordance with its Revolving Commitment Percentage.
(f)    If Swing Loan Lender or Issuer has a good faith belief that any Lender holding a Revolving Commitment has defaulted in fulfilling its obligations under one or more other agreements in which such Lender commits to extend credit, Swing Loan Lender shall not be required to fund any Swing Loans and Issuer shall not be required to issue, amend or increase any Letter of Credit, unless Swing Loan Lender or Issuer, as the case may be, shall have entered into arrangements with Borrowers or such Lender, satisfactory to Swing Loan Lender or Issuer, as the case may be, to defease any risk to it in respect of such Lender hereunder.
2.23.    Payment of Obligations
. Agent may charge to Borrowers’ Account as a Revolving Advance or, at the discretion of Swing Loan Lender, as a Swing Loan (a) all payments with respect to any of the Obligations required hereunder (including without limitation principal payments, payments of interest, payments of Letter of Credit Fees and all other fees provided for hereunder and payments under Sections 16.5 and 16.9) or under any Other Document as and when each such payment shall become due and payable (whether as regularly scheduled, upon or after acceleration, upon maturity or otherwise), (b) without limiting the generality of the foregoing clause (a), (i) all amounts expended by Agent or any Secured Party pursuant to Sections 4.2 or 4.3 hereof and (ii) all expenses which Agent incurs in connection with the forwarding of Advance proceeds and the establishment and maintenance of any Blocked Accounts or Depository Accounts as provided for in Section 4.8(h), and (c) any sums expended by Agent or any Secured Party due to any Loan Party’s failure to perform or comply with its obligations under this Agreement or any Other Document including any Loan Party’s obligations under Sections 3.3, 3.4, 4.2, 4.4, 6.4, 6.6, 6.7 and 6.8 hereof, and all amounts so charged shall be added to the Obligations and shall be secured by the Collateral. To the extent Revolving Advances are not actually funded by the other Lenders in respect of any such amounts so charged, all such amounts so charged shall be deemed to be Revolving Advances made by and owing to Agent and Agent shall be entitled to all rights (including accrual of interest) and remedies of a Lender under this Agreement and the Other Documents with respect to such Revolving Advances.50
50 Sixth Amendment.
63



III.    INTEREST AND FEES.
3.1.    Interest
. Interest on Advances shall be payable in arrears on the first Business Day of each month with respect to Domestic Rate Loans and, and, with respect to LIBORTerm SOFR Rate Loans, at (a) the end of each Interest Period; for Term SOFR Rate Loans with an Interest Period of one (1) or three (3) months, and (b) for Term SOFR Rate Loans with an Interest Period in excess of three (3) months (if such Interest Periods are permitted hereunder), at the end of each three (3) month period during such Interest Period, provided, further that, all accrued and unpaid interest shall be due and payable at the end of the Term and, in respect of any particular Obligations with respect to which interest is accrued and unpaid, when such Obligations are otherwise due and payable. Interest charges shall be computed on the actual principal amount of Advances outstanding during the month at a rate per annum equal to (i) with respect to Revolving Advances, the applicable Revolving Interest Rate plus the SOFR Adjustment for the applicable Interest Period and (ii) with respect to Swing Loans, the Revolving Interest Rate for Domestic Rate Loans (as applicable, the “Contract Rate”). Except as expressly provided otherwise in this Agreement, any Obligations other than the Advances that are not paid when due shall accrue interest at the Revolving Interest Rate for Domestic Rate Loans, subject to the provision of the final sentence of this Section 3.1 regarding the Default Rate. Whenever, subsequent to the date of this Agreement, the Alternate Base Rate is increased or decreased, the applicable Contract Rate for Domestic Rate Loans shall be similarly changed without notice or demand of any kind by an amount equal to the amount of such change in the Alternate Base Rate during the time such change or changes remain in effect. The LIBORTerm SOFR Rate shall be adjusted with respect to LIBORTerm SOFR Rate Loans without notice or demand of any kind on the effective date of any change in the SOFR Reserve Percentage as of such effective date. Upon and after the occurrence of an Event of Default, and during the continuation thereof, at the option of Agent or at the direction of Required Lenders (or, in the case of any Event of Default under Section 10.7, immediately and automatically upon the occurrence of any such Event of Default without the requirement of any affirmative action by any party), all(i) the Obligations shall bear interest at the applicable Contract Rate plus two percent (2%) per annum (the “Default Rate”).51
3.2.    Letter of Credit Fees
.
(a)    Borrowers shall pay (x) to Agent, for the ratable benefit of Lenders holding Revolving Commitments, fees for each Letter of Credit for the period from and excluding the date of issuance of same to and including the date of expiration or termination, equal to the daily face amount of each outstanding Letter of Credit multiplied by the Applicable Margin plus the SOFR Adjustment for Revolving Advances consisting of LIBORTerm SOFR Rate Loans with an Interest Period of three months, such fees to be calculated on the basis of a 360-day year for the actual number of days elapsed and to be payable quarterly in arrears on the first Business Day of each calendar quarter and on the last day of the Term, and (y) to Issuer, a fronting fee of one quarter of one percent (0.25%) per annum times the daily face amount of each outstanding Letter of Credit for the period from and excluding the date of issuance of same to and including the date of expiration or termination, to be payable quarterly in arrears on the first Business Day of each calendar quarter and on the last day of the Term (all of the foregoing fees, the “Letter of Credit Fees”). In addition, Borrowers shall pay to Agent, for the benefit of Issuer, any and all administrative, issuance, amendment, payment and negotiation charges with respect to Letters of Credit and all fees and expenses as agreed upon by Issuer and the Borrowing Agent in connection with any Letter of Credit, including in connection with the opening, amendment or
51 Sixth Amendment.
64



renewal of any such Letter of Credit and any acceptances created thereunder, all such charges, fees and expenses, if any, to be payable on demand. All such charges shall be deemed earned in full on the date when the same are due and payable hereunder and shall not be subject to rebate or pro-ration upon the termination of this Agreement for any reason. Any such charge in effect at the time of a particular transaction shall be the charge for that transaction, notwithstanding any subsequent change in Issuer’s prevailing charges for that type of transaction. Upon and after the occurrence of an Event of Default, and during the continuation thereof, at the option of Agent or at the direction of Required Lenders (or, in the case of any Event of Default under Section 10.7, immediately and automatically upon the occurrence of any such Event of Default without the requirement of any affirmative action by any party), the Letter of Credit Fees described in clause (x) of this Section 3.2(a) shall be increased by an additional two percent (2.0%) per annum.52
(b)    At any time following the occurrence of an Event of Default, at the option of Agent or at the direction of Required Lenders (or, in the case of any Event of Default under Section 10.7, immediately and automatically upon the occurrence of such Event of Default, without the requirement of any affirmative action by any party), or upon the expiration of the Term or any other termination of this Agreement, Borrowers will cause cash to be deposited and maintained in an account with Agent, as cash collateral, in an amount equal to one hundred and five percent (105%) of the Maximum Undrawn Amount of all outstanding Letters of Credit, and each Borrower hereby irrevocably authorizes Agent, in its discretion, on such Borrower’s behalf and in such Borrower’s name, to open such an account and to make and maintain deposits therein, or in an account opened by such Borrower, in the amounts required to be made by such Borrower, out of the proceeds of Receivables or other Collateral or out of any other funds of such Borrower coming into any Lender’s possession at any time. Agent may, in its discretion, invest such cash collateral (less applicable reserves) in such short-term money-market items as to which Agent and such Borrower mutually agree (or, in the absence of such agreement, as Agent may reasonably select) and the net return on such investments shall be credited to such account and constitute additional cash collateral, or Agent may (notwithstanding the foregoing) establish the account provided for under this Section 3.2(b) as a non-interest bearing account and in such case Agent shall have no obligation (and Borrowers hereby waive any claim) under Article 9 of the Uniform Commercial Code or under any other Applicable Law to pay interest on such cash collateral being held by Agent. No Borrower may withdraw amounts credited to any such account except upon the occurrence of the Termination Date. Borrowers hereby assign, pledge and grant to Agent, for its benefit and the ratable benefit of Issuer, Lenders and each other Secured Party, a continuing security interest in and to and Lien on any such cash collateral and any right, title and interest of Borrowers in any deposit account, securities account or investment account into which such cash collateral may be deposited from time to time to secure the Obligations, specifically including all Obligations with respect to any Letters of Credit. Borrowers agree that upon the coming due of any Reimbursement Obligations (or any other Obligations, including Obligations for Letter of Credit Fees) with respect to the Letters of Credit, Agent may use such cash collateral to pay and satisfy such Obligations.
3.3.    Facility Fee
. If, for any day in each calendar quarter during the Term, the daily unpaid balance of the sum of Revolving Advances plus, Swing Loans plus the Maximum Undrawn Amount of all outstanding Letters of Credit (the “Usage Amount”) does not equal the Maximum Revolving Advance Amount, then Borrowers shall pay to Agent, for the ratable benefit of Lenders holding the Revolving Commitments based on their Revolving Commitment Percentages, a fee at a rate equal to 0.375% per annum for each such day on the amount by which the Maximum Revolving Advance Amount on such day exceeds such Usage Amount (the “Facility Fee”). Such Facility Fee shall be payable to Agent in arrears on the first Business Day of each calendar quarter with
52 Sixth Amendment.
65



respect to each day in the previous calendar quarter, and on the last day of the Term with respect to each day in the previous calendar quarter or portion thereof ending on such date, as applicable.
3.4.    Fee Letter
. Borrowers shall pay the amounts required to be paid in the Fee Letter in the manner and at the times required by the Fee Letter.
3.5.    Computation of Interest and Fees
. Interest and fees hereunder shall be computed on the basis of a year of 360 days and for the actual number of days elapsed. If any payment to be made hereunder becomes due and payable on a day other than a Business Day, the due date thereof shall be extended to the next succeeding Business Day and interest thereon shall be payable at the applicable Contract Rate during such extension.
3.6.    Maximum Charges
. In no event whatsoever shall interest and other charges charged hereunder exceed the highest rate permissible under Applicable Law. In the event interest and other charges as computed hereunder would otherwise exceed the highest rate permitted under Applicable Law: (i) the interest rates hereunder will be reduced to the maximum rate permitted under Applicable Law; (ii) such excess amount shall be first applied to any unpaid principal balance owed by Borrowers; and (iii) if the then remaining excess amount is greater than the previously unpaid principal balance, Lenders shall promptly refund such excess amount to Borrowers and the provisions hereof shall be deemed amended to provide for such permissible rate.
3.7.    Increased Costs
. In the event that any Applicable Law or any Change in Law or compliance by any Lender (for purposes of this Section 3.7, the term “Lender” shall include Agent, Swing Loan Lender, any Issuer or Lender and any corporation or bank controlling Agent, Swing Loan Lender, any Lender or Issuer and the office or branch where Agent, Swing Loan Lender, any Lender or Issuer (as so defined) makes or maintains any LIBORTerm SOFR Rate Loans) with any request or directive (whether or not having the force of law) from any central bank or other financial, monetary or other authority, shall:53
(a)    subject Agent, Swing Loan Lender, any Lender or Issuer to any tax of any kind whatsoever with respect to this Agreement, any Letter of Credit, any participation in a Letter of Credit or any LIBORTerm SOFR Rate Loan, or change the basis of taxation of payments to Agent, Swing Loan Lender, such Lender or Issuer in respect thereof (except for Indemnified Taxes or Other Taxes covered by Section 3.10 and the imposition of, or any change in the rate of, any Excluded Tax payable by Agent, Swing Loan Lender, such Lender or the Issuer);54
(b)    impose, modify or deem applicable any reserve, special deposit, assessment, compulsory loan, insurance charge or similar requirement against assets held by, or deposits in or for the account of, advances or loans by, or other credit extended by, any office of Agent, Swing Loan Lender, Issuer or any Lender, including pursuant to Regulation D of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System; or
53 Sixth Amendment.
54 Sixth Amendment.
66



(c)    impose on Agent, Swing Loan Lender, any Lender or Issuer, or the London interbank LIBORrelevant market, any other condition, loss or expense (other than Taxes) affecting this Agreement or any Other Document or any Advance made by any Lender, or any Letter of Credit or participation therein;55
and the result of any of the foregoing is to increase the cost to Agent, Swing Loan Lender, any Lender or Issuer of making, converting to, continuing, renewing or maintaining its Advances hereunder by an amount that Agent, Swing Loan Lender, such Lender or Issuer deems to be material or to reduce the amount of any payment (whether of principal, interest or otherwise) in respect of any of the Advances by an amount that Agent, Swing Loan Lender or such Lender or Issuer deems to be material, then, in any case Borrowers shall promptly pay Agent, Swing Loan Lender, such Lender or Issuer, upon its demand, such additional amount as will compensate Agent, Swing Loan Lender or such Lender or Issuer for such additional cost or such reduction, as the case may be; provided that the foregoing shall not apply to increased costs which are reflected in the LIBORTerm SOFR Rate, as the case may be. Agent, Swing Loan Lender, such Lender or Issuer shall certify the amount of such additional cost or reduced amount to Borrowing Agent, and such certification shall be conclusive absent manifest error.56
3.8.    Alternate Rate of Interest

.57
(a)    Interest Rate Inadequate or Unfair. In the event that Agent or any Lender shall have determined that:
(i)    reasonable means do not exist for ascertaining the LIBORTerm SOFR Rate applicable pursuant to Section 2.2 hereof for any Interest Period;
(ii)    Dollar deposits in the relevant amount and for the relevant maturity are not available in the London interbank LIBOR market, with respect to an outstanding LIBORTerm SOFR Rate Loan, a proposed LIBORTerm SOFR Rate Loan, or a proposed conversion of a Domestic Rate Loan into a LIBORTerm SOFR Rate Loan;
(iii)    the making, maintenance or funding of any LIBORTerm SOFR Rate Loan has been made impracticable or unlawful by compliance by Agent or such Lender in good faith with any Applicable Law or any interpretation or application thereof by any Governmental Body or with any request or directive of any such Governmental Body (whether or not having the force of law); or
(iv)    the LIBORTerm SOFR Rate will not adequately and fairly reflect the cost to such Lender of the establishment or maintenance of any LIBORTerm SOFR Rate Loan, and Lenders have provided notice of such determination to Agent,
then Agent shall give Borrowing Agent prompt written or telephonic notice of such determination. If such notice is given prior to a Benchmark Replacement Date (as defined below), then (x) any such requested LIBORTerm SOFR Rate Loan shall be made as a Domestic Rate Loan, unless Borrowing Agent shall notify Agent no later than 1:00 p.m. two (2) Business Days prior to the date of such proposed borrowing, that its request for such borrowing shall be
55 Sixth Amendment.
56 Sixth Amendment.
57 Sixth Amendment.
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cancelled or made as an unaffected type of LIBORTerm SOFR Rate Loan, (y) any Domestic Rate Loan or LIBORTerm SOFR Rate Loan which was to have been converted to an affected type of LIBORTerm SOFR Rate Loan shall be continued as or converted into a Domestic Rate Loan, or, if Borrowing Agent shall notify Agent, no later than 1:00 p.m. two (2) Business Days prior to the proposed conversion, shall be maintained as an unaffected type of LIBORTerm SOFR Rate Loan, and (z) any outstanding affected LIBORTerm SOFR Rate Loans shall be converted into a Domestic Rate Loan, or, if Borrowing Agent shall notify Agent, no later than 1:00 p.m. two (2) Business Days prior to the last Business Day of the then current Interest Period applicable to such affected LIBORTerm SOFR Rate Loan, shall be converted into an unaffected type of LIBORTerm SOFR Rate Loan, on the last Business Day of the then current Interest Period for such affected LIBORTerm SOFR Rate Loans (or sooner, if Agent or such Lender cannot continue to lawfully maintain such affected LIBORTerm SOFR Rate Loan). Until such notice has been withdrawn, neither Agent nor Lenders shall have any obligation to make an affected type of LIBORTerm SOFR Rate Loan or maintain outstanding affected LIBORTerm SOFR Rate Loans and no Borrower shall have the right to convert a Domestic Rate Loan or an unaffected type of LIBORTerm SOFR Rate Loan into an affected type of LIBORTerm SOFR Rate Loan.
(b)    Benchmark Replacement Setting.1358
(i)    Announcements Related to LIBOR. On March 5, 2021, the ICE Benchmark Administration, the administrator of LIBOR (the “IBA”) and the U.K. Financial Conduct Authority, the regulatory supervisor for the IBA, announced in a public statement the future cessation or loss of representativeness of overnight/Spot Next, 1-week, 1-month, 2-month, 3-month, 6-month and 12-month USD LIBOR tenor settings (collectively, the “Cessation Announcements”). The parties hereto acknowledge that, as a result of the Cessation Announcements, a Benchmark Transition Event occurred on March 5, 2021 with respect to USD LIBOR under clauses (1) and (2) of the definition of Benchmark Transition Event below; provided however, no related Benchmark Replacement Date occurred as of such date.
(i)    (ii) Benchmark Replacement. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary herein or in theany Other DocumentsDocument (and any agreement executed in connection with an Interest Rate Hedge shall be deemed not to be an “Other Document” for purposes of this Section 3.8(b), if a Benchmark Transition Event, an Early Opt-in Election or an Other Benchmark Rate Election, as applicable, and its related Benchmark Replacement Date have occurred prior to the Reference Time in respect of any setting of the then current Benchmark, then (x) if a Benchmark Replacement is determined in accordance with clause (1) or (2) of the definition of “Benchmark Replacement” for such Benchmark Replacement Date, such Benchmark Replacement will replace such Benchmark for all purposes hereunder and under any Other Document in respect of such Benchmark setting and subsequent Benchmark settings without any amendment to, or further action or consent of any other party to, this Agreement or any Other Document and (y) if a Benchmark Replacement is determined in accordance with clause (32) of the definition of “Benchmark Replacement” for such Benchmark Replacement Date, such Benchmark Replacement will replace such Benchmark for all purposes hereunder and under any Other Document in respect of any Benchmark setting at or after 5:00 p.m. on the fifth (5th) Business Day after the date notice of such Benchmark Replacement is provided to the Lenders without any amendment to, or further action or consent of any other party to, this Agreement or any Other Document so long as the Agent has not received, by such time, written notice of objection to such Benchmark Replacement from Lenders comprising the Required Lenders.
1358 Fifth Amendment, Sixth Amendment.
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(ii)    (iii) Benchmark Replacement Conforming Changes. In connection with the use, administration, adoption or implementation of a Benchmark Replacement, the Agent will have the right to make Benchmark Replacementmay make Conforming Changes from time to time and, notwithstanding anything to the contrary herein or in the Other Documents, any amendments implementing such Benchmark Replacement Conforming Changes will become effective without any further action or consent of any other party to this Agreement or any Other Document.
(iii)    (iv) Notices; Standards for Decisions and Determinations. The Agent will promptly notify the Borrowing Agent and the Lenders of (A) the implementation of any occurrence of a Benchmark Transition Event, a Term SOFR Transition Event, an Early Opt-in Election or an Other Benchmark Rate Election, as applicable, and its related Benchmark Replacement Date,, and (B) the effectiveness of any Conforming Changes in connection with the use, administration, adoption or implementation of anya Benchmark Replacement, (C) the effectiveness of any Benchmark Replacement Conforming Changes,. The Agent will notify the Borrowing Agent of (Dx) the removal or reinstatement of any tenor of a Benchmark pursuant to paragraphclause (viv) below, and (Ey) the commencement or conclusion of any Benchmark Unavailability Period. Any determination, decision or election that may be made by the Agent or, if applicable, any Lender (or group of Lenders) pursuant to this Section 3.8(b), including any determination with respect to a tenor, rate or adjustment or of the occurrence or non-occurrence of an event, circumstance or date and any decision to take or refrain from taking any action or any selection, will be conclusive and binding absent manifest error and may be made in its or their sole discretion and without consent from any other party to this Agreement or any Other Document, except, in each case, as expressly required pursuant to this Section 3.8(b).
(iv)    (v) Unavailability of Tenor of Benchmark. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary herein or in any of the Other Documents, at any time (including in connection with the implementation of a Benchmark Replacement), (A) if the then-current Benchmark is a term rate (including Term SOFR or USD LIBOR) and either (1) any tenor for such Benchmark is not displayed on a screen or other information service that publishes such rate from time to time as selected by the Agent in its reasonable discretion or (2) the regulatory supervisor for the administrator of such Benchmark has provided a public statement or publication of information announcing that any tenor of such Benchmark is not or will not be no longer representative, then the Agent may modify the definition of “Interest Period” (or any similar analogous definition) for any Benchmark settings at or after such time to remove such unavailable or non-representative tenor, and (B) if a tenor that was removed pursuant to clause (A) above either (1) is subsequently displayed on a screen or information service for a Benchmark (including a Benchmark Replacement), or (2) is not, or is no longer, subject to an announcement that it is not or will no longernot be representative for a Benchmark (including a Benchmark Replacement), then the Agent may modify the definition of “Interest Period” (or any similar or analogous definition) for all Benchmark settings at or after such time to reinstate such previously removed tenor.
(v)    (vi) Benchmark Unavailability Period. Upon the Borrowing Agent’s receipt of notice of the commencement of a Benchmark Unavailability Period, the BorrowersBorrowing Agent may revoke any pending request for an Advance bearing interest based on USD LIBORthe Term SOFR Rate, conversion to or continuation of Advances bearing interest based on USD LIBORthe Term SOFR Rate to be made, converted or continued during any Benchmark Unavailability Period and, failing that, the BorrowersBorrowing Agent will be deemed to have converted any such request into a request for a Domestic Rate Loan. During any Benchmark Unavailability Period or at any time that a tenor for the then-current Benchmark is not an Available Tenor, the component of the Alternate Base Rate based upon the then-current Benchmark or such tenor for such Benchmark, as applicable, will not be used in any determination of the Alternate Base Rate.
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(vii)    Term SOFR Transition Event. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary herein or in any Other Document and subject to the proviso below in this paragraph, if a Term SOFR Transition Event and its related Benchmark Replacement Date have occurred prior to the Reference Time in respect of any setting of the then-current Benchmark, then (A) the applicable Benchmark Replacement will replace the then-current Benchmark for all purposes hereunder or under any Other Document in respect of such Benchmark setting (the “Secondary Term SOFR Conversion Date”) and subsequent Benchmark settings, without any amendment to, or further action or consent of any other party to, this Agreement or any Other Document; and (B) Advances outstanding on the Secondary Term SOFR Conversion Date bearing interest based on the then-current Benchmark shall be deemed to have been converted to Advances bearing interest at the Benchmark Replacement with a tenor approximately the same length as the interest payment period of the then-current Benchmark; provided that, this paragraph shall not be effective unless the Agent has delivered to the Lenders and the Borrowing Agent a Term SOFR Notice.
(vi)    (viii) Certain Defined Terms. As used in this Section 3.8(b):
     “Available Tenor” means, as of any date of determination and with respect to the then-current Benchmark, as applicable (x) if the then currentsuch Benchmark is a term rate or is based on a term rate, any tenor for such Benchmark (or component thereof) that is or may be used for determining the length of an Interest Periodinterest period pursuant to this Agreement or (y) otherwise, any payment period for interest calculated with reference to such Benchmark (or a component thereof) that is or may be used for determining any frequency of making payments of interest calculated with reference to such Benchmark pursuant to this Agreement, in each case, as of such date and not including, for the avoidance of doubt, any tenor forof such Benchmark that is then-removed from the definition of “Interest Period” pursuant to paragraphclause (viiv) of this Section 3.8(b), or (y) if the then current Benchmark is not a term rate nor based on a term rate, any payment period for interest calculated with reference to such Benchmark pursuant to this Agreement as of such date.
Benchmark” means, initially, USD LIBORthe Term SOFR Rate; provided that if a Benchmark Transition Event, a Term SOFR Transition Event, an Early Opt-in Election or an Other Benchmark Rate Election, as applicable, and its related Benchmark Replacement Date have has occurred with respect to USD LIBORthe Term SOFR Rate or the then-current Benchmark, then “Benchmark” means the applicable Benchmark Replacement to the extent that such Benchmark Replacement has replaced such prior benchmark rate pursuant to paragraph (i) of this Section 3.8(b).
Benchmark Replacement” means, forwith respect to any Available TenorBenchmark Transition Event, the first alternative set forth in the order below that can be determined by the Agent for the applicable Benchmark Replacement Date:
(1)    the sum of: (a) TermDaily Simple SOFR and (b) the related Benchmark Replacement Adjustment;
(2)    the sum of: (a) Daily Simple SOFR and (b) the related Benchmark ReplacementSOFR Adjustment;

(2)    (3) the sum of: (a) the alternate benchmark rate that has been selected by the Agent and the Borrowing Agent as the replacement for the then-current Benchmark for the applicable Corresponding Tenor, giving due consideration to (ix) any selection or recommendation of a replacement benchmark rate or the mechanism for determining such a rate by the Relevant Governmental
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Body or (iiy) any evolving or then-prevailing market convention, for determining a benchmark rate as a replacement forto the then-current Benchmarkbenchmark for U.S. dollarDollar-denominated syndicated credit facilities at such time and (bB) the related Benchmark Replacement Adjustment;

provided that, in the case of clause (1), such Unadjusted Benchmark Replacement is displayed on a screen or other information service that publishes such rate from time to time as selected by the Agent in its reasonable discretion; provided, further, that, in the case of an Other Benchmark Rate Election, the “Benchmark Replacement” shall mean the alternative set forth in clause (3) above and when such clause is used to determine the Benchmark Replacement in connection with the occurrence of an Other Benchmark Rate Election, the alternate benchmark rate selected by the Agent and the Borrowing Agent shall be the term benchmark rate that is used in lieu of a USD-LIBOR-based rate in relevant other U.S. dollar-denominated syndicated credit facilities; provided, further, that, with respect to a Term SOFR Transition Event, on the applicable Benchmark Replacement Date, the “Benchmark Replacement” shall revert to and shall be determined as set forth in clause (1) of this definition. Ifif the Benchmark Replacement as determined pursuant to clause (1), (2) or (3) above would be less than the Floor, the Benchmark Replacement will be deemed to be the Floor for the purposes of this Agreement and the Other Documents; provided further that any Benchmark Replacement shall be administratively feasible as determined by the Agent in its sole discretion.

Benchmark Replacement Adjustment means, with respect to any replacement of the then-current Benchmark with an Unadjusted Benchmark Replacement for any applicable Tenor for any setting of such Unadjusted Benchmark Replacement:

(1)    for purposes of clauses (1) and (2) of the definition of “Benchmark Replacement,” the applicable amount(s) set forth below:


Available TenorBenchmark Replacement Adjustment*
One-Week0.03839% (3.839 basis points)
One-Month0.11448% (11.448 basis points)
Two-Months0.18456% (18.456 basis points)
Three-Months0.26161% (26.161 basis points)
Six-Months0.42826% (42.826 basis points)

* These values represent the ARRC/ISDA recommended spread adjustment values available here: https://assets.bbhub.io/professional/sites/10/IBOR-Fallbacks-LIBOR-Cessation_Announcement_20210305.pdf

(2)    for purposes of clause (3) of the definition of “Benchmark Replacement,” , the spread adjustment, or method for calculating or determining such spread adjustmentadjustments, (which may be a positive or negative value or zero) that has been selected by the Agent and the Borrowing Agent for the applicable Corresponding Tenor giving due consideration to (iA) any selection or recommendation of a spread adjustment, or method for calculating or determining such spread adjustment, for the replacement of such Benchmark with the applicable Unadjusted Benchmark Replacement by the Relevant Governmental Body on the applicable Benchmark Replacement Date or (iiB) any evolving or then-prevailing market convention for determining a spread adjustment, or method for calculating or determining such spread adjustment, for the replacement of such Benchmark with the applicable Unadjusted Benchmark Replacement for U.S. dollarDollar-denominated syndicated credit facilities;
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provided that, if the then-current Benchmark is a term rate, more than one tenor of such Benchmark is available as of the applicable Benchmark Replacement Date and the applicable Unadjusted Benchmark Replacement will not be a term rate, the Available Tenor of such Benchmark for purposes of this definition of “Benchmark Replacement Adjustment” shall be deemed to be the Available Tenor that has approximately the same length (disregarding business day adjustments) as the payment period for interest calculated with reference to such Unadjusted Benchmark Replacement.
Benchmark Replacement Conforming Changes